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Currently, most of studies on China’s energy demand and consumption took the huge country as a whole. As China is a huge country composed of more than 30 administrative regions with different scales, structures and intensities of energy consumption, this manuscript revealed the regional disparities in energy consumption of China’s 30 provinces. Based on a hybrid energy input-output model, the total energy consumption of different regions was decomposed and compared using three measurements of embodied energy in inter-regional trade: (1) only inter-regional energy trade was considered; (2) embodied energy in flow-out of final goods and services was considered; (3) embodied energy in flow-in of final goods and services was considered. According to the results of the second and third measurements, the 30 regions were categorized into four groups by their energy intensity and per capita GDP. This manuscript discussed the common characteristics of decomposed regional energy intensity, and provided policy implication for regional energy conservation. The results implicated that for developed regions with low energy intensities, such as Shanghai, energy conservation should focus on promoting low energy-consuming life style. For under-developed regions with low energy intensities, such as Guangxi, economic development is more urgent than energy conservation. For developing and energy absorbing regions, improving energy efficiency in industries is significant. For developing and energy exporting regions, transforming primary energy into high value-added products would be beneficial for economic development and energy conservation.
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- Comparison of Decomposed Regional Energy Consumption in China
- Chapter 11