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Über dieses Buch

This book contains an edited selection of the papers accepted for presentation and discussion at the first International Symposium on Qualitative Research (ISQR2016), held in Porto, Portugal, July 12th-14th, 2016. The book and the symposium features the four main application fields Education, Health, Social Sciences and Engineering and Technology and seven main subjects: Rationale and Paradigms of Qualitative Research (theoretical studies, critical reflection about epistemological dimensions, ontological and axiological); Systematization of approaches with Qualitative Studies (literature review, integrating results, aggregation studies, meta -analysis, meta- analysis of qualitative meta- synthesis, meta- ethnography); Qualitative and Mixed Methods Research (emphasis in research processes that build on mixed methodologies but with priority to qualitative approaches); Data Analysis Types (content analysis , discourse analysis , thematic analysis , narrative analysis , etc.); Innovative processes of Qualitative Data Analysis (design analysis, articulation and triangulation of different sources of data – images, audio, video); Qualitative Research in Web Context (eResearch, virtual ethnography, interaction analysis , latent corpus on the internet, etc.); Qualitative Analysis with Support of Specific Software (usability studies, user experience, the impact of software on the quality of research.



Research through Design: Qualitative Analysis to Evaluate the Usability

The present need to identify and understand non-measurable/non-quantifiable of the user experience with software has been the moto for may researchers in the area of Human Computer Interaction (HCI) to adopt qualitative methods. On the other hand, the use of qualitative analysis to support software has been growing. The integration of these types of tools in research is accompanied by an increase in the number of software packages available. Depending on the design and research questions, researchers can explore various solutions available in the market. Thus, it is urgent to ensure that these tools, apart from containing the necessary functionality for the purposes of research projects, are also usable. This study presents an assessment of the usability of the qualitative data analysis software webQDA® (version 2.0). To assess its usability, Content Analysis was used. The results indicate that the current version is “acceptable” in terms of usability, as users, in general, show a positive perception is perceived from users with completed PhDs as compared to those who are still doing their PhDs; no relevant differences can be found between the views obtained from different professional or research areas, although a more positive assessment may be drawn from Education and Teaching. Suggestions for future studies are put forward, even though we recognise that, in spite of most studies on usability defining quantitative metrics, the present study is offered as a contribution that aims to show that qualitative analysis has a great potential to deepen various dimensions of usability and functional and emotional interrelationships that are not by any means quantifiable.
António Pedro Costa, Francislê Neri de Sousa, António Moreira, Dayse Neri de Souza

Understanding Participatory Policymaking Processes: Discourse Analysis in Psychosociological Action Research

Worldwide participatory policymaking with civil society has become a case in point for new patterns of governance at different levels. The enhancement of public services’ quality compels intertwined challenges to participants, be they citizens, politicians, or civil servants. Given the limited attention that scientific literature has paid to understanding how roles and functions of civil servants are demanded to change through participatory processes, an exploratory action research was run in 2012 with 29 civil servants of the Municipality of Lisbon. Civil servants were all engaged in—at least—one of the four participatory processes run by the administration at that time: Participatory Budget; Bip/Zip; Local Agenda 21; Simplis. The action research was aimed at grasping the psychological change-driven dynamics played between these subjects, with the support of psychosociological theories and methods. Focusing on the analysis of the discourse, as one of the methods employed towards this end, this text focuses on the specific methodological apparatus of the discourse analysis approach. This contribution will hopefully open to further studies on discourse analysis in action research, and enhance the overall debate on the employment of qualitative methods in participatory policymaking studies.
Roberto Falanga

Combined Use of Software that Supports Research and Qualitative Data Analysis: Potential Applications for Researches in Education

