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Cloud Computing

weitere Buchkapitel

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Integrating Internet of Services and Internet of Things from a Multiagent Perspective

To realize the Internet-based sociotechnical systems, it is necessary to build a comprehensive and effective infrastructure to support the interaction between various cloud services on the Internet and the physical world in which we live. For …

Autoren:
Donghui Lin, Yohei Murakami, Toru Ishida

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Multi-agent Social Simulation for Social Service Design

Multi-agent social simulation (MASS) can be a powerful tool for designing social systems and services. Due to increases in computational power and progress in the social big data field, we can now apply MASS to real social systems, such as urban …

Autor:
Itsuki Noda

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Author-Topic Classification Based on Semantic Knowledge

We propose a novel unsupervised two-phased classification model leveraging from semantic web technologies for discovering common research fields between researchers based on information available from a bibliographic repository and external …

Autoren:
José Segarra, Xavier Sumba, José Ortiz, Ronald Gualán, Mauricio Espinoza-Mejia, Víctor Saquicela

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Bridges for Finland–India Business

This chapter introduces questions of interest to business enterprises and policy-makers in the context of building bridges for structuring Finland–India business. The bridges and modalities are asymmetric because of the cultural and institutional …

Autor:
Ajeet N. Mathur

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Organising for Business in Finland

The notion that business models successful in India can be tweaked and transplanted in Finland is one of the leading causes of business failures of Indian investors in Finland. Those Indian companies that have succeeded engaged in adequate …

Autor:
Ajeet N. Mathur

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Looking at Trends in ERM

The preceding explanations describe a modern risk management approach (ERM). This approach is also evolving and must be aligned with the changing business environment. The following chapter describes which ERM trends are in focus and how they …

Autor:
Stefan Hunziker

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Creating Value Through ERM Process

This chapter takes you step by step through the ERM process and presents practical challenges using concrete examples. Robustly developed risk scenarios can challenge management intuition with more rational information on risky decisions. In …

Autor:
Stefan Hunziker

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Netzwerkvirtualisierung

Netzwerkvirtualisierung ist ein Schlagwort für unterschiedliche Ansätze, um Netzwerkressourcen zu logischen Einheiten zusammenzufassen oder aufzuteilen. Vorteile der Netzwerkvirtualisierung sind Unabhängigkeit von den physischen Gegebenheiten und …

Autor:
Christian Baun

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel Open Access

Analysis of the AutoML Challenge Series 2015–2018

The ChaLearn AutoML Challenge (The authors are in alphabetical order of last name, except the first author who did most of the writing and the second author who produced most of the numerical analyses and plots.) (NIPS 2015 – ICML 2016) consisted …

Autoren:
Isabelle Guyon, Lisheng Sun-Hosoya, Marc Boullé, Hugo Jair Escalante, Sergio Escalera, Zhengying Liu, Damir Jajetic, Bisakha Ray, Mehreen Saeed, Michèle Sebag, Alexander Statnikov, Wei-Wei Tu, Evelyne Viegas

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Smart Planning: Tools, Concepts, and Approaches for a Sustainable Digital Transformation

The Smart Planning has been presented in the discussions in both urban computing, operational research, and digital cities and in the urban and regional planning field. The first can be referred as process of the integration, analysis, and …

Autoren:
Alexandre C. Barbosa, Taciano M. Moraes, Danielle T. Tesima, Ricardo C. Pontes, Alex de Sá Motta Lima, Barbara Z. Azevedo

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Digital Cities and Emerging Technologies

Cities are undergoing transformations in several respects, but, mainly, regarding novel technologies. In this sense, the aim of this study is to understand the relation between the cities and the use of emerging technologies such as digital …

Autoren:
Thays A. Oliveira, Vitor N. Coelho, Helena Ramalhinho, Miquel Oliver

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Simulation and Evaluation of a Model for Assistive Smart City

This chapter presents the evaluation of the Model for Assistive Smart Cities (MASC), which is intended for ubiquitous accessibility. The model was evaluated with data obtained from a contextual simulator (SIAFU), applied in the central region of …

Autoren:
Marcelo Josué Telles, Jorge Luis Victória Barbosa, Rodrigo da Rosa Righi, José Vicente Canto dos Santos, Márcio Joel Barth, Leandro Mengue

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Oracle Cloud Overview

As a CXO, you are looking for a cloud-based solution that should be able to store data efficiently, manage it with ease, and transact huge quantities of data, whether it is transactional data, a data warehouse, or from MIS, in a highly secure …

Autoren:
Y V Ravi Kumar, Nassyam Basha, Krishna Kumar K M, Bal Mukund Sharma, Konstantin Kerekovski

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Introduction to High Availability and Disaster Recovery with Cloud Technology

Welcome to the world of high availability and disaster recovery. It is high time for you to learn about database software high availability concepts. Software has become an essential element in today’s world. Almost all businesses in every …

Autoren:
Y V Ravi Kumar, Nassyam Basha, Krishna Kumar K M, Bal Mukund Sharma, Konstantin Kerekovski

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

An Approach to Automated Recognition of Pavement Deterioration Through Machine Learning

Roads are composed of various sorts of materials and with the constant use they expose different kinds of cracks or potholes. The aim of the current research is to present a novel automated classification method to be applied on these faults …

Autoren:
Rodrigo Huincalef, Guillermo Urrutia, Gabriel Ingravallo, Diego C. Martínez

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Storage Space Use in Mobile Applications

The purpose of software development is meeting both functional and non-functional requirements. In mobile device applications, non-functional requirements are more relevant due to the restrictions inherent to these devices. One of these …

Autoren:
Juan Fernández Sosa, Pablo Thomas, Lisandro Delía, Germán Cáseres, Leonardo Corbalán, Fernando Tesone, Verena Olsowy

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

A Nomadic Testbed for Teaching Computer Architecture

A nomadic laboratory or testbed, based on Raspberry Pi 3 computers and Arduino microcontrollers, has been developed in order to teach subjects related to computer architecture. The testbed can be transported to the classroom. Students can access …

Autoren:
Pablo D. Godoy, Carlos G. García Garino, Ricardo L. Cayssials

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

CloudSDN: Enabling SDN Framework for Security and Threat Analytics in Cloud Networks

The “Software-Defined Networking (SDN), Network Function Virtualization (NFV)” are recent network paradigms and “OpenStack”, a widely deployed Cloud management platform. The goal of this presented research work is to integrate the SDN, NFV into …

Autoren:
Prabhakar Krishnan, Krishnashree Achuthan

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

A Comparative Study on Load Balancing Algorithms in Software Defined Networking

Advent of big data, cloud computing and IOTs resulted into significant increase in traffic on servers used in traditional networks as these networks are normally non-programmable, complex in management, highly expensive in nature, and have tightly …

Autoren:
Neha Joshi, Deepak Gupta

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Reason on the Ropes

Scientific American is the oldest continuously published monthly in the United States (it became monthly only in 1921), with 171 years of history. It includes among its authors the most important American scientists (including Albert Einstein).

Autor:
Carlos Elías

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

The Construction of a Normative Framework for Technology-Driven Innovations: A Legal Theory Perspective

Technology developments change the way we conceive the normative force of law and legal systems. Traditionally based on written texts, and on their interpretation by a professional class of jurists, normativity seems nowadays to migrate into …

Autor:
Francesco De Vanna

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Digital Rights and Jurisdiction: The European Approach to Online Defamation and IPRs Infringements

The new media and communication technologies have significantly increased the number of online cross-border disputes involving the security and protection of personal identity as well as of intellectual property creations. The persistent lack of a …

Autor:
Ornella Feraci

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

The EU as a Global Standard Setting Actor: The Case of Data Transfers to Third Countries

The Chapter analyses the framework on the basis of which data collected in the European Union (EU) can be legitimately transferred to a third country, as well as the role of EU and national authorities in the context of the adequacy procedure. It …

Autor:
Stefano Saluzzo

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Deep Learning and Change Detection for Fall Recognition

Early fall detection is a crucial research challenge since the time delay from fall to first aid is a key factor that determines the consequences of a fall. Wearable sensors allow a reliable way for daily-life activities tracking, able to detect …

Autoren:
Sotiris K. Tasoulis, Georgios I. Mallis, Spiros V. Georgakopoulos, Aristidis G. Vrahatis, Vassilis P. Plagianakos, Ilias G. Maglogiannis

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Cyber Security Incident Handling, Warning and Response System for the European Critical Information Infrastructures (CyberSANE)

This paper aims to enhance the security and resilience of Critical Information Infrastructures (CIIs) by providing a dynamic collaborative, warning and response system (CyberSANE system) supporting and guiding security officers and operators (e.g.

Autoren:
Spyridon Papastergiou, Haralambos Mouratidis, Eleni-Maria Kalogeraki

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Testbeds for the Implementation of 5G in the European Union: The Innovative Case of the 5G-DRIVE Project

An essential part of the actual EU policy towards promoting and validating 5G applications and of related solutions is via the establishment of an explicit plan and of a detailed roadmap for trials, tests and experimental activities though …

Autoren:
Ioannis P. Chochliouros, Anastasia S. Spiliopoulou, Alexandros Kostopoulos, Eirini Vasilaki, Uwe Herzog, Athanassios Dardamanis, Tao Chen, Latif Ladid, Marinos Agapiou

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Trustworthy AI for 5G: Telco Experience and Impact in the 5G ESSENCE

This paper discusses how it is possible to implement a general model to cope with the network and service management when the AI (Artificial Intelligence) capabilities are integrated in a trustworthy AI for 5G solutions framework. We discuss the …

Autoren:
Maria Rita Spada, Alessandro Vincentini

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Regulatory Considerations in the 5G Era: The 5GCity Neutral Host Case

The need for densification in 5G networks will necessitate the installation of large amounts of small cells in dense urban environments in order to meet future demands for capacity. The Neutral Host model has been proposed as a potential solution …

Autoren:
Ioannis Neokosmidis, Theodoros Rokkas, Dimitrios Xydias, Maria Rita Spada

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

A Cloud-Based Architecture for Video Services in Crowd Events

In this paper, we discuss a use case focused on crowd events in the context of the original 5G ESSENCE project [1], emphasizing on the provision of video services to the involved end-users. In particular, we investigate the core architectural …

Autoren:
Alexandros Kostopoulos, Ioannis Chochliouros, Evangelos Sfakianakis, Daniele Munaretto, Claus Keuker

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Inclusion of Telemetry and Data Analytics in the Context of the 5G ESSENCE Architectural Approach

The 5G will not only be a kind of progress of mobile broadband networks but will also create a set of novel and unique network and service capabilities, structuring a form of a sustainable and scalable technology. Based on the context of the …

Autoren:
Ioannis P. Chochliouros, Anastasia S. Spiliopoulou, Alexandros Kostopoulos, George Agapiou, Maria Belesioti, Evangelos Sfakianakis, Michail-Alexandros Kourtis, Mike Iosifidis, Marinos Agapiou, Pavlos Lazaridis

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Network Slicing: The Concept

5G networks are envisioned to support three types of services such as mMTC, URRLC, and eMBB. Each of these use cases has diverse network requirements. To enable these diverse use cases, network slicing is a promising candidate. In this chapter, we …

Autoren:
S. M. Ahsan Kazmi, Latif U. Khan, Nguyen H. Tran, Choong Seon Hong

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Resource Management for Network Slicing

Radio resource management is categorized among the biggest challenges for the 5G networks due to the proliferation of heterogeneous devices. Moreover, the introduction of 5G verticals and the need to fulfill heterogeneous stringent requirements …

Autoren:
S. M. Ahsan Kazmi, Latif U. Khan, Nguyen H. Tran, Choong Seon Hong

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

5G Networks

Recent advances in wireless communication has enabled us in improving our daily life tasks. Over the recent two decades, wireless communication especially the cellular networks have developed at an exceptionally quick pace to have a productive and …

Autoren:
S. M. Ahsan Kazmi, Latif U. Khan, Nguyen H. Tran, Choong Seon Hong

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Digitization – Areas of Application and Research Objectives

For most readers of this book, digitization has already become a natural part of their everyday life. In essence, “digitization” refers to the binary representation of texts, images, sounds, films and the properties of physical objects in the form …

Autoren:
Sophie Hippmann, Raoul Klingner, Miriam Leis

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Safety and Security

Cybersecurity as the basis for successful digitization

Cybersecurity is the basis for successful digitization and for innovation in all sectors, e.g. in digital production (Industry 4.0), smart energy supply, logistics and mobility, healthcare, public administration, and cloud-based services, too. The …

Autoren:
Claudia Eckert, Michael Waidner

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

5G Data Transfer at Maximum Speed

More data, more speed, more security

Mobile communications have permanently changed our society and our ways of communicating ever since the global availability of mobile speech services, and because these communications form the basis for mobile Internet. They have facilitated a new …

Autoren:
Ronald Freund, Thomas Haustein, Martin Kasparick, Kim Mahler, Julius Schulz-Zander, Lars Thiele, Thomas Wiegand, Richard Weiler

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

E-Health

Digital Transformation and its Potential for Healthcare

While the digital transformation is well underway in numerous areas of society, medicine still faces immense challenges. Nevertheless, the potential resulting from the interaction of modern biotechnology and information technology is huge. Initial …

Autoren:
Horst Hahn, Andreas Schreiber

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Fraunhofer Big Data and Artificial Intelligence Alliance

Mining valuable data

Big data is a management issue across sectors and promises to deliver a competitive advantage via structured knowledge, increased efficiency and value creation. Within companies, there is significant demand for big data skills, individual business …

Autoren:
Stefan Wrobel, Dirk Hecker

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

IIoT in the Hospital Scenario: Hospital 4.0, Blockchain and Robust Data Management

The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) consists of the pervasive application of the IoT paradigm in conjunction with analytics and artificial intelligence (AI) in industrial scenarios. Industry 4.0 (I4.0) extends further the IIoT model with the …

Autoren:
Luca Faramondi, Gabriele Oliva, Roberto Setola, Luca Vollero

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Towards a Secure Industrial Internet of Things

The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), being one of the underlying and enabling technologies of the Industry 4.0 initiative, brings about expectations for unprecedented value creation opportunities in industry. Unfortunately, these do not come …

Autoren:
Georgios Spathoulas, Sokratis Katsikas

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Advanced Persistent Threats and Zero-Day Exploits in Industrial Internet of Things

Manufacturing industry, electricity networks, supply chain, food production and water treatment plants have been heavily depended on Industrial Automation and Control (IAC) Systems. Integration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) …

Autoren:
Ioannis Stellios, Panayiotis Kotzanikolaou, Mihalis Psarakis

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Conversational Commerce: Bots, Messaging, Algorithmen und Artificial Intelligence

Kommunikation und Interaktion werden zunehmend über Algorithmen gesteuert und bestimmt. Bots und Messaging-Systeme werden heiß diskutiert und gelten als Mega-Trends der nächsten Jahre. Das Postulat „Märkte sind Gespräche“ wird vor dem Hintergrund …

Autor:
Peter Gentsch

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

The Era of Internet of Things: Towards a Smart World

Internet of Things (IoT) is expected to revolutionize our lives. IoT is now a growing industry. Analysts predict that IoT products and services will grow exponentially in next years. By 2020, it is expected that more than 50 billion IoT devices …

Autor:
Khaled Salah Mohamed

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

IoT Cloud Computing, Storage, and Data Analytics

In this chapter, we will discuss the basic motivation behind cloud computing and its importance for IoT. Thanks to TCP/IP and HTTP, any client or IoT hardware can talk to any IoT service, no matter which hardware you choose. We will learn how to …

Autor:
Khaled Salah Mohamed

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Algorithmic Business – auf dem Weg zum selbstfahrenden Unternehmen

Die Effekte und Implikation von Algorithmik und AI betreffen die gesamte unternehmerische Wertschöpfungskette. Der "Business Layer" des AI Business Frameworks hat gemäß des Schwerpunktes des Buches die "Customer Facing"-Prozesse und -Funktionen in den Vordergrund gestellt. In diesem Kapitel werden die Potenziale für die gesamte unternehmerische Wertschöpfung kurz skizziert.

Autor:
Peter Gentsch

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Multi-mode Retrieval Method for Big Data of Economic Time Series Based on Machine Learning Theory

For traditional search methods affected by the index build time, resulting in poor search results, a multi-mode retrieval method for big data of economic time series based on machine learning theory is proposed. According to the good extensibility …

Autoren:
Hai-ying Chen, Lan-fang Gong

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Construction of Design Characteristics Model of Manufacturing Structures for Complex Mechanical Parts

Traditional mechanical parts manufacturing structure design feature model can more complete mechanical parts structure design feature extracting, but for complex mechanical parts for structural design feature extraction, feature extraction error …

Autor:
Yunsheng Chen

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Research on Secure Storage of Multimedia Data Based on Block Chaining Technology

When the traditional multimedia data security storage method is used to store the electronic commerce data, there are some problems such as insufficient security and slow encryption speed, which often lead to data leakage or loss. A secure storage …

Autoren:
Fei Gao, Li Hui Zhen

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

-ADMM Algorithm for Sparse Image Recovery Under Impulsive Noise

The existing compressive sensing recovery algorithm has the problems of poor robustness, low peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) and low applicability in images inpainting polluted by impulsive noise. In this paper, we proposed a robust algorithm …

Autoren:
Dongbin Hao, Chunjie Zhang, Yingjun Hao

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Research and Analysis on Comparison Scheme of IoT Encrypted Data in Cloud Computing Environment

Conventional cloud computing iot encrypted data comparative analysis method to simple encryption scheme comparison, the accuracy of the scheme comparison is not high, for more complex data encryption scheme comparison, comparative stability lower …

Autoren:
Rong Xu, Fu-yong Bian

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

IP Network Traffic Analysis Based on Big Data

Big data is a hot topic in the current academia and industry circles, which is influencing people’s daily lifestyles, work habits and ways of thinking. Due to the complexity of data itself and the huge amount of data, big data faces many problems …

Autoren:
Hanqi Yin, Jianguo Sun, Yiqi Shi, Liu Sun

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Research on Data Management System for Drug Testing Based on Big Data

The traditional drug detection data management system has the disadvantages of limited submenu generation and uneven distribution of management rights. In order to solve these problems, a new data management system based on big data is designed.

Autoren:
Fu-yong Bian, Ming Zhang, Zhen Chen, Rong Xu

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Method for Quickly Obtaining User Browsing Behavior Data Under Cloud Computing

Under cloud computing, traditional user browsing behavior data acquisition method cannot optimize data classification, which results in slow and low accuracy of data acquisition. For this reason, a fast method to obtain user browsing behavior data …

Autoren:
Jinbao Shan, Haitao Guo

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

The Blockchain Random Neural Network in Cybersecurity and the Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) enables increased connectivity between devices; however, this benefit also intrinsically increases cybersecurity risks as cyber attackers are provided with expanded network access and additional digital targets. To …

Autor:
Will Serrano

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Mobile Data Application in Mobile Network

This chapter focuses on mobile networks: mobile data analysis and application technology in mobile networks. In recent years, many new network architectures and technologies have emerged in mobile networks, such as D2D networks, green …

Autoren:
Hao Jiang, Qimei Chen, Yuanyuan Zeng, Deshi Li

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Conclusion, Remarks, and Future Directions

This chapter is the summary part of the whole book. It mainly sums up the level of development and methods as well as applications of mobile data, mobile data analysis, and mobile data mining. Besides, we introduce research direction of mobile …

Autoren:
Hao Jiang, Qimei Chen, Yuanyuan Zeng, Deshi Li

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

CSR, Sustainability and Green IT in Higher Education: An Australian Perspective

This study aims to examine the promoting of ITS6 students’ learning and awareness towards Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Sustainability, and Green IT (Information Technology) specifically in higher education. Currently, businesses …

Autoren:
Tomayess Issa, Theodora Issa

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Tradable Services, Value Chains and the Gauteng Economy

Tradable services hold a considerable yet untapped potential to contribute to economic development in Africa. This chapter assesses the importance of tradable services to the province of Gauteng, which is South Africa’s economic heartland.

Autoren:
Ivan Turok, Justin Visagie

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Literature Review

There are various detection methods are available for nitrate detection in water. Some of them are laboratory-based methods, some can perform in situ measurement. Some of the detection methods are conventional, some of them are non-conventional …

Autoren:
Md Eshrat E Alahi, Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

IoT Enabled Smart Sensing System

Monitoring the nitrate concentration in the field is an excellent ability for a water-monitoring study. An Interdigital FR4-based capacitive sensor is characterised by nitrate concentration and reported in this chapter. The concentration range of …

Autoren:
Md Eshrat E Alahi, Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Symbiotic Autonomous Systems with Consciousness Using Digital Twins

The IEEE work-group for Symbiotic Autonomous Systems defined a Digital Twin as a digital representation or virtual model of any characteristics of a real entity (system, process or service), including human beings. Described characteristics are a …

Autoren:
Felipe Fernández, Ángel Sánchez, José F. Vélez, A. Belén Moreno

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

A Survey: WSN Heterogeneous Architecture Platform for IoT

Internet of Things (IoT) is a novel paradigm that allows millions of smart devices to be connected to the Internet. Such devices can be sensors/actuators, which are able to operate and transmit data to other systems in an autonomous way. In fact …

Autoren:
Naila Bouchemal, Sondes Kallel, Nardjes Bouchemal

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Common Structures in Resource Management as Driver for Reinforcement Learning: A Survey and Research Tracks

In the era of growing digitalization, dynamic resource management becomes one of the critical problems in many application fields where, due to the permanently evolving environment, the trade-off between cost and system performance needs to be …

Autoren:
Yue Jin, Dimitre Kostadinov, Makram Bouzid, Armen Aghasaryan

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Advanced Hybrid Technique in Detecting Cloud Web Application’s Attacks

Recently cloud computing has emerged the IT world. It eventually promoted the acquisition of resources and services as needed, but it has also instilled fear and user’s renunciations. However, Machine learning processing has proven high robustness …

Autoren:
Meryem Amar, Mouad Lemoudden, Bouabid El Ouahidi

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Intelligent ERP Based Multi Agent Systems and Cloud Computing

The use of agents makes ERP systems more intelligent. They provide capabilities to independently interact with their surrounding environment and performing autonomous actions while cooperating with other systems Regarding the cloud computing, its …

Autoren:
Nardjes Bouchemal, Naila Bouchemal

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Create an Efficient Database Development Process

Most Oracle database development environments are set up like fragile china shops. There’s an intricate structure that must be maintained at all costs, and the smallest change can break things and stop everyone from working. Nobody knows exactly …

Autor:
Jon Heller

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

5G Connectivity Technologies for the IoT: Research and Development Challenges

This work seeks to provide the 5G connectivity technologies for the Internet of Things (IoT) research and development together with future directions in the field. The requirements of Massive IoT and Critical IoT use cases and communication …

Autoren:
Zoran Bojkovic, Dragorad Milovanovic

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

5G Ultra Reliable and Low-Latency Communication: Fundamental Aspects and Key Enabling Technologies

The fifth generation (5G) mobile communication system has reached the standardization phase, after more than five years of research and development activities. Design of an ultra-reliable and low-latency communication (uRLLC) is much more …

Autoren:
Dragorad Milovanovic, Zoran Bojkovic

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

A Hybrid Approach for Recommender Systems in a Proximity Based Social Network

Being one of the latest trends in technology, big data is proving to be fundamental in various fields and domains. Analyzing the large volume of data leads to fruitful information and depicts new methods of achieving growth and innovation in this …

Autoren:
Soulakshmee D. Nagowah, Kedarnathsingh Rajarai, Muhammad M. N. Lallmahamood

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Designing a Machine Learning System

In the previous chapters, you have seen various algorithms and how they apply to specific problem domains. This chapter will help you get into the finer details of designing a machine learning system. The concepts explained in this chapter are …

Autoren:
Gopinath Rebala, Ajay Ravi, Sanjay Churiwala

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Trustworthy Product Lifecycle Management Using Blockchain Technology—Experience from the Automotive Ecosystem

Rooted on the principle “from cradle to grave”, the lifecycle-driven approach to managing products like automobiles and related services has been recognised as a pivotal approach in research and practice [5, 15]. Digital technologies have …

Autoren:
Manuel Holler, Linard Barth, Rainer Fuchs

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Cloud-Based Simulation

In order to accommodate the development and application of simulation systemsSimulation systems engineering in network environments, modeling and simulation technology embraced increasingly web-basedWeb-based to cloud-basedCloud based simulation …

Autoren:
Lin Zhang, Fei Wang, Feng Li

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Tips for Companies: Surviving on the Internet

All the tips that we discussed in Chap. 8 also apply to companies. Here too, general principles apply, such as regularly updating software (including security software) and operating systems. Indeed, they are even more important in the corporate …

Erschienen in: Cyberdanger (2019)
Autor:
Eddy Willems

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

From Cyberwar to Hacktivism

Chapter 3 showed us that behind the familiar facade of cyberspace lurks a dark and dangerous world. But that’s not all. Even governments are not disinterested, neutral players: they use cyberweapons in a variety of ways to manipulate, spy on, and …

Erschienen in: Cyberdanger (2019)
Autor:
Eddy Willems

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel Open Access

The Mythical 10x Programmer

Are some programmers indeed ten times more productive than others, as some people claim? To a shocking degree, the answer depends on what exactly the question is intended to mean. In this chapter, we will work our way towards this insight by way …

Autor:
Lutz Prechelt

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Digital Culture

We trace the foundations of digital cultureDigital culture to Claude ShannonShannon, Claude and Alan TuringTuring, Alan , pioneers of information theoryInformation theory and computer scienceComputer science including algorithms, machine …

Autoren:
Tula Giannini, Jonathan P. Bowen

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Personalplanung in Zeiten der Digitalisierung

In diesem Kapitel wird – mit dem Fokus auf personalwirtschaftliche Aspekte der Digitalisierung und ohne Anspruch auf Vollständigkeit – kurz auf wesentliche Inhalte einer Definition des Digitalisierungsbegriffes sowie auf ausgewählte digitale …

Autoren:
Thomas Spengler, Olga Metzger, Tobias Volkmer

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

DQN Aided Edge Computing in Satellite-Terrestrial Network

In order to support a mass of current satellite applications, it becomes a trend to integrate satellite networks with terrestrial networks, called satellite-terrestrial networks. However, traditional network protocols cannot adapt to the dynamic …

Autoren:
Fangmin Xu, Fan Yang, Chao Qiu, Chenglin Zhao, Bin Li

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

The Cassini/Huygens Navigation Ground Data System: Design, Implementation, and Operations

The highly successful Cassini/Huygens mission conducted almost 20 years of scientific research in both its journey across the solar system and its 13-year reconnaissance of the Saturnian system. This operational effort was orchestrated by the …

Autor:
R. M. Beswick

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Advanced Manufacturing Metrology in Context of Industry 4.0 Model

The Cyber-Physical Manufacturing Metrology Systems (CPM2Ss) are based on integration of the Cyber Physical Systems (CPSs) and connection between Internet of Things (IoTs) and Cloud technology (CT). These are high-level methodologies for …

Autoren:
Vidosav D. Majstorovic, Numan Durakbasa, Yasuhiro Takaya, Slavenko Stojadinovic

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Shedding Light on Shadow IT: Definition, Related Concepts, and Consequences

The use of Information Technology (IT) without formal approval and support of the IT department, called shadow IT, has challenged organizations to rethink ways of managing IT resources in order to cope with the use of unauthorized technologies in …

Autoren:
Gabriela Labres Mallmann, Aline de Vargas Pinto, Antônio Carlos Gastaud Maçada

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Industry 4.0 beyond the Factory: An Application to Forestry

Industries like paper, packaging or furniture heavily rely on wood as basic resource, making the forestry sector an important part of the economy. However, the woods are not only an economic resource, but also a public good with significant …

Autoren:
Jan Reitz, Michael Schluse, Jürgen Roßmann

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Understanding the Concepts

With the wide adoption of Agile methodologies in the software development industry, delivery of software within a shorter time period has become the norm. Automation is a buzzword in today’s software world, as it is an essential part of successful …

Autoren:
Chaminda Chandrasekara, Pushpa Herath

2020 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Greening Energy Provision in Urban Pakistan

Entrepreneurship for green energy provision in Pakistan is direly needed to ensure universal access to energy, diffusion of renewable energy, and improving energy efficiency. Pakistan’s per capita electricity consumption is less than 467 kWh …

Autoren:
Sardar Mohazzam, Ayesha Ali, Saleem H. Ali

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Internet of Things Concept for Informing Visually Impaired Persons in Smart Factory Environments

With development of contemporary Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and services it is possible to increase mobility, movement, and quality of life to blind and partially sighted people. Guidelines of the Council of the European …

Autoren:
Dragan Peraković, Marko Periša, Ivan Cvitić, Petra Zorić

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Current Applications and Future Promises of Machine Learning in Diffusion MRI

Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DW-MRI) explores the random motion of diffusing water molecules in biological tissue and can provide information on the tissue structure at a microscopic scale. DW-MRI in used in many applications …

Autoren:
Daniele Ravi, Nooshin Ghavami, Daniel C. Alexander, Andrada Ianus

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

The Meaning of Technological Culture in Manufacturing

The understanding of technological culture has been shown in this text based on the author’s research. Manufacturing which is very important in contemporary economy needs some new solutions to give correct answer to customers’ requirements. The …

Autor:
Magdalena K. Wyrwicka

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Industry 4.0 Programs Worldwide

Since 2011, when Industry 4.0 has entered the scene, national programs for its development and application in national industries have been launched around the world. In the meantime, this Program has begun to develop in different countries, until …

Autoren:
Vidosav D. Majstorovic, Radivoje Mitrovic

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

A Cloud-Based Process Planning System in Industry 4.0 Framework

When generating and optimizing process plans nowadays, new concepts and models which consider dynamic harmonization of all participants, systems and people involved in planning stages are applied. A number of systems and environments for …

Autoren:
Mijodrag Milošević, Dejan Lukić, Stevo Borojević, Aco Antić, Mića Đurđev

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Launching New Projects in Industry 4.0: Best Practices of Automotive Suppliers

The purpose of this paper is to present the meaning and benefits of new Industry 4.0 (I4.0) projects for organizations future and competitiveness. The background was scholarly literary research, best practice analysis and interviews with operation …

Autoren:
Kristina Zgodavova, Andrea Sutoova, Miroslav Cicka

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

A Hidden Markov Model Based Approach to Modeling and Monitoring of Processes with Imperfect Maintenance

Maintenance interventions are usually imperfect. In this paper, we propose a novel degradation model that addresses the uncertainty in maintenance effectiveness. The new model assumes system’s degradation level at the end of any production run can …

Autoren:
Deyi Zhang, Dragan Djurdjanović

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Description of (Fully) Homomorphic Cryptographic Primitives Within the p-Adic Model of Encryption

In this paper we consider a description of homomorphic and fully homomorphic cryptographic primitives in the p-adic model. This model describes a wide class of ciphers (including substitution ciphers, substitution ciphers streaming, keystream …

Autoren:
Ekaterina Yurova Axelsson, Andrei Khrennikov

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

What We Built and the Takeaways

What we did in last the 11 chapters has always been painted as a hazy picture by many—only to prevent people from taking charge and building their own platform as they deemed fit. As any sane person would do, we started by learning the landscape …

Autor:
Anand Tamboli

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Azure IoT Edge Security

Don’t be misled by this chapter. You might be tempted to think that because this chapter is one of the last chapters in the book, it’s an add-on topic to the Azure IoT Edge platform. That couldn’t be further from the truth. In fact, many of the …

Autor:
David Jensen

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Analyse – Wo stehen wir?

Um eine marktorientierte Unternehmensplanung entwickeln und umsetzen zu können, muss das Management zunächst den dynamischen Kontext verstehen, in welchem das Unternehmen agiert, und die wichtigsten Einflussfaktoren dieser Umgebung identifizieren.

Autor:
Dirk Lippold

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

New Issues for Workers Safety in the Factory of the Future

Human in the factory is one of the main themes of the Factory of the Future; in this context the aim of this paper is to present the new issues for workers safety and integrated design concepts or methodologies which have to be taken into account.

Autoren:
P. Martin, B. Daille-Lefèvre, J. Marsot, X. Godot, G. Abba, A. Siadat, M. Gomez-Echeverri

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Education for the Industry of the Future (IoF) with the 3D Experience Platform

The role of universities is essential for the divulgation of the competences of the Industry of the Future (IoF) in students around the world. Therefore, the existence of different CAD software for Industrial Engineering, developed by several …

Autoren:
V. Gomez-Jauregui, F. Cue-Palencia, C. Manchado, C. Otero

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Approach to the Management Applied to the Periodical Technical Inspection (PTI) Stations in the Context of Industry 4.0

This work is a first approach to the management applied to the Periodical Technical Inspection (PTI) stations in the context of Industry 4.0. Since 1965, PTIs are mandatory in Spain, initially only for public transport and freight trucks, but …

Autoren:
J. García-Cordonié, P. Izquierdo, J. A. Vilán, A. Segade, E. Casarejos, M. Lopez

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Colocation, Colocation, Colocation: Optimizing Placement in the Hybrid Cloud

Today’s enterprise customer has to decide how to distribute her services among multiple clouds - between on-premise private clouds and public clouds - so as to optimize different objectives, e.g., minimizing bottleneck resource usage, maintenance …

Autoren:
Srinivas Aiyar, Karan Gupta, Rajmohan Rajaraman, Bochao Shen, Zhifeng Sun, Ravi Sundaram

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Minimization of Testing Costs in Capacity-Constrained Database Migration

Database migration is an ubiquitous need faced by enterprises that generate and use vast amount of data. This is due to database software updates, or from changes to hardware, project standards, and other business factors [1]. Migrating a large …

Autoren:
K. Subramani, Bugra Caskurlu, Alvaro Velasquez

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Intelligent Network Resource Management

Resource management problems are ubiquitous in the networking field, such as job scheduling, bitrate adaptation in video streaming and virtual machine placement in cloud computing. In this chapter, we propose a reinforcement learning based dynamic …

Autoren:
Haipeng Yao, Chunxiao Jiang, Yi Qian

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Introduction

The current Internet architecture established from TCP/IP has gained huge success and been one of the indispensable infrastructures for our daily life, economic operation and society. However, burgeoning megatrends in the information and …

Autoren:
Haipeng Yao, Chunxiao Jiang, Yi Qian

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Conclusions and Future Challenges

This book mainly discusses the architectures of intelligent networks as well as the possible techniques and challenges. We first introduced the concept of NetworkAI, which is a novel paradigm that applying machine learning to automatically control …

Autoren:
Haipeng Yao, Chunxiao Jiang, Yi Qian

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Southern Theories in ICT4D

This paper suggests that the dominance of northern research paradigms in ICT4D may be viewed as a continuation of colonial sway over the endeavors of the global South. The notion of Southern Theory - as introduced in the work of Raewyn Connell …

Autoren:
David Kreps, Julian M. Bass

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Cybersecurity Curriculum Design: A Survey

The threat of cyber attacks continue to grow with the increasing number of sophisticated and successful targeted cyber attacks throughout the globe. To address this issue, there is a dire need for cybersecurity professionals with adequate …

Autoren:
Djedjiga Mouheb, Sohail Abbas, Madjid Merabti

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Detection of Dangers in Human Health with IoT Devices in the Cloud and on the Edge

Smart bands are wearable devices that are frequently used in monitoring people’s activity, fitness, and health state. They can be also used in early detection of possibly dangerous health-related problems. The increasing number of wearable devices …

Autoren:
Mateusz Gołosz, Dariusz Mrozek

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Big Data in Power Generation

The coal-fired power plant regularly produces enormous amounts of data from its sensors, control and monitoring systems. The Volume of this data will be increasing due to widely available smart meters, Wi-Fi devices and rapidly developing IT …

Autoren:
Marek Moleda, Dariusz Mrozek

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Grundlagen und Treiber der Künstlichen Intelligenz

InKünstliche Intelligenz (KI)Grundlagen diesem Kapitel wird veranschaulicht, warum die Künstliche Intelligenz gerade in den letzten Jahren massiv an Bedeutung gewonnen hat. Für diese Entwicklung sind nicht einzelne Faktoren alleine verantwortlich …

Autoren:
Ralf T. Kreutzer, Marie Sirrenberg

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Anwendungsfelder der Künstlichen Intelligenz – Best Practices

BevorBest Practices auf eine Vielzahl von KI-AnwendungsbereichenKünstliche Intelligenz (KI)Anwendungen eingegangen wird, ist ein wichtiger Aspekt zu klären. KI-Systeme heutiger Prägung sind immer auf spezifische Aufgabenstellungen ausgerichtet.

Autoren:
Ralf T. Kreutzer, Marie Sirrenberg

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Autonomic IoT Battery Management with Fog Computing

Internet of Things (IoT) is the connection of any object to the internet, to generate useful information about its own state or surrounding environment. IoT allows new products and services to be applied in different areas, such as smart cities …

Autoren:
Hugo Vaz Sampaio, Ana Luiza Cordova de Jesus, Ricardo do Nascimento Boing, Carlos Becker Westphall

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Cloud Computing Adoption in the Government Sector in Brazil: An Exploratory Study with Recommendations from IT Managers

Cloud Computing constitutes an alternative for organizations that want to optimize the use of computing resources and rationalize costs with IT infrastructure. However, the adoption and implementation in the government sector pose several …

Autoren:
Teófilo Branco Jr., Isaías Bianchi, Filipe de Sá-Soares

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Network and Cloudlet Selection for Computation Offloading on a Software-Defined Edge Architecture

Edge computing is an emerging paradigm that brings the benefits of the cloud processing closer to the user, thus reducing delays in computational offloading. However, mobile user experience can still be affected due to signal degradation, reduced …

Autoren:
Bruno Silva, Warley Junior, Kelvin Lopes Dias

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Dynamic Resource Allocation in Hybrid Mobile Cloud Computing for Data-Intensive Applications

Mobile cloud computing is a platform that has been used to overcome the challenges of mobile computing. However, emerging data-intensive applications, such as face recognition and natural language processing, imposes more challenges on mobile …

Autoren:
Mohammad Alkhalaileh, Rodrigo N. Calheiros, Quang Vinh Nguyen, Bahman Javadi

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

A Critical Review of Edge and Fog Computing for Smart Grid Applications

Smart grid and cloud computing architectures have been perfectly suiting each other naturally. As a result, over the years cloud computing architectures have dominated the implementations of smart grid applications to address computing needs.

Autoren:
Gilbert M. Gilbert, Shililiandumi Naiman, Honest Kimaro, Burchard Bagile

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Information Security Culture Assessment of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Tanzania

This study explores the status of information security culture (ISC) of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) using Tanzania as a case. To assess the ISC of SMEs, measurement criteria from organizational and …

Autoren:
Zainab Ruhwanya, Jacques Ophoff

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Exploring Tensions of Global Public Good Platforms for Development: The Case of DHIS2

The purpose of this paper is to explore tensions in global public goods (GPG), based on the case of digital platforms for innovation. GPG designs promise normative ideals of non-rivalry and non-exclusivity, which in practice are challenged in …

Autoren:
Brian Nicholson, Petter Nielsen, Johan Saebo, Sundeep Sahay

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Digital Warehousing as a Leading Logistics Potential

Digital transformation of business processes in various sectors and spheres of life radically changes the concept of “warehouse logistics.” Leading modern logistics systems in warehousing are a combination of digital communication platforms …

Autoren:
Vera Borisova, Khasan Taymashanov, Tamila Tasueva

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

A Converged Network Architecture Oriented Towards NB-IoT

Although NB-IoT’s standardization gives us a future direction, we have to face some issues of existing networks converged, especially, the wireless sensor net-work (WSN) and cellular networks (CN) converged. On the other hand, the increase in …

Autoren:
Weidong Fang, Wuxiong Zhang, Lianhai Shan, Qianqian Zhao, Wei Chen

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Security Risk Assessment for Miniature Internet of Thing Systems with 5G

In order to improve the traditional analytic hierarchy process method, information entropy and interval fuzzy number are introduced to AHP respectively on the weight of the hierarchy and the weight of the index. The effectiveness of the improved …

Autoren:
Wei Chen, Lei Wang, Fangming Bi, Chaogang Tang, Senyu Li

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

TME2R: Trust Management-Based Energy Efficient Routing Scheme in Fog-Assisted Industrial Wireless Sensor Network

Fog-assisted Industrial Wireless Sensor Network (F-IWSN) is a novel wireless sensor network (WSN) in the industry. It not only can more efficiently reduce information transmission latency, but also can more conducively achieve real-time control …

Autoren:
Weidong Fang, Wuxiong Zhang, Wei Chen, Yang Liu, Chaogang Tang

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Cluster Routing Protocol for Coal Mine Wireless Sensor Network Based on 5G

In coal mine, the routing protocol in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) based on fog computing can effectively achieve combination the monitoring task with the computing task, and provide the correct data forwarding path to meet the requirements of …

Autoren:
Wei Chen, Xiao Yang, Weidong Fang, Wuxiong Zhang, Xiaorong Jiang

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Edge Computing Technologies as a Crucial Factor of Successful Industry 4.0 Growth. The Case of Live Video Data Streaming

This article presents edge computing as a new approach which can significantly benefit development of Industry 4.0 in different areas. The edge computing was explained in comparison with cloud computing. Its main advantages can be obtained …

Autor:
Joanna Gąbka

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Human-Organization Relation in the Perspective of Industry 4.0

The main aim of this paper is to present the prospective changes in human-organization relation in enterprises caused by the technological progress, the progressive global digital transformation of tools and processes in particular, and to define …

Autor:
Waldemar Jędrzejczyk

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Does Metal Additive Manufacturing in Industry 4.0 Reinforce the Role of Substractive Machining?

The article describes in a review and debatable way a trend that can be seen in modern industry, also known as the fourth industrial revolution or Industry 4.0. After years of dynamic development of additive techniques from polymeric, composite …

Autoren:
Marcin A. Królikowski, Marta B. Krawczyk

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Knowledge Management in Open Industrial Virtual Reality Applications

This paper presents practical results of a new, open approach to knowledge formalization and management in Virtual Reality applications for use in industry, especially in design and training purposes. Idea of applications with open access to …

Autoren:
Filip Górski, Paweł Buń, Przemysław Zawadzki, Radosław Wichniarek

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Intelligent Systems in the Railway Freight Management

The article is devoted to the problems of improving the management system of railway freight transportation based on the concept of Industry 4.0. During the study, was identified the main competitor of rail traffic - automotive freight …

Autoren:
Michal Balog, Hanna Sokhatska, Angelina Iakovets

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Interaction in Project Management Approach Within Industry 4.0

With the fourth industrial revolution emerging as a requirement of the global production network, companies and countries are connected more tightly through supply chain networks around the world. The fourth industrial revolution “Industry 4.0” …

Autor:
Mehmet Cakmakci

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Toward Information System Architecture to Support Predictive Maintenance Approach

The prognostic and health management (PHM) approach aims at supporting maintenance operations in order to ensure the functionality of a system. In order to achieve this objective, a PHM approach is composed of a prognostic component, able to send …

Autoren:
Alexandre Sarazin, Sébastien Truptil, Aurélie Montarnal, Jacques Lamothe

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

The Disruption and Global Implications of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) for Higher Education

There has been a great deal of discussion on Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) since 2012 (considered by some as the year of the MOOCs). The emergence of MOOCs caused a great deal of interest among academics and technology experts as well as the …

Autor:
Nabil Sultan

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Software-Defined Networking to Improve Cybersecurity in Manufacturing Oriented Interoperability Ecosystems

Industry 4.0 is reshaping the manufacturing industry. Through Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) and cloud computing, manufacturing orientated interoperability ecosystems allow companies to reinvent the use of manufacturing data in value …

Autoren:
Francisco Fraile, José Luis Flores, Raúl Poler, Eduardo Saiz

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Empowering Product Co-creation Approaches Through Business Interoperability Concepts: The Toy Industry Case

Although 99% of toy manufacturing companies are SMEs, the toy market is dominated by a limited number of massive global brands. Therefore, SMEs should enhance their current business model in a way that would give them a competitive advantage. This …

Autoren:
A. Michalitsi-Psarrou, S. Koussouris, C. Kontzinos, O. Markaki, C. Ntanos, D. Panopoulos, J. Psarras

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Architectures Server-Centric vs Mobile-Centric for Developing WoT Applications

The massive adoption of smart devices has fostered the development of Web of Things (WoT) applications. Due to the limited capabilities of these devices (some of them are battery powered, or the data exchange is limited), these applications have …

Erschienen in: Web Engineering (2019)
Autoren:
Javier Berrocal, Jose Garcia-Alonso, Juan Manuel Murillo

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Linked USDL Extension for Cloud Services Description

Cloud computing has become the most influential paradigm in recent years, both in industry and academia. A Cloud provider delivers Cloud services to businesses or individuals. However, each Cloud provider uses its own techniques to describe their …

Erschienen in: Web Engineering (2019)
Autoren:
Hajer Nabli, Raoudha Ben Djemaa, Ikram Amous Ben Amor

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

An Automatic Data Service Generation Approach for Cross-origin Datasets

As a unified data access model, data service has become a promising technique to integrate and share heterogeneous datasets. In order to publish overwhelming data on the web, it is a key to automatically extract and encapsulate data services from …

Erschienen in: Web Engineering (2019)
Autoren:
Yuanming Zhang, Langyou Huang, Jiawei Lu, Gang Xiao

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Redundancy as a Measure of Fault-Tolerance for the Internet of Things: A Review

In this paper we review and analyze redundancy-based fault-tolerant techniques for the IoT as a paradigm to support two of the main goals of computer security: availability and integrity. We organized the presentation in terms of the three main …

Autoren:
Antonino Rullo, Edoardo Serra, Jorge Lobo

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

SETTRUST: Social Exchange Theory Based Context-Aware Trust Prediction in Online Social Networks

Trust is context-dependent. In real-world scenarios, people trust each other only in certain contexts. However, this concept has not been seriously taken into account in most of the existing trust prediction approaches in Online Social Networks …

Autoren:
Seyed Mohssen Ghafari, Shahpar Yakhchi, Amin Beheshti, Mehmet Orgun

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Security Challenges in the Industry 4.0 Era

Although the concept of Industry 4.0 was introduced in 2011 at the Hannover Fair, it was only recently that it gained major attention. The fourth industrial revolution, referred to as Industry 4.0, is based mainly on cyber-physical systems along …

Autoren:
Mohammed M. Alani, Mohamed Alloghani

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

The Role of Blockchain in Underpinning Mission Critical Infrastructure

There is a fast-growing desire to look at the technology of blockchain as a method to enhance and further protect mission critical data in large-scale critical national infrastructure (CNI) such as healthcare organisations, ICS and SCADA systems …

Autoren:
Hamid Jahankhani, Stefan Kendzierskyj

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Ready for Industry 4.0? The Case of Central and Eastern Europe

In this chapter we determine the industry 4.0 (I4.0) readiness of eight Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs): Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, Romania, the Slovak Republic, and Slovenia. We explain the nature of …

Autoren:
Wim Naudé, Aleksander Surdej, Martin Cameron

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

The Internet of Things and Sustainable Manufacturing

The Internet provides the means to interconnect billions of network-enabled devices and machines across the world, enabling information sharing between them and a degree of interactivity that hitherto has been impossible. This view of the future …

Autoren:
David Heatley, Mohamed Abdel-Maguid

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Industry 4.0 (i4.0): The Hype, the Reality, and the Challenges Ahead

In the aftermath of the 2008 global financial crises, a debate around how to recover from the crises and to ensure future growth, and also the role of technology in the future of this growth is pursued. In a report titled “Industrie 4.0” (Industry …

Autor:
Mohammad Dastbaz

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

D

□ …

Autor:
Oliver Bendel

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Beweisführung mit Fahrzeugdaten

Die zunehmende Existenz von Daten im Fahrzeug führt zu dem Interesse der Beteiligten, die mit den Daten in Berührung kommen, die Daten auch zu Beweisführungszwecken zu nutzen. Je mehr Daten vorliegen, desto besser lässt sich auch ein …

Autor:
Nina Raith

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

E

□ …

Autor:
Oliver Bendel

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

S

„Schlüsselqualifikation“ ist ein Sammelbegriff für all diejenigen Fähigkeiten und Kompetenzen, die notwendig oder auch wünschenswert für die erfolgreiche Beherrschung von in einem bestimmten Kontext wiederkehrenden Anforderungen sind.

Autor:
Oliver Bendel

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

I

□ …

Autor:
Oliver Bendel

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

B

□ …

Autor:
Oliver Bendel

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

V

Verantwortung kann nach Otfried Höffe eingeteilt werden in Primärverantwortung (die man trägt), Sekundärverantwortung (zu der man gezogen wird) und Tertiärverantwortung (zu der man gezogen wird und die mit einer Sanktionierung verbunden ist). Mit …

Autor:
Oliver Bendel

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Datenerhebung mit Python am Beispiel von Twitter und Nachrichten-Medien

In diesem Kapitel wird exemplarisch gezeigt, wie Python zur automatisierten Datenerhebung genutzt werden kann. Im ersten Beispiel greifen wir auf Daten von Twitter zurück. Hierzu erstellen wir uns zunächst einen Developer-Account sowie eine App …

Autor:
Markus Feiks

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

C

□ …

Autor:
Oliver Bendel

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Implementation of Cloud Applications

The companies’ move towards cloud applications and cloud solutions is not only a shortsighted trend. It is a clear strategy of the business leaders to “get more bang for the buck”. It is more and faster innovation, more flexibility, more …

Erschienen in: Run IT (2019)
Autor:
Andreas Graesser

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Privacy Preserving Elastic Stream Processing with Clouds Using Homomorphic Encryption

Prevalence of the Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) clouds has enabled organizations to elastically scale their stream processing applications to public clouds. However, current approaches for elastic stream processing do not consider the …

Autoren:
Arosha Rodrigo, Miyuru Dayarathna, Sanath Jayasena

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

e-Learning: How Teaching and Training Methods Changed in the Last 20 Years

The introduction provides the evolution of the scenario and some recent trends. The following part of the chapter describes the effects of this environment on young generations and, in more detail, the educational benefits and drawbacks. In the …

Erschienen in: e-Services (2019)
Autor:
Alfredo M. Ronchi

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

e-Health: Background, Today’s Implementation and Future Trends

The analysis will adequately take into account the overall context including social, ethical and technological issues. It draws a “big picture” where we consider different regions of the world and different needs. The chapter outlines to what …

Erschienen in: e-Services (2019)
Autor:
Alfredo M. Ronchi

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Research on Disaster Communications

From our experience the Great East Japan Earthquake in March 2011 to help out the people in the affected area in terms of IT support such as internetworking and providing PCs, we came across an interesting issue concerning collaboration with …

Autoren:
Yuko Murayama, Kayoko Yamamoto

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Scheduling in High Performance Computing

This chapter provides background information relevant to our objectives: …

Autoren:
Art Sedighi, Milton Smith

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Internet of Things (IoT): Technological Indicators from Patent Analysis

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a computing concept that describes the idea of everyday physical objects being connected to the Internet and being able to identify themselves to other devices. The connection of the various devices occurs over the …

Autoren:
Meire Ramalho de Oliveira, Angela Emi Yanai, Diogo Soares Moreira, Cláudia Daniele de Souza, Carlos Eduardo Gomes de Castro

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Quality Control in the Context of Industry 4.0

Palpable progress in Internet of Things (IoT) and Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are quickly turning Industry 4.0 a reality thus having a deep effect on every angle of the manufacturing industry, from logistics to quality control. The measurement …

Autoren:
Radu Godina, João C. O. Matias

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

New Product Development in the Context of Industry 4.0: Insights from the Automotive Components Industry

The advent of Industry 4.0 is imposing several changes and challenges to companies and industries. Connectivity, software dependence, and deep interdependency between companies in global optimized supply chains are some aspects that will be …

Autoren:
Jorge Oliveira, Manuel Nunes, Paulo Afonso

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Die Grundlagen des E-Business

E-Business ist die Nutzung der Informationstechnologien für die Vorbereitung (Informationsphase), Verhandlung (Kommunikationsphase) und Durchführung (Transaktionsphase) von Geschäftsprozessen zwischen ökonomischen Partnern über innovative …

Erschienen in: E-Business (2019)
Autor:
Tobias Kollmann

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Die Grundlagen der E-Company

Die E-Company steht allgemein als Begriff für die elektronische Kooperation zwischen Unternehmen über digitale Netzwerke. Oftmals wird in diesem Zusammenhang auch von einer gemeinschaftlichen „virtuellen Unternehmung“ bzw. von einem …

Erschienen in: E-Business (2019)
Autor:
Tobias Kollmann

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

OEM oder Serviceanbieter?

Wie Toyota mit e-Palette die Automobilindustrie revolutioniert

Unser Alltag ist ein wiederkehrendes Wechselspiel zwischen Tätigkeiten, die an einem bestimmten Ort erbracht werden müssen oder möchten, und Mobilität, d. h. das Erreichen dieser Tätigkeitsstätten. Im digitalen Automobilzeitalter kann dieses …

Autoren:
Katharina Hölck, Sebastian Höflich, Jan Wehinger

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Treatment of Ventricular Assist Device Test Bench Data for Prediction of Failures and Improved Intrinsic Reliability

This article regards over analytics of reliability of ventricular assist devices (VAD) used as therapy for advanced heart failure conditions in the face of malfunction related adverse events. This question directs research and the search for a …

Autoren:
Jeferson C. Dias, Jônatas C. Dias, Edinei Legaspe, Rodrigo Lima Stoeterau, Fabrício Junqueira, Newton Maruyama, Lucas Antônio Moscato, Paulo E. Miyagi, Diolino J. Santos Filho

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Dynamic Search Tree Growth Algorithm for Global Optimization

This paper presents dynamic version of the tree growth algorithm. Tree growth algorithm is a novel optimization approach that belongs to the group of swarm intelligence metaheuristics. Only few papers addressed this method so far. This algorithm …

Autoren:
Ivana Strumberger, Eva Tuba, Miodrag Zivkovic, Nebojsa Bacanin, Marko Beko, Milan Tuba

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Simulation of an Early Warning Fire System

In this paper, we will be using separate software tools (wireless network and Finite Differences Time Domain based simulators) to simulate the implementation of a wireless sensor network model based on low-rate/power transmission technology. The …

Autoren:
Paulo Lourenço, Alessandro Fantoni, Manuela Vieira

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Emerging Community Energy Ecosystems: Analysis of Organizational and Governance Structures of Selected Representative Cases

The quest to decarbonize and decentralize the current power grid has enabled high penetration of Distributed Energy Resources at the edge of the distribution network. The diversity, complexity and growing numbers of these energy resources …

Autoren:
Kankam O. Adu-Kankam, Luis M. Camarinha-Matos

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Open Modular Components in the Industry Using vf-OS Components

The increasing complexity in industrial and information technology in the last decades forced the manufacturing process to adapt to these new evolution trends. Factories are using the advancement of the Internet of Things (IoT) to have multiple …

Autoren:
Joao Giao, Joao Sarraipa, Ricardo Jardim-Gonçalves

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Towards a Practical and Cost-Effective Water Monitoring System

In recent years, there has been increasing awareness of the preservation, protection and sustainable use of natural resources. Water resources, being one of the most important, face major threats due to contamination by pollutants of various types …

Autoren:
João Marques, Brígida Lopes, Carlos Ferreira, Henrique Pinho, Manuel Barros, Pedro Granchinho, Pedro Neves

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Production Scheduling Requirements to Smart Manufacturing

The production scheduling has attracted a lot of researchers for many years, however most of the approaches are not targeted to deal with real manufacturing environments, and those that are, are very particular for the case study. It is crucial to …

Autoren:
Duarte Alemão, André Dionísio Rocha, José Barata

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

GDPR Transparency Requirements and Data Privacy Vocabularies

This tutorial introduced participants to the transparency requirements of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) [35]. Therein, it was explored together with the attendees whether technical specifications can be valuable to support …

Autoren:
Eva Schlehahn, Rigo Wenning

2020 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Future Occupational Profiles in Earth Observation and Geoinformation—Scenarios Resulting from Changing Workflows

Technological advances require continuous efforts to keep existing curricula up-to-date and graduates employable in the Earth observation (EO) and geoinformation (GI) sectors. The increasing availability of space/geospatial data and the maturity …

Autoren:
Barbara Hofer, Stefan Lang, Nicole Ferber

2020 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Agent-Based Simulation for Indoor Manufacturing Environments—Evaluating the Effects of Spatialization

The paper elaborates on an Agent-based Modeling approach for an indoor manufacturing environment—in particular, a semiconductor production plant. In order to maintain a flexible production “line”, there is no conveyor belt, and a mix of different …

Autoren:
Stefan Kern, Johannes Scholz

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Validating Requirements of Access Control for Cloud-Edge IoT Solutions (Short Paper)

The pervasiveness of Internet of Things (IoT) solutions have stimulated research on the basic security mechanisms needed in the wide range of IoT use case scenarios, ranging from home automation to industrial control systems. We focus on access …

Autoren:
Tahir Ahmad, Silvio Ranise

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Configuring Data Flows in the Internet of Things for Security and Privacy Requirements

The Internet of Things is a highly distributed, highly dynamic environment where data can flow among entities (the ‘things’) in complex data flow configurations. For data secrecy, it is important that only certain data flows be allowed. Research …

Autoren:
Luigi Logrippo, Abdelouadoud Stambouli

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Cloud Security Auditing: Major Approaches and Existing Challenges

Cloud computing is emerging as a promising IT solution for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, and on-demand accesses to a shared pool of configurable computing resources. However, the widespread adoption of cloud is still being hindered by security …

Autoren:
Suryadipta Majumdar, Taous Madi, Yosr Jarraya, Makan Pourzandi, Lingyu Wang, Mourad Debbabi

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Scheduling Operations and SMED: Complementary Ways to Improve Productivity

In most real cases the problem of scheduling operations are sequence dependent, that is, the setup time depends on the sequencing of tasks/batches in the machine. Given the current industrial manufacturing trends and requirements such as high …

Autoren:
Fernando Charrua-Santos, Beatrice Paiva Santos, Cindy Calderón-Arce, Geovanni Figueroa-Mata, Tânia Miranda Lima

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Toward Privacy-Aware Healthcare Data Fusion Systems

Mobile wearable and sensor-enabled devices offer an opportunity for deluging unprecedented amount of health-related data that is beneficial in health and caregiving research. Fusing data ingested throughout various heterogeneous channels is …

Erschienen in: Gerontechnology (2019)
Autoren:
Isam Mashhour Al Jawarneh, Paolo Bellavista, Luca Foschini, Rebecca Montanari, Javier Berrocal, Juan M. Murillo

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Facial Recognition of Emotions with Smartphones to Improve the Elder Quality of Life

The increase in the elderly population today is a fact. This group of people needs day-to-day care due to their age and, in addition, they often have health problems. Technology can be used to mitigate these problem. However, it must be beared in …

Erschienen in: Gerontechnology (2019)
Autoren:
Sheila Bonilla, Enrique Moguel, Jose Garcia-Alonso

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Time-Aware Knowledge Graphs for Decision Making in the Building Industry

The phenomenal progress in the development of the Internet of Things (IoT) has already had tremendous impact on almost all industrial sectors and, finally, on our everyday life. The ongoing total digital transformation leads to entirely new …

Autoren:
Herwig Zeiner, Wolfgang Weiss, Roland Unterberger, Dietmar Maurer, Robert Jöbstl

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Exploiting the Knowledge of Dynamics, Correlations and Causalities in the Performance of Different Road Paths for Enhancing Urban Transport Management

The great abundance of multi-sensor traffic data (traditional traffic data sources - loops, cameras and radars accompanied or even replaced by the most recent - Bluetooth detectors, GPS enabled floating car data) although offering the chance to …

Autoren:
Glykeria Myrovali, Theodoros Karakasidis, Avraam Charakopoulos, Panagiotis Tzenos, Maria Morfoulaki, Georgia Aifadopoulou

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

e-Participation

There is a growing distance between citizens and their governments and the European Union this has led to a decline in voter turnout, a shrink in membership of political parties and a loss of interest in politics in general, especially by young …

Erschienen in: e-Democracy (2019)
Autor:
Alfredo M. Ronchi

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Comparing the Gear VR, Oculus Go, and Oculus Quest

In this chapter, we look at the key differences between the Gear VR, the Oculus Go, and the Oculus Quest (based on prerelease information and subject to change when it ships). Even though each one of these headsets runs on an Android operating …

Autor:
Cornel Hillmann

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Schlüsselfaktoren der Digitalisierung – Entwicklungen auf dem Weg in die digitale Zukunft

Wie entwickelt sich die digitale Kommunikation in den kommenden Jahren, welche Schlüsselfaktoren sind – oder werden – wichtig für diese Entwicklung? Wie wirken diese Faktoren auf die Menschen, wie wirkt sich der digitale Wandel auf die Teile der …

Autoren:
Thomas Schildhauer, Dieter Georg Adlmaier-Herbst, Jeanette Hofmann, Helmut Krcmar, Wolfgang Hünnekens, Daniel Michelis, Peter Friedrich Stephan, Anatoli Termer, Hilger Voss

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Die Bedeutung der Digitalisierung in der arbeitsmarktgerichteten Unternehmenskommunikation – eine explorative Stellenanzeigenanalyse für mittelständische Unternehmen

Besondere Impulse für die Digitalisierung liefern aktuell IT-Zukunftsthemen wie Cloud Computing, das Internet der Dinge, Industrie 4.0, Big Data, Data Science und Data Analytics. Diese transformationalen Informationstechnologien erfordern neue …

Autoren:
Frank Bensberg, Kai-Michael Griese, Andreas Schmidt

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Einleitung

Unter dem Begriff der Digitalisierung − oft auch als digitale Revolution bezeichnet − versteht man die Autonomisierung, Flexibilisierung und Individualisierung bestehender (Unternehmens-)Prozesse, die durch digitale Technologien und innovative …

Autor:
Marcus Stumpf

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Der Einsatz von Cloud Computing Lösungen: Was Entscheider wissen müssen

Die Digitalisierung hat einen immensen Einfluss auf die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung und hat mittlerweile sämtliche Lebensbereiche erfasst (Spindler 2018: 41). Die Geschäftsprozesse von Unternehmen verändern sich aufgrund des technologischen …

Autor:
Jill Round

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Threat Modeling and Analysis of Voice Assistant Applications

Voice assistant is an application that helps users to interact with their devices using voice commands in a more intuitive and natural manner. Recently, many voice assistant applications have been popularly deployed on smartphones and …

Autoren:
Geumhwan Cho, Jusop Choi, Hyoungshick Kim, Sangwon Hyun, Jungwoo Ryoo

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

ADSaS: Comprehensive Real-Time Anomaly Detection System

Since with massive data growth, the need for autonomous and generic anomaly detection system is increased. However, developing one stand-alone generic anomaly detection system that is accurate and fast is still a challenge. In this paper, we …

Autoren:
Sooyeon Lee, Huy Kang Kim

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Logarithm Design on Encrypted Data with Bitwise Operation

Privacy-preserving big data analysis on cloud systems is becoming increasingly indispensable as the amount of information of the individuals is accumulated on our database system. As a way of maintaining security on cloud system, Homomorphic …

Autoren:
Joon Soo Yoo, Baek Kyung Song, Ji Won Yoon

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Besonderheiten von internen Erhebungen mit Auslandsbezug

Heute werden nicht mehr ausschließlich Großunternehmen grenzüberschreitend tätig, auch mittelständische Unternehmen schließen immer häufiger Geschäfte in anderen Staaten. Dieser Grenzübertritt wirft in aller Regel Probleme auf, wie am Beispiel von …

Autor:
Oliver Jedynak

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Fazit

In Deutschland besteht eine faktische Pflicht zu Compliance – einer ausdrücklichen gesetzlichen Regelung zur Einrichtung eines Compliance-Systems bedarf es daher nicht.

Autor:
Oliver Jedynak

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Geoblocking als Gegenstand der Harmonisierung des europäischen Urheberrechts

Die beim Geoblocking bestehenden Rechtsunsicherheiten hat auch der europäische Gesetzgeber erkannt und befasst sich daher schon länger mit Problemen, die im Zusammenhang mit dem grenzüberschreitenden Zugriff auf urheberrechtlich geschützte Inhalte …

Autor:
Anna-Lena Wirz

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

TST Choice Properties Extruded Through Mediums of Construction

The Thriving Systems choice properties provide a lens through which the organizational and behavioral structure of an artefact can be examined and assessed. The properties reflect both objective (structural) and subjective (aesthetic) design …

Autor:
Leslie J. Waguespack

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Security Design Quality Named and Framed Through TST Choice Property Clusters

The previous chapter offered an exercise in “choice property affect” by illustrating the impact of strengthening a particular property individually in each of seven artefact domains. To explore the compounding of quality effects in property …

Autor:
Leslie J. Waguespack

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Ontology’s Role in Reflection-Driven Design

The discourse on design of thriving systems has thus far focused on the foundation of theory that examines the neurological, psychological, and sociological context of design – the case for metaphor’s essential role in ideation. To assume a …

Autor:
Leslie J. Waguespack

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Reflection-Driven Design

This chapter presents a recipe for design-as-a-verb as a reflective conversation. The recipe employs the medium of construction guided by a composite appreciative system of the invested stakeholders. The terms “recipe” and “conversation” steer …

Autor:
Leslie J. Waguespack

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Introduction

In the earliest documented attempt to articulate design quality, circa 30–20 BC, Vitruvius believed that an architect should focus on three central themes in preparing a design for the construction of a building: firmitas (strength), utilitas …

Autor:
Leslie J. Waguespack

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Meldepflichten nach DSGVO, ITSiG bzw. NIS-Richtlinie: Vorgaben und Prüfung

Menschen machen Fehler. Maschinen machen Fehler. Nolens volens kommt es in jeder Organisation irgendwann zu Sicherheits- oder Datenschutzvorfällen. In solchen Fällen ist derjenige im Vorteil, der vorbereitet ist. Eine Herausforderung liegt dabei …

Autor:
Aleksandra Sowa

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Innovation and Digital Transformation in the Automotive Industry

On the eve of the 2020s, the concept of “digital transformation” is discussed increasingly frequently in the car industry. It has brought about a profound change in the competition in all sectors of the economy, so this chapter examine how …

Autor:
Elena Candelo

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

A Cost-Effective Time-Constrained Multi-workflow Scheduling Strategy in Fog Computing

With the rapid development of Internet of Things and smart services, massive intelligent devices are accessing the cloud data centers, which can cause serious network congestion and high latency issues. Recently, fog computing becomes a popular …

Autoren:
Ruimiao Ding, Xuejun Li, Xiao Liu, Jia Xu
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