Energy questions have always played an important part in shaping the identity of modern Europe. Right from the start, the first common institution of the original six countries of the European Union was the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) in 1951. It was followed in 1957 by the European Economic Community (the EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or EURATOM). The founders of modern Europe were aware of the strategic character of energy security. The European Union would be an energy union or it would be nothing. Recently, the French presidency of the European Union that began on 1 July 2008 chose energy as a priority topic beside climate, immigration, defence, the reform of the common agricultural policy (CAP), the Union for the Mediterranean and Social Europe. Its key task in the energy area is in passing the vastly ambitious second legislative package on energy and climate that proposes to shape European energy policy up to 2020 and beyond.
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- Climate Change, Security of Supply and Competitiveness: Does Europe Have the Means to Implement its Ambitious Energy Vision?
Jan Horst Keppler
- Palgrave Macmillan UK
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