Environmental sensing is becoming a significant way for understanding and transforming the environment, given recent technology advances in the Internet of Things (IoT). Current environmental sensing projects typically deploy commodity sensors, which are known to be unreliable and prone to produce noisy and erroneous data. Unfortunately, the accuracy of current cleaning techniques based on mean or median prediction is unsatisfactory. In this paper, we propose a cleaning method based on incrementally adjusted individual sensor reliabilities, called
influence mean cleaning
(IMC). By incrementally adjusting sensor reliabilities, our approach can properly discover latent sensor reliability values in a data stream, and improve reliability-weighted prediction even in a sensor network with changing conditions. The experimental results based on both synthetic and real datasets show that our approach achieves higher accuracy than the mean and median-based approaches after some initial adjustment iterations.
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