This article analyzes the potential applications of the articulation between software programs designed to investigate and analyze qualitative data similarities on researches in the education field. The first part of this article discusses the context and the meta-ethnographic process. Next, it explores the use and articulation of software programs designed to support qualitative research, namely webQDA and CHIC. The third part presents the weaving of the meta-ethnographic analysis. The final remarks focus on the integration of this study’s findings, synthesis and conceptualization, combined with the acknowledgment of the contributions derived from the articulated use of both programs to develop this research.
Katia Alexandra de Godoi e Silva, Maria Elizabeth Bianconcini de Almeida

Use of the Software IRAMUTEQ in Qualitative Research: An Experience Report

This article describes the experience of the use of the software IRAMUTEQ to support qualitative research, and thus concepts and some characteristics of the software are addressed to aid in understanding and to illustrate its features. The observations come from two surveys carried out in the city of Curitiba, which were centered on the vulnerability of and the promotion of a healthy lifestyle to adolescent students. The tool enabled the organization of data collected from the participants’ speeches acquired through semi-structured interviews. Both studies went through the same steps in the processing of the data from the interviews because, initially, they were transcribed for the preparation of the corpus of each of the studies so as to be inserted in the software. Categorization of the data was performed using Descending Hierarchical Classification (DHC). This tool allowed us to show and confirm the thematic categories in the same way that it added quality to the presentation and supported the results.
Maria Marta Nolasco Chaves, Ana Paula Rodrigues dos Santos, Neusa Pereira dos Santosa, Liliana Müller Larocca

Implementation of Focus Group in Health Research

Focus groups are a tool for the collection of information that allow to understand the participants’ perspective about phenomena that surround them from the approach of the qualitative methodology, moving forward in deepening in their experiences, opinions and meanings. In recent years, an increase in the use of this technique has taken place in the field of health sciences. This article presents the main points to be considered in terms of planning, organization and analysis of collected data by means of focus groups, through the presentation of three examples applied in different studies related to health research, in the pursuit of a systematization and objectification which encourage a greater accuracy in the use of this tool in fields related to psychosciences and their field researches.
M. C. Sánchez-Gómez, M. V. Martín-Cilleros

The Informal Intercultural Mediator Nurse in Obstetrics Care

Cultural practices linked to maternity require profound knowledge and respect for each woman and for what they consider as making sense in their experience of becoming a mother. However, the same senses are not always shared by the participants, justifying the need for intercultural mediation. The aim of this study was to understand the intercultural mediation in nursing care in obstetrics. It is a qualitative study, using the semi-structured interview to 15 obstetric nurses and analysis of the content supported by NVivo 10. Emerging categories were: meaning attributed to the intercultural mediation, principles of intercultural mediation; functions of informal intercultural mediator nurses, and reasons for intercultural mediation in obstetrics. We conclude that although in their clinical practice in obstetrics, nurses sometimes exercise informal intercultural mediator functions; they need training in intercultural mediation, which is evident from the opinions of the participants.
Emília Coutinho, Vitória Parreira, Brígida Martins, Cláudia Chaves, Paula Nelas

Potentialities of Atlas.ti for Data Analysis in Qualitative Research in Nursing

ATLAS.ti is a program used to organize and manage qualitative research data. The present study aims at describing the application of ATLAS.ti in two instances, highlighting its potentialities and limitations for data analysis. This is a user experience of ATLAS.ti (Archivfuer Technik Lebensweltund Alltagssprache) for the analysis of qualitative data of a dissertation and a thesis in nursing. The software proved to be an efficient tool to organize, capture and analyse data; it provided the researchers with an overview of the findings during the analytical process and helped in the optimization of time. Its limitations relate to difficulties concerning characteristics of the data analysis method, the need for training and purchasing of the program. The authors concluded that an important tool for data analysis in qualitative research.
Maria José Menezes Brito, Carolina da Silva Caram, Lívia Cozer Montenegro, Lilian Cristina Rezende, Heloiza Maria Siqueira Rennó, Flávia Regina Souza Ramos

Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software. Using the NVivo and Atlas.ti in the Research Projects Based on the Methodology of Grounded Theory

