Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen

01.05.2011 | Original Article | Ausgabe 1/2011

Environmental Earth Sciences 1/2011

Biological stabilization of mine dumps: shear strength and numerical simulation approach with special reference to Sisam tree

Zeitschrift:
Environmental Earth Sciences > Ausgabe 1/2011
Autoren:
Rajesh Rai, B. K. Shrivastva

Abstract

The stability of mine waste dump is very important for an economic and safety point of view. The biological method is the most popular and eco-friendly approach to stabilize the mine waste dump in the long term. Trees outclass grasses and shrubs for long term stability as the roots of trees are stronger and penetrate deeper. Their roots bind the dump material and form a composite material having high shear strength. The mechanics of stabilization by tress have yet not been fully understood. Moreover, one always refers to biological stabilization of slope qualitatively rather than quantitatively. A numerical simulation tool has been used in the present paper to assess the increased factor of safety of a vegetated dump slope. The Sisam tree was chosen for the present study as it is commonly available in northern India, needs little care and has high economic value. The increased shear strength of the dump mass having tree roots was calculated by shear box test. The tree roots occupy large space, hence, a large size shear box (1.5 m × 1.5 m × 0.75 m) has specifically been designed and fabricated for determining the shear strength of dump root matrix. A small size shear box (0.30 m × 0.30 m × 0.15 m) has also been designed and fabricated to determine the increased shear strength due to small trees. It was observed that the Sisam tree of even moderate size binds the upper layers of mine dump and improve the factor of safety substantially. It was also observed that the stability of dump slope improves with time (i.e. size of tree).

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:

Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 69.000 Bücher
  • über 500 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Finance + Banking
  • Management + Führung
  • Marketing + Vertrieb
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe
  • Versicherung + Risiko

Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Springer Professional "Technik"

Online-Abonnement

Mit Springer Professional "Technik" erhalten Sie Zugriff auf:

  • über 50.000 Bücher
  • über 380 Zeitschriften

aus folgenden Fachgebieten:

  • Automobil + Motoren
  • Bauwesen + Immobilien
  • Business IT + Informatik
  • Elektrotechnik + Elektronik
  • Energie + Umwelt
  • Maschinenbau + Werkstoffe​​​​​​​




Testen Sie jetzt 30 Tage kostenlos.

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2011

Environmental Earth Sciences 1/2011 Zur Ausgabe