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This chapter examines the continuities and changes in post-Communist Russian–Western relations, arguing that the main principles of Russian foreign policy have been fairly consistent since the early 1990s: assertion of Russian national interests distinct from those of the West, insistence on Russia’s status as a great power, maintenance of Russia’s role in international institutions, and resistance to Western unilateralism and hegemony. These principles help to explain the periodic clashes with Western states that regard Russia as an irritant in their promulgation of norms and approaches to resolving international crises. Until recently, crises tended to be followed by rapprochements, but Russian domestic developments, and evolving circumstances in the former Soviet Union and Middle East, have led to a more permanent freezing of relations.
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- Chapter 10: Post-Communist Russia and the West: From Crisis to Crisis?