Utilization of red soils in China can be divided into four periods: (1) Minimal use in agriculture before the 1950s; (2) Development of upland red soils for crop production; (3) Conversion of upland red soils to paddy cultivation; and (4) Integrated use and comprehensive exploitation of red soils. Intensive use of red soils for upland crops caused severe soil degradation through erosion and nutrient loss. Conversion from upland crops to rice paddy soils improves soil fertility by reducing soil erosion, especially through the increasing inputs of organic matter. An integrated system of land use on red soils enables their comprehensive exploitation and is the most promising approach for improving their resilience and increasing the economic value of the land. Future studies need to address soil and water issues in the red soil region.
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- Challenges in the Management and Utilization of Red Soils
M. J. Wilson
- Springer Netherlands
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen