Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
This chapter considers water reform in the context of resources industries particularly coal seam gas (CSG) and mining in Queensland, Australia and Wyoming, USA. We start with federal level guidance relating to governance of water in the CSG and mining resources industries then focus on reform measures taken in Queensland comparing these with measures in Wyoming. Contrary to national water policy, Queensland’s petroleum and gas activities were designated as exceptions to the water permitting process and given a statutory right to water. As a safeguard, environmental impacts are addressed mainly through obligations to monitor, report and manage impacts including using ‘make good’ obligations to neighbouring landholders. Recent litigation illustrates how a bifurcated legislative framework, where issues of quality and quantity are separately assessed, proved a barrier to substantive consideration of the impact of development, in this case mineral extraction, on underground water. The statutory right to take water has now been extended to the mining industry. Although the regulatory intent is for adaptive management of the water resource, regulatory change in Queensland appears to be reactionary to immediate concerns. In both Queensland and Wyoming, it has proved difficult to introduce and implement a water governance model that promotes sustainability.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Agriculture, Resources and Environment Parliamentary Committee. (2014). Water Reform and Other Legislation Amendment Bill 2014, Report No. 52. http://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/documents/tableOffice/TabledPapers/2014/5414T6459.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Australian Government. (2014). Budget Paper No. 2 - Budget Measures, Budget 2014–2015. http://budget.gov.au/2014-15/. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Bryner, G. (2004). Coalbed methane development in the Intermountain West: Producing energy and protecting water. Wyoming Law Review 4(2), 541–557. 541- Wyoming Law Review.
Comino, M., Tan, P.-L., & George, D. (2014). Between the cracks: Water governance in Queensland, Australia and potential cumulative impacts from mining coal seam gas. Journal of Water Law,23(6), 219–228.
Commonwealth of Australia and the State of Queensland. (2009). A Bilateral Agreement Between the Commonwealth and the State of Queensland Under section 45 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 Relating to Environmental Assessment. https://www.environment.gov.au/system/files/pages/b44206bc-d8e5-450b-a05e-4d7c26d8afa1/files/qld-bliateral-agreement-assessment-amended-2014.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Connell, D. (2007). Water politics in the Murray-Darling Basin. Leichhardt: Federation Press.
Council of Australian Governments. (1994). Water Reform Framework. Extracts from Council of Australian Governments: Hobart, 25 February 1994 Communique.
Crank, P. (2006). Formal Opinion No. 2006-001. (Attorney General of Wyoming, April 12, 2006) http://www.powderriverbasin.org/assets/Uploads/files/testimonies/opinionattorneygeneralapril122006.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Darin, T. F. (2002). Waste or wasted? Rethinking the regulation of coalbed methane byproduct water in the Rocky Mountains: A comparative analysis of approaches to coalbed methane produced water quantity. Legal issues in Utah, New Mexico, Colorado, Montana and Wyoming. Journal of Environmental Law and Litigation 17(2): 281–341.
Davies, P. J., Gore, D. B., & Khan, S. J. (2015). Managing produced water from coal seam gas projects: implications for an emerging industry in Australia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research,22(14), 10981–11000. CrossRef
Department of Natural Resources and Mines. Undated. Announced Entitlements and Announced Allocations’. https://www.business.qld.gov.au/industry/water/managing-accessing/accessing-water/authorisations/announced-entitlements. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Environmental Defenders Office Queensland. (2014). Submission No. 40 on the WROLA. (2014). https://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/documents/committees/AREC/2014/26-WaterReformOLA14/submissions/040EDOQ.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Environmental Defenders Office Queensland. (2016). Submission No. 28 on the EPOLA. (2016). https://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/documents/committees/AEC/2016/12EPUWMOLAB2016/submissions/028.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Explanatory Notes to the Water Reform and Other Legislation Amendment Bill. (2014). https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/Bills/54PDF/2014/WaterReformOLAB14E.pdf. Retrieved February 2 2017.
Folke, C., Carpenter, S. R., Walker, B., Scheffer, M., Chapin, T., Rockstrom, J. (2010). Resilience thinking: integrating resilience, adaptability and transformability. Ecology and Society, 15(4), 20. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss4/art20/. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Gross, C., & Dumaresq, D. (2014). Taking the longer view: Timescales, fairness and a forgotten story of irrigation in Australia. Journal of Hydrology,519, 2483–2492. CrossRef
Geoscience Australia. Undated. Surat Basin. http://www.ga.gov.au/scientific-topics/energy/province-sedimentary-basin-geology/petroleum/onshore-australia/surat-basin. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Geoscience Australia and BREE. (2014). Australian energy resources assessment. 2nd edn. Canberra, Australia. Geoscience Australia. ISBN 978-1-925124-22-4 (web). https://d28rz98at9flks.cloudfront.net/79675/79675_AERA.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Guest, C. (2017). Sharing the water – one hundred years of River Murray politic. Canberra: Murray Darling Basin Commission. ISBN 978 1 925599 04 6.
Hancock, S., & Wolkersdorfer, C. (2012). Renewed demands for mine water management. Mine Water Environment,31(2), 147–158. CrossRef
Herlihy, C. S. (2009). Trading water for gas: Application of the public interest review to coalbed methane produced water discharge in Wyoming. Wyoming Law Review,9(2), 455–482.
Independent Expert Scientific Committee on Coal Seam Gas and Large Coal Mining Development. (2016). The IESC. http://iesc.environment.gov.au/iesc. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Jensen, T. (2010). Water issues in jurisdictional planning for mining: an overview of current practice- Waterlines Report. National Water Commission. ISBN 978-1-921107-99-3. http://www.mdba.gov.au/kid/files/1016%20-%20update_Water_issues_in_jurisdictional_planning_for_mining.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Kwasniak, A. J. (2007). Waste not want not: A comparative analysis and critique of legal rights to use and re-use produced water - Lessons from Alberta. University of Denver Law Review,10(2), 357–390.
Lock the Gate Alliance. (2014). Submission No. 42 on the WROLA 2014. https://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/documents/committees/AREC/2014/26-WaterReformOLA14/submissions/042LTG.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
MacDonnell, L. J. (2014). The development of Wyoming water law. Wyoming Law Review,14(2), 327–378.
MacDonnell, L. J. (2015). Prior appropriation: A reassessment. Denver Water Law Review,18(2), 228–311.
MacKinnon, A. (2006). Historic and future challenges in western water law: The case of Wyoming. Wyoming Law Review,6(2), 291–330.
MacKinnon, A., & Fox, K. (2006). Demanding beneficial use: Opportunities and obligations for Wyoming regulators in coalbed methane. Wyoming Law Review,6(2), 369–400.
McGrath, Christopher James. (2016). Major Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Processes in Queensland. http://envlaw.com.au/wp-content/uploads/Handout-for-lecture-5-EIA-processes-1.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Mudd, M. B. (2012). Montana v Wyoming: An opportunity to right the course for coalbed methane development and prior appropriation. Golden Gate University Environmental Law Journal,5, 297–341.
National Water Commission. (2010). Position Statement Coal Seam Gas Water. Australian Government. http://webarchive.nla.gov.au/gov/20160615065541/, http://archive.nwc.gov.au/library/position/coal-seam-gas. Retrieved April 10 2017.
National Water Commission. (2014a). National Water Commission Assessment of the 2004 National Water Initiative Part 1. https://web.archive.org/web/20150310211643/, http://nwc.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/37673/Part-1-accessible-PDF-for-web-NWC-Australias-water-blueprint_national-reform-assessment-2014.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
National Water Commission. (2014b). Water for Mining and Unconventional Gas under the National Water Initiative. https://web.archive.org/web/20160302162506/, http://nwc.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/37691/Water-for-mining-and-unconventional-gas-under-the-National-Water-Initiative.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
National Water Initiative, Commonwealth of Australia and the Governments of New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory. (2004). Intergovernmental Agreement on a National Water Initiative. http://webarchive.nla.gov.au/gov/20130904113546/, http://www.environment.gov.au/water/australia/nwi/index.html. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Nelson, R. L. (2012) Unconventional gas and produced water. In Australia’s unconventional energy options, ed. Committee for Economic Development in Australia (CEDA). ISBN: 0 85801 282 0. http://adminpanel.ceda.com.au/folders/Service/Files/Documents/15347~cedaunconventionalenergyfinal.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Office of Groundwater Impact Assessment (OGIA). (2016). Underground Water Impact Report for the Surat Cumulative Basin Management Area. https://www.dnrm.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/345616/uwir-surat-basin-2016.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Papas, M. (2015). The way forward: Are further changes to Australian water governance inevitable. Environmental and Planning Law Journal,32(1), 75–90.
Pigram, J. J. (2006). Australia’s water resources: from use to management. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 9780643094420 (pbk.).
Powell, J. M. (1989). Water the garden state: water, land and community in Victoria 1834–1988. Sydney: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 0043640249.
Queensland Competition Authority. (2014). Coal Seam Gas Review- Final Report. http://www.qca.org.au/getattachment/aaaeab4b-519f-4a95-8a65-911bc46cc1d3/CSG-investigation.aspx. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Queensland Hansard. (2004). Ministerial Statement on the Coal Seam Gas Industry by the Hon S Robertson on 12 May 2004, at pp. 881–882 https://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/documents/hansard/2004/2004_05_12_WEEKLY.pdf. Retrieved February 2 2017.
Queensland Hansard. (2014). Ministerial Introduction of the Water Reform and Other Legislation Amendment Bill by the Hon A P Cripps, 11 September 2014, pp. 3258–3262. https://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/work-of-assembly/sitting-dates/dates/2014/2014-09-11 Retrieved April 10 2017.
Queensland Resources Council. (2014). Submission No. 41 on the WROLA 2014. https://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/documents/committees/AREC/2014/26-WaterReformOLA14/submissions/041QRC.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Queensland Resources Council. (2015). Submission No. 65 on the WLAB 2015. https://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/documents/committees/IPNRC/2015/WLAB2015/submissions/065.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Senate Rural Affairs and Transport References Committee (2011). Management of the Murray Darling Basin, Interim report: the impact of mining coal seam gas on the management of the Murray Darling Basin. ISBN 978-1-74229-559-6. http://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/Senate/Rural_and_Regional_Affairs_and_Transport/Completed%20inquiries/2012-13/mdb/interimreport/index. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee. (2013). The management of the Murray-Darling Basin. ISBN 978-1-74229-781-1.
Smith, D. I. (1998). Water in Australia: Resources and Management. Melbourne: Oxford University Press Australia.
Stoeckel, K., Webb, R., Woodward, L., & Hankinson, A. (2012). Australian water law. Pyrmont Australia: Thomson Reuters (Professional) Australia Limited. ISBN 9780455228679 (pbk.).
Tan, P.-L. (2006). Legislating for adequate participation in allocation of water in Australia. Water International,31, 21–22. CrossRef
Tan, P.-L., Baldwin, C., White, I., & Burry, K. (2012). Water planning in the Condamine Alluvium, Queensland: Sharing information and eliciting views in a context of overallocation. Journal of Hydrology,474(12), 38–46. CrossRef
Tan, P.-L., George, D., & Comino, M. (2015). Cumulative risk management, coal seam gas, sustainable water, and agriculture in Australia. International Journal of Water Resources Development,31(4), 682–700. CrossRef
Valorz, N. J. (2010). The need for codification of Wyoming’s Coal Bed Methane produced groundwater laws. Wyoming Law Review,10(1), 115–140.
Walker, B., C. S. Holling, S. R. Carpenter and A Kinzig. (2004). Resilience, adaptability and transformability in social-ecological systems. Ecology and Society 9(2), 5. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss2/art5/. Accessed 10 April 2017.
Wilderness Society (2014). Submission No. 25 on WROLA 2014. https://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/documents/committees/AREC/2014/26-WaterReformOLA14/submissions/025WSQ.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Williams, J., Stubbs, T., Milligan, A. (2012). An analysis of coal seam gas production and natural resource management in Australia Issues and ways forward. https://www.aie.org.au/AIE/Documents/Oil_Gas_121114.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
World Wildlife Fund- Australia. (2014). Submission No. 38 on WROLA 2014. https://www.parliament.qld.gov.au/documents/committees/AREC/2014/26-WaterReformOLA14/submissions/038WWF.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Wyoming State Engineer’s Office. (2004). Guidance: CBM/Ground Water Permits. https://2ce3bd20-a-84cef9ff-s-sites.googlegroups.com/a/wyo.gov/seo/seo-files/CBM%20Guidance%2004.pdf?attachauth=ANoY7coLZ-J0NhqgrPhjtsf2kOI8nxXAXPUQFYVRkOkhfwrIcEZrXgfn1S58fiVCLsDOvAhFcmeLPhwzf2luRp-xED95_73R2aKNyRuiAe79A7ujiUwRof1FfMzjMp7kplw3Y0Bg1YYOtznJaUWCLNjNvIh-kV8SZC3g9pfYZtUPIm14cq5r89sUsa0oTr1P_NpNDFn-FMhIa3Dub0g4m5gmak4Yam-Ptw%3D%3D&attredirects=0>. Accessed 10 April 2017.
Wyoming State Engineer’s Office. (2011). 2011 Annual Report. (October 1, 2010 through September 30, 2011). https://2ce3bd20-a-84cef9ff-s-sites.googlegroups.com/a/wyo.gov/seo/seo-files/2011AnnualReport.pdf?attachauth=ANoY7crAkRq0-GVEBrwh90LAtGqbeGd2qtuU8VFvAIo2TW6sVD2GFxHkcYfXlGit3zrcCb0rynOO_a6dXraVclPtpo1hCYNZnSOgm_nxgS4chSbRaXndxKSIs4dIdRCm-9uZZjdan4HkcwNfwT9g5BzBM8Defzu-z2eumkwokIpnWlYtjzpiN1UGlW1OvsFDk8CcsGbuWDkaQXf4z_MJ8PuEoB5Acl8R5g%3D%3D&attredirects=0. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Wyoming State Engineer’s Office (2012). 2012 Annual Report. (October 1, 2011 – September 31, 2012). https://2ce3bd20-a-84cef9ff-s-sites.googlegroups.com/a/wyo.gov/seo/seo-files/2012AnnualReport.pdf?attachauth=ANoY7cr7PoXeHpcg3xYdZ_6DyozdzZ9OndX1YjLNcdtURlcK9boPL-aA0ttCz4TmoQX4BcrL1E2KtfWU7S_xKoUkD6o5N-Zmjb9PNZbFsqwULdwFgVsC6S4EeEhuQ8JW7h3MdFRt1hl1atsBnONHXJKSYroRWiN0n7NvTpv8fl-juB_acWlszMEj4a6nS2UadQPOIG50Fd5tTw2gVsWoDpn4pruUF4g2fQ%3D%3D&attredirects=0. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Coast and Country Association of Queensland Inc v Smith & Ors (2015) QSC 260.
Coast and Country Association of Queensland Inc v Smith & Ors (2016) QCA 242.
Gartner v Kidman (1962) 108 CLR 12 at 23.
Hancock Coal Pty Ltd v Kelly & Ors and Department of Environment and Heritage Protection (No. 4) (2014) QLC 12.
Mabo v Queensland (No.2) (1992) 175 CLR 1.
Xstrata Coal Qld Pty Ltd v Friends of the Earth (2012) QLC 13.
