Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Serbia’s current adaptive capacity to climate change is fairly modest. However, with the beginning of the process of Serbia’s accession to the European Union, the capacities for strategic consideration of climate change issues began to strengthen. Activities are focused primarily on the processes necessary to reduce the causes of climate change (mitigation), and the consideration of adaptation is still neglected. Forest ecosystems play an important role in the global carbon cycle since they have a large potential for carbon sequestration within forest biomass and forest soils. However, conservation of forest genetic resources has not been recognized as a separate significant mechanism for adaptation to climate change within the national policy framework. Conservationists will face numerous challenges in their attempts to adapt conservation activities to climate change trends. According to the estimated speed of climate change, spontaneous natural selection will play a less important role than phenotypic plasticity. Plasticity will be the most desirable feature in the conservation of natural populations and artificial regeneration. An interesting example of the “carryover effect” from the territory of Serbia is the hypothesis of the phenotype groups formation of Serbian spruce and the high degree of intraspecific variability of this relict and endemic species. National conservation priorities, based on elaborated challenges and adaptive mechanisms of trees, are defined and elaborated through concrete measures and activities.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Ahuja, M. R. (2011). Strategies for conservation of germplasm in endemic redwoods in the face of climate change: A review. Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization, 9(3), 411–422. CrossRef
Chiras, D. (1991). Environmental sciences: Action for a sustainable future. Textbook.
Eriksson, G. (2005). Evolution and evolutionary factors, adaptation and adaptability. In T. H. Geburek & J. Turok (Eds.), Conservation and management of forest genetic resources in Europe (pp. 199–211). Zvolen: Arbora Publishers.
Gilmour, J. S. L., & Gregor, J. W. (1939). Demes: A suggested new terminology. Nature, 144–333.
Isajev, V. (1987). Serbian spruce breeding on genetic and selection basis (321 p.). PhD thesis. Faculty of Forestry University of Belgrade (in Serbian).
Jablonka, E., Oborny, B., Molnar, I., Kisdi, E., Hofbauer, J., & Czaran, T. (1995). The adaptive advantage of phenotypic memory in changing environments. Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, 350(1332), 133–141. CrossRef
Koskela, J. (2007). European forest genetic resources programme: A European approach to gene conservation of forest trees. In J. D. Simpson (compiler) Proceedings of the forum on conservation of forest genetic resources: Challenges, issues and solutions (28–29 July 2006, Charlottetown, PEI). Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service – Atlantic Forestry Centre, Fredericton. Information Report M-X-220, 23–30.
Ledig, F. T. (1988). The conservation of diversity in forest trees. Bioscience, 38, 471–479. CrossRef
Loo, Ј., Fady, B., Dawson, I., Vinceti, B., & Baldinelli, G. (2011). Climate change and forest genetic resources – State of knowledge, risks and opportunities. In Commission on genetic resources for food and agriculture (29p.).
MAEP (Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection). (2016). First biennial update report (FBUR) to the UN framework convention on climate change (p. 93). Belgrade: Djura print (in Serbian).
Mátyás, C. S. (2005). Expected climate instability and its consequences for conservation of forest genetic resources. In T. H. Geburek & J. Turok (Eds.), Conservation and management of forest genetic resources in Europe (pp. 465–476). Slovakia: Arbora Publishers.
Mátyás, C. (2006). The missing link: Synthesis of forest genetics and ecological research in view of challenges of environmental change. In G. von Wühlisch (Ed.), Forest genetics and its contribution to sustainability in forestry and to consumer protection (Mitt. BFH, Nr 221, pp. 1–14). Hamburg: Kommissionsverlag.
Milovanović, J. (2007). Investigation of Serbian spruce intraspecific variability applying genetic markers (86 p.). MSc thesis. Faculty of Forestry University of Belgrade (in Serbian).
Milovanović, J., Arandjelović, M., & Radojević, U. (2015). Climate change adaptations – biolgical resources conservation challenge. In: Milovanović, J., & Djordjević, S. (Eds.) Conservation and enhancement of biological resources in the service of ecoremediation, Ministry of Education, Science and technological Development of the Republic of Serbia and Faculty of Applied Ecology Futura Singidunum University Belgrade (pp. 322–354). (in Serbian).
Milovanović, J., & Šijačić-Nikolić, M. (2006). Global climate changes and forest genetic resources conservation, international scientific conference in occasion of 60 year of operation of Institute of Forestry, Belgrade, Serbia «Sustainable use of forest ecosystems – The challenge of the 21st century. 8–10th November. Donji Milanovac, Serbia, The Book of Abstracts, 142.
Milovanović, J., & Šijačić-Nikolić, M. (2007). Serbian spruce genetic conservation model applying MPBS method. Bulletin of the Faculty of Forestry, 95, 119–126 (in Serbian). CrossRef
Milovanović, J., & Šijačić-Nikolić, M. (2008). Forest tree species natural genetic diversity assesment as a tool for conservation and sustainable use. In III international symposium of ecologists of the Republic of Montenegro, Hotel Delfin, Bijela, Herceg Novi, 08–12.10. Book of abstacts and programe, 81.
