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2023 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Can an Evolutionary Order Be Schizophrenic? Reading Venezuelan Politics from an Institutionalist Perspective

verfasst von : Miguel Angel Latouche

Erschienen in: Venezuela – Dimensions of the Crisis

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

Chavismo has created an institutional dynamic that favors the reproduction of authoritarianism. Under this regime, social equilibrium does not depend on the possibility to build coherent social agreements based on consensus, but instead, on a dynamic of permanent political confrontation and power accumulation. In this sense, Chavismo has advanced a profound process of institutional transformation that seeks to guarantee its permanence in power, the undermining of any opposition to the regime and the control of society. Further, social order has evolved as predatory where the distribution of costs and benefits favors the political project while reducing dissidence and imposing costs on the society and limiting social cooperation. This authoritarian model is based on strong ideological control and a controlled use of force and economic incentives to break the will of the opposition. Overall, Chavismo has not been able to stabilize the system and has created a situation where many people play to survive in the context of high levels of uncertainty and reduced information or predictability. We define this situation as social schizophrenia.

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Fußnoten
1
The game is played only once.
 
2
We will do that in the following section.
 
3
Let’s say for simplicity that these social states could be cooperative or not cooperative.
 
4
We assume that all have the same weight in the collective decision. In this case, we do not consider the presence of a “meta-player.”
 
5
Assembly elections were held in July 2009, just 4 months after the approval referendum.
 
6
This is just one early manifestation of the “playfield inequality” that has characterized electoral processes during this period.
 
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Metadaten
Titel
Can an Evolutionary Order Be Schizophrenic? Reading Venezuelan Politics from an Institutionalist Perspective
verfasst von
Miguel Angel Latouche
Copyright-Jahr
2023
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-21889-7_2