Russia contains the world’s largest areas of permafrost and has a long-term tradition of soil classification. The traditional Russian genetic classification approach has been revised to change the relative role of ecology and soil properties. Still, most Russian classifications give priority to soil genesis and a subordinate place to arbitrary, rigid class definitions. Thus, after highly formalized world soil classification systems were adopted (firstly, US Soil Taxonomy), a gap between them and the Russian school appeared, and it persists.
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- Classification of Cryosols in Russia
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- Chapter 2