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Über dieses Buch

This book is based on multidisciplinary research focusing on low-carbon healthy city planning, policy and assessment. This includes city-development strategy, energy, environment, healthy, land-use, transportation, infrastructure, information and other related subjects.
This book begins with the current status and problems of low-carbon healthy city development in China. It then introduces the global experience of different regions and different policy trends, focusing on individual cases. Finally, the book opens a discussion of Chinese low-carbon healthy city development from planning and design, infrastructure and technology assessment-system perspectives.
It presents a case study including the theory and methodology to support the unit city theory for low-carbon healthy cities. The book lists the ranking of China’s 269 high-level cities, with economic, environmental, resource, construction, transportation and health indexes as an assessment for creating a low-carbon healthy future.
The book provides readers with a comprehensive overview of building low-carbon healthy cities in China.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Frontmatter

Introduction

In the global campaign to reduce carbon emissions, China faces two challenges: promoting urbanization and reducing carbon emissions. Failing to address these challenges appropriately could easily result in stronger emission. According to statistics from the International Energy Agency in 2011, China’s carbon dioxide emissions exceeded those of the United States by 2.6 billion tons. Chinese emissions exceeded aggregate emissions of the United Kingdom, Germany, Sweden, Australia, Japan, South Korea, and Brazil by 450 million tons, compared with other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development nations.

Weiguang Huang, Mingquan Wang, Jun Wang, Kun Gao, Song Li, Chen Liu

Significance of Development of Low-Carbon Healthy Cities

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, global climate change refers to, at a global level, a statistically significant variation in either the mean climate state or its variability, persisting for an extended period (a decade or longer). This may be due to natural internal processes, external forcing, or persistent anthropogenic changes in atmospheric composition or land use.

Mingquan Wang, Liqun Zhang, Kun Gao, Longjian Liu

Current Status of Low-Carbon Healthy City Development in China

China is in a stage of rapid development of urbanization. Constrained by the resources and environment carrying capacity and in order to achieve our development goals, to honor our solemn commitment to the world, China must take the low-carbon path featured with low resource consumption, little environmental pollution, and overall efficiency high green. To promote low-carbon urban development and build top-level design of a low-carbon construction, central ministries have issued a series of policies and regulations.

Jun Wang, Qingji Shen, Chao An, Kai Yan

Development of Global Low-Carbon Cities

Since the 21st century, problems of energy shortage and global warming due to human activities in production and life have raised extensive global attention. Many countries across the world have adopted the low-carbon development mode, with the latter aimed at reducing carbon emissions from human activities. And many international organizations, national governments introduce policies and laws to promote low-carbon mode of development. Among developed counties, Britain, the U.S. and Japan are taking the leading role.

Jun Wang, Liu Chen, Jun Zha, Zhongnan Ye

Low-Carbon Healthy City Planning and Design

The low-carbon concept originates from initiatives in response to the effects of climate change and energy crises on society. The term was initially proposed by Britain in the 2003 white paper Our Energy Future—Creating a Low Carbon Economy.

Shangwu Zhang, Xiaoming Kuang, Ye Chen, Xueyuan Deng, Jun Chen

Infrastructure of Low-Carbon Cities

Urban spatial scale and structural adjustment can reduce comprehensive energy consumption in cities. Adjusting land use and transportation structure between workplace and residence can direct the migration of industrial and commercial enterprises and associated residents, forming a new urban structure that will improve the efficiency of commuting, reduce delays, relieve congestion, and cut energy consumption.

Zhonghua Shen, Chen Liu

Low-Carbon Healthy City Assessment Systems

IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2013 (AR5), pointed out that between 2000 and 2010, increased use of coal relative to other energy sources has reversed a long-standing pattern of gradual decarburization of the world’s energy supply (high confidence). IPCC-AR5 also give out the different scenarios for the future development, based on the energy demand and supply, the economic factors including the structure of industry, the GDP per capita, population, energy intensity of GDP, and carbon intensity of energy. These technology guideline for carbon emission and energy calculation and models are the core basement for low-carbon and healthy city assessment.

Mingquan Wang, Liqun Zhang, Kun Gao, Longjian Liu
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