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04.11.2020 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 2/2021

Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment 2/2021

Comparative assessment of slope stability along road-cuts through rock slope classification systems in Kullu Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh, India

Zeitschrift:
Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment > Ausgabe 2/2021
Autoren:
Rahul Khanna, R. K. Dubey

Abstract

Evaluation of stability of artificial slopes created due to road construction in the mountainous terrain is very important but often a neglected aspect. The safe execution of road-cut slopes depends upon the level of understanding achieved in defining the engineering behaviour of rock masses with respect to its deformation and mechanical attributes. Understanding the realistic response of the rock mass to excavation of rock strata requires proper analysis related to influence of structural elements on their continuous characterization for facilitating safe and economical development of cut slopes along the road sections. In this paper structurally and non-structurally controlled rock slope classification systems are implemented to undertake comprehensive evaluation of stability of road-cut slopes. The work carried out involves collection of various inputs in form of rock mass and discontinuity characteristics from ten cut slopes along a road section in Kullu area, Himachal Pradesh, India. Rock samples were collected from site and laboratory testing has been undertaken to determine the intact rocks strength. Beside these, the kinematic analysis was performed to illustrate the geometrical relationship between various joint sets and the slope face so as to determine their failure mechanism. Several rock mass classification systems developed for rock slope stability assessment are evaluated for known slope conditions. The stability assessment for all identified cut slopes is compared using slope mass rating (SMR), Q-slope and slope stability rating (SSR) methods. Design charts proposed for various factor of safety values have been utilized to evaluate the stability of studied road-cut slopes. Finally, a slope wise comparison is made between the stable angles predicted by SSR with those recommended by Q-slope method.

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