The paper begins with a review of the history and economic development of the Philippines and identifies the fundamental structural characteristics of the country: unequal distribution of wealth and resources. The purpose of the paper is to present the role of the social structure in the deforestation process in the Philippines. While recognizing the role of marginal farmers in deforestation, the paper focuses on the interests of the wealthy minority in logging and their indirect impacts in preventing necessary social reforms. The paper also enumerates the factors behind recent changes in forest policy directed towards the reconstruction of the neglected forest sector. The recent major changes that occurred in forest policy, such as intensification of reforestation and orientation towards community forestry, are outlined. Finally, the factors that still put pressure on the forest resources, which are beyond the reach of forest policy and counteractive positive development, are recognised.
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- Change and Continuity in the Philippine Forest Policy
- Springer Netherlands