Our presentation raises the matter of the application of specialist software which assists qualitative data analysis in research based on the procedures of grounded theory (GT) methodology. The aim is to present the relationships between the procedures of GT methodology and the Atlas.ti and NVivo software. During our presentation, we would like to demonstrate the manner in which the functions available in the Atlas.ti and NVivo software may be applied when carrying out analysis based on GT methodology. Hence, while we focus on technical issues (collecting, editing, segregating and ordering the data), we also look at the analytical possibilities (the process of coding, searching in respect of codes, writing memos, creating relationships between the codes, establishing a network view) of the presented software.
Jakub Niedbalski, Izabela Ślęzak

Unpacking the Relationship Between Learning to Read and Mental Health: Using an Ethnographic Case Study Approach

Many children and youth who struggle to read experience the effects in both their school lives and their personal lives. Learning to read can and often does have benefits that extend well beyond the classroom. This multi-method, multi-perspective qualitative study follows three boys as they transition from struggling readers to more competent readers while participating in an intensive reading intervention. The purpose of this study is to further our understanding of the relationship between improved ability to read, and mental health. Dynamic stories are told about the three boys through ethnographic observations, and formal and informal interviews, with data provided by the reading instructors, classroom teachers, parents, the researcher, and the students themselves. The findings clearly show that learning to read has more than academic merit with a discernible impact on the mental health of the three boys who had once struggled to read.
Jenn de Lugt, Nancy Hutchinson

Reverse Logistics Companies’ Perspective: A Qualitative Analysis

Reverse Logistics has been object of great interest essentially in the consumer’s culture change, in the competitiveness and in the increased environmental, and obviously due to its economic potential. In Portugal, Reverse Logistics is an unfamiliar word in the business world, specifically in SMEs. The present research focus to describe the Portuguese companies’ standpoint and knowledge based on two aspects: the concept and the return of products. To verify the different companies’ perspectives, semi structured interviews were applied in ten Portuguese Companies, of different size and in diverse industrial sectors. The qualitative data analysis was developed with the support of the webQDA software. The interviews analysis gave the opportunity to understand that large companies are aware of Reverse Logistics, in contrast to the SMEs’ scarce knowledge. Related to the Reverse Logistics strategies applied to the product returns, this research has showed that the reuse of the products or their sale to the scrap or recycling industries as the most common strategies, although some particularities depending on the type of industry.
Mélodine Gonçalves, Ângela Silva, Celina P. Leão

E-mentoring: A Content Analysis Design

Through a project ERASMUS+, named CommonS, has been implemented a platform were it will be possible to create communities of practice and e-mentoring to help on the development of soft skills. This tool could help higher education institutions to respond to the need of recruiters and companies on these skills development and prepare students to be working ready graduates. In this paper it is operationalized a data analysis type, specifically a design of content analysis, to implement with the data that will be collected inside each e-mentoring project. Being e-mentoring a new phenomenon to the people involved, our aim is to understand how it works and identify the best practices.
Isabel Pereira, Rita Cadima, Hugo Menino, Inês Araújo

Occupational Therapy’s Intervention on Mental Health: Perception of Clients and Occupational Therapists About Intervention Priorities

Literature points out that not always the intervention priorities considered by clients meet with those outlined by Occupational Therapists (OT). The intervention of OT in Mental Health aims to understand how occupations are amended in accordance with client expectations. The research here described seeks to understand the perception of clients and OT on intervention priorities, trying to determine whether there is compliance between the views. Within a qualitative approach was carried out a descriptive and exploratory case study with data triangulation from different sources. Software aided content analysis technique was used for the interpretation of data obtained through semi-structured interviews. OT and clients have differing views regarding intervention and its priorities. While the OT prioritize habits and routines, especially related to the ADL and IADL, customers give special focus to problem solving. It was found that clients are not fully satisfied for not being allowed to work for individual goals.
Jaime Ribeiro, Pedro Bargão Rodrigues, Ana Marques, Andreia Firmino, Sandra Lavos


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