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01.09.2012 | Special Issue | Ausgabe 2/2012

Environmental Earth Sciences 2/2012

Chemical changes in fluid composition due to CO2 injection in the Altmark gas field: preliminary results from batch experiments

Zeitschrift:
Environmental Earth Sciences > Ausgabe 2/2012
Autoren:
Farhana Huq, Philipp Blum, Michael A. W. Marks, Marcus Nowak, Stefan B. Haderlein, Peter Grathwohl

Abstract

Dissolution–precipitation phenomena induced by CO2 injection to Altmark Permian sandstone were observed through laboratory experiments carried out under simulated reservoir conditions (125 °C and 50 bars of pressure). The rock sample was collected from the Altmark gas reservoir, which is being considered for enhanced gas recovery. Two sets of experiments were performed with pulverized rock samples in a closed batch reactor with either pure water (run 1) or 3 M aqueous NaCl solution (run 2) and reacted with injected CO2 for 3, 5, and 9 days. The liquid samples were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy and total reflection X-ray fluorescence, where the latter proved to be a feasible alternative to conventional analytical techniques, especially since only small sample volumes (about 10 μl) are needed. Chemical analysis for both fluids (water and NaCl brine) indicated a significant dissolution of calcite and anhydrite in the solution, which might be a crucial process during CO2 injection. The brine solution enhanced the dissolution of calcite and anhydrite compared to pure water at the beginning of the reaction. Moreover, the progressive higher Si4+/Al3+ molar ratios (in average by a factor of 3) in the brine experiments indicated quartz dissolution. Thermodynamic calculations of mineral saturation indices highlighted the dissolution of the Ca-bearing minerals, which was in agreement with experimental results. Modeling enabled an evaluation of the dissolution processes of minerals in a low-salinity region, yet hindrances to model more saline conditions emphasize the need for further laboratory studies in order to parameterize models for deep aquifer conditions.

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