Milovanović, J., & Šijačić-Nikolić, M. (2009). Eco-genetic phenomenon as a possible explanation of Serbian spruce intraspecific diversity pattern. In V Balkan botanical congress. 7–11. September. Belgrade. Serbia. Book of abstracts, 62.
Milovanović, J., Radojević, U., & Šijačić-Nikolić, M. (2012). Conservation of Serbian spruce genetic resources applying environmental modeling. In International conference role of research in sustainable development of agriculture and rural areas. May 23–26, Montenegro. Book of abstracts, 116.
Milovanović, J., Radojević, U., & Šijačić-Nikolić, M. (2017). Linking ecosystem variability and carbon sequestration: Estimation of sequestered carbon in natural forests and perennial crops. In M. Lukac, P. Grenni, & M. Gamboni (Eds.), Soil biological communities and ecosystem resilience, (pp. 265–276). Springer International Publishing AG.
Namkoong, G. (1984). Strategies for gene conservation in forest tree breeding. In C. W. Yeatman, D. Kafton, & G. Wilkes (Eds.), Plant genetic resources: A conservation imperative (AAAS selected symp. 87, pp. 79–89). Boulder: Westview Press.
Orlović, S., Galić, Z., Matović, B., & Stojanović, D. (2014). Report on vulnerability and climate change adaptation plan in forestry. In The draft of the second report of the Republic of Serbia under the UN framework convention on climate change (in Serbian).
Šijačić-Nikolić, M., & Milovanović, J. (2010). Conservation and sustainable use of forest genetic resources (200 p.). Faculty of Forestry University of Belgrade, Planeta Print (in Serbian).
Šijačić-Nikolić, M., Milovanović, J., & Katičić-Trupčević, I. (2009). Model of Serbian spruce genetic diversity conservation applying MPBS method for adaptability improvement. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 1(1), 001–003.
Šijačić-Nikolić, M., Milovanović, J., & Nonić, M. (2014). Conservation of forest genetic resources. In M. R. Ahuja & Ramawat K. G. (Eds.), Biotechnology and biodiversity, (pp. 103–128). Springer.
St. Clair, J. B., & Howe, G. T. (2011). Strategies for conserving forest genetic resources in the face of climate change. Turkish Journal of Botany, 35, 403–409.
Stojanović, D., & Orlović, S. (2014). National adaptation plan – Forestry. In The draft of the second report of the Republic of Serbia under the UN framework convention on climate change (in Serbian).
Stojanović, D. B., Krzić, A., Matović, B., Orlović, S., Duputie, A., Djurdjević, V., Galić, Z., & Stojnić, S. (2013). Prediction of the European beech ( Fagus sylvatica L.) xeric limit usinga regional climate model: An example from southeast Europe. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 176, 94–103. CrossRef
Stojanović, D. B., Matović, B., Orlović, S., Kržič, A., Trudić, B., Galić, Z., Stojnić, S., & Pekeč, S. (2014). Future of the main important forest tree species in Serbia from the climate change perspective. South-East European Forestry, 5, 117–124. CrossRef
Stojanović, D., Matović, B., & Orlović, S. (2015a). Trends of forest cover changes in the Republic of Serbia. Šumarstvo, 3, 89–98 (in Serbian).
Stojanović, D., Levanič, T., Matović, B., & Orlović, S. (2015b). Growth decrease and mortality of oak floodplain forests as a response to change of water regime and climate. European Journal of Forest Research, 134(3), 555–567. CrossRef
Stojnić, S., Sass-Klaassen, U., Orlović, S., Matović, B., & Eilmann, B. (2013). Plastic growth response of European beech provenances to dry site conditions. IAWA Journal, 34, 475–484. CrossRef
Stojnić, S., Orlović, S., Živković, U., von Wuehlisch, G., & Miljković, D. (2015a). Phenotypic plasticity of European beech ( Fagus sylvatica L.) stomatal features under water deficit assessed in provenance trial. Dendrobiology, 73, 163–173. CrossRef
Stojnić, S., Orlović, S., Miljković, D., Galić, Z., Kebert, M., & von Wuehlisch, G. (2015b). Provenance plasticity of European beech leaf traits under differing environmental conditions at two Serbian common garden sites. European Journal of Forest Research, 134, 1109–1125. CrossRef
Tucović, A., & Isajev, V. (1988). Generative seed orchard of Serbian spruce in Godovik (Establishment project documentation, 10 p.). Faculty of Forestry University of Belgrade (in Serbian).
- Climate Change Aspects in Forest Genetic Resources Conservation in Serbia
- Chapter 28
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen