It is widely recognized that in many European countries public sector labor relations in the 1980s and 1990s have been exposed to two conflicting pressures. On the one hand, at a time of high public sector deficits and severe macro-economic constraints, national governments have sought ways to contain public expenditures, of which the wages and salaries of public service employees are one of the main components. Such constraints, of course, became even more severe after 1992 for many countries, because of the Maastricht eligibility criteria for admission to the third stage of the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). The provisions of the Pact on Stability and Growth, approved at the Amsterdam European Union Council of June 1997, suggest that these fiscal constraints are bound to continue.
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- Collective Bargaining in Western Europe
- Palgrave Macmillan UK