Farm Investment Co. v Carpenter 9 Wyo 110, 61 P. 258 at 260 (Wyo. 1900).
William F West Ranch v Tyrrell 206 P.3d 722 (2009), Supreme Court of Wyoming.
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cth).
Water Reform and Other Legislation Amendment Bill 2014.https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/Bills/54PDF/2014/WaterReformOLAB14.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Environmental Protection (Underground Water Management) and Other Legislation Amendment Bill 2016.https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/Bills/55PDF/2016/B16_0114_EnvironmentalProUWMOLAB16.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Acts and Regulations:
Environmental Protection Act 1994 (Qld). https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/CURRENT/E/EnvProtA94.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Environmental Protection (Underground Water Management) and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2016 (Qld). https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/ACTS/2016/16AC061.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Mineral Resources Act 1989 (Qld) , Reprint dated 27 September 2016. https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/SUPERSED/M/MineralReA89_160927.pdf. Accessed 10 April 2017.
Mineral Resources Act 1989 (Qld). https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/CURRENT/M/MineralReA89.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004 (Qld). https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/CURRENT/P/PetrolmGasA04.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Petroleum and Gas (Production and Safety) Act 2004 (Qld) Reprint 1. https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/SUPERSED/P/PetrolmGasA04_001_041231.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Petroleum Act 1923 (Qld) reprint 6. https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/SUPERSED/P/PetrolmA23_006_041231.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Regional Planning Interests Act 2014 (Qld). https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/CURRENT/R/RegionPlanIntA14.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Rights in Water and Water Conservation and Utilization Act of 1910 (1 GEO, No.25).http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/qld/hist_act/riwawcauao19101gvn25652/. Retrieved April 10 2017.
State Development and Public Works Organisation Act 1971 (Qld). https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/CURRENT/S/StateDevA71.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Water Act 2000 (Qld). https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/CURRENT/W/WaterA00.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Water Reform and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2014 (Qld). https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/ACTS/2014/14AC064.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Water Regulation 2002 (Qld). https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/REPEALED/W/WaterR02_160701.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Water Regulation 2016 (Qld). https://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/CURRENT/W/WaterR16.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Safe Drinking Water Act (also known as Title XIV of the Public Health Service Act: Safety of Public Water Systems; 42 USC §300f et seq.) https://www.epa.gov/sdwa/title-xiv-public-health-service-act-safety-public-water-systems-safe-drinking-water-act. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Clean Water Act (also known as the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments 1972) 33 USC §1251 et seq). https://www.epa.gov/laws-regulations/summary-clean-water-act. Retrieved April 10 2017.
‘Water- beneficial use,’ SF0126 (2011) 11LSO-0544. http://legisweb.state.wy.us/2011/Introduced/SF0126.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
‘Water- beneficial use,’ SF0076 (2012) 12LSO-0277. http://legisweb.state.wy.us/2012/Introduced/SF0076.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
‘Water development amendments,’ SF0122 (2017) 17LSO-0475. http://legisweb.state.wy.us/2017/Engross/SF0122.pdf. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Wyoming Constitution. http://legisweb.state.wy.us/LSOWEB/StatutesDownload.aspx. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Wyoming Statute Title 30 chapter 5 (Oil and Gas). http://legisweb.state.wy.us/LSOWEB/StatutesDownload.aspx. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Wyoming Statute Title 41 (Water). http://legisweb.state.wy.us/LSOWEB/StatutesDownload.aspx. Retrieved April 10 2017.
Environmental Quality Act (Wyoming Statutes Title 35 Chap. 11). http://legisweb.state.wy.us/LSOWEB/StatutesDownload.aspx. Retrieved April 10 2017.
- Compromising Confidence? Water, Coal Seam Gas and Mining Governance Reform in Queensland and Wyoming
- Springer Singapore
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© BBL, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, Neuer Inhalt/© hww, Neuer Inhalt/© julien tromeur | Fotolia