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The mainstream view on the causes of the Eurozone crisis is that it is a fiscal crisis that emanated partly from the incompetence of the peripheral EU states to collect taxes, partly from their own states’ profligacy with a huge and uneconomic public sector, and partly from the ‘fact’ that these societies are not working as hard as their northern neighbours. This mainstream view has been defeated by original work carried out in the past few years not only by Marxisant scholars and heterodox economists, but also by important financial commentators and journalists, such as Martin Wolf of the Financial Times. The Eurozone crisis, this winning approach argued, is a balance of payments crisis that is bound up with Germany’s anti-inflationary, low wage, export-led growth creating permanent surpluses for itself and permanent deficits for the periphery. This chapter aims at going a step further. Following a ‘global fault-lines’ approach1, it produces a historical reading of the Greek social and political economy, bringing into context not just economic indicators but also geopolitical and security ones. Thus, readers will become aware that periphery social formations, especially Greece, are connected with some inextricable historical and structural contradictions and fault-lines that go well beyond the country’s entry into the EMU in 2001 and refer to the country’s geostrategic and geopolitical location in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Balkans
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- Class and Politics in the Greek Debt Crisis
Vassilis K. Fouskas
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
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