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British travellers visited Greece in increasing numbers after its formation as an independent state in 1832 and many of them published accounts of their wanderings. The conclusive evidence of early-Victorian travellers attested to the lack of infrastructure and domestic comfort, civil rights and free institutions. The tracing of discursive consistency in British travellers’ opinions on Greece, of recurring arguments, assumptions and associations, constitutes one of the aims of this article. It is also argued that comments on the modern Greeks should be examined in the context of a wider public debate, which involved general and universally applicable notions of “national progress”.
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Aberdeen Papers—British Library, Manuscript Collections, London.
Foreign Office, Greece—Public Record Office, Kew.
Lyons Papers—West Sussex Record Office, Chichester.
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Hansard’s Parliamentary Debates, 3rd series.
Angelomatis-Tsougarakis, H. (1990). The eve of the Greek revival. British travellers’ perceptions of early nineteenth-century Greece. London: Routledge.
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Borrer, D. (1845). A journey from Naples to Jerusalem by way of Athens, Egypt, and the Peninsula of Sinai. London: Madden.
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Millman, H. H. (1842). Journal of a tour in Greece (book review). Quarterly Review, 139, 129–157.
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Temple, Sir G. (1836). Travels in Greece and Turkey, being the second part of excursions in the Mediterranean. London: Saunders and Otley.
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Wilde, W. R. (1840). Narrative of a voyage to Madeirs, Teneriffe, and along the shores of the Mediterranean, including a visit to Algiers, Egypt, Palestine, Tyre, Rhodes, Telmessus, Cyprus, and Greece. Dublin: William Curry. 2 vols.
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- Civilized Observers in a Backward Land: British Travellers in Greece, 1832–1862