The purpose of this chapter is to provide a comparative backdrop on changing societal structures and risk profiles in the Nordic countries. The chapter is guided by two questions. Firstly, we ask to what extent labour market systems, household and ethnic demographic structures of Nordic populations have changed in the transition towards postindustrialism, with an emphasis on the most recent phase from the 1990s and onwards. Secondly, we ask to what extent it is reasonable to talk about a distinctive Nordic pattern in terms of the characteristics and distribution of new social risks in the population. These questions are addressed by offering an empirical account and discussion of changes in the socio-economic, household and ethnic composition of the population of the four major Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. To provide a basis for comparison we include, where possible, data from countries approximating the liberal, the employment-centred and the sub-protective welfare models — the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy, respectively (cf. Gallie & Paugam 2000).
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- Changing Population Profiles and Social Risk Structures in the Nordic Countries
Synøve Nygaard Andersen
- Palgrave Macmillan UK