Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Regional and international trade integration is crucial for the socio-economic and political transformation of West Africa. Inter-regional trade among countries in the continent grew to 15 per cent in the last decades; exports grew much faster at more than 15 per cent. Regional economic integration globally advances growth as well as development through job creation, political cooperation, and a more aggressive intra-regional trade. During the global recession, many of the regions that were integrated economically showed accelerated growth and resilience in regional trade. Thus, Africa’s integration into the global markets, especially with Europe, is expected to improve and so is its trade relations with other continents, including its relations with the United States, which will gain greater acceleration. The regional blocks of the East, South, and West African nations are at the forefront in the area of intra-regional trade. ECOWAS and SADC are part of the five regional communities that have done so much in regional integration on the continent. Trade among African countries has also led to competitive markets among these countries. Based on this background, the purpose of this chapter is to articulate a strategy that allows for effective participation by all West Africans in the regional trade and development process. This requires the implementation of a strategy which will be more effective if carried out at the local levels in a bottom-top approach (like the Saemaul Undong Movement SUM).
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Berdegue, J. A. (2005). Pro-poor Innovation Systems: Background Paper. Washington, DC: IFAD.
Brooks, S., & Loevinsohn, M. (2011). Shaping Agricultural Innovation Systems Responsive to Food Insecurity and Climate Change. Natural Resources Forum, 35(2011), 185–200. CrossRef
Deen-Swarray, M., Adekunle, B., & Odularu, G. O. (2011). The Role of Infrastructure Development in Facilitating Regional Trade Integration. A Funded Research Prepared and Submitted for the ECOWAS Journal of West African Integration (JWAI).
Department of Communities and Local Government & Department of Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform. (2009). Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Bill: Policy Document on Regional Strategies. London: Communities and Local Government Publications. www.communities.gov.uk.
Edquist, C. (1997). Systems of Innovation: Techniques, Institutions and Organizations. London: Printer.
Estache, A. (2008). Infrastructure and Development: A Survey of Recent and Upcoming Issues. In F. Bourguignon & B. Pleskovic (Eds.), Rethinking Infrastructure for Development. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Foster, V., & Garmendia, C. B. (Eds.). (2010). Africa’s Infrastructure – A Time for Transformation. Washington, DC: Works Bank.
Freeman, C. (1995). The National System of Innovation in Historical Perspective. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 19(1), 5–24.
Hall, A. (2005). Capacity Development of Agricultural Biotechnology in Developing Countries: An Innovation Systems View of What it is and How to Develop it. Journal of International Development, 17(5), 611–630. CrossRef
Hasan, P. (2008). Korean Development: A World Bank Economist Remembers and Reflects, mimeo.
Hong, D., Ko, S., & Volynets, A. (2007). Information and Communications Technologies for a Knowledge-Based Economy. In J. Suh & D. H. C. Chen (Eds.), Korea as a Knowledge Economy (pp. 79–105). Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Juma, C. (2010). The New Harvest: Agricultural Innovation in Africa. New York: Oxford University Press. 296p.
Khan, H. A. (2010). Development Strategies: Lessons from the Experiences of South Korea, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. UNU-WIDER Working Paper No. 2010/10.
Kim, Chung-yum. (1994). Policymaking on the Front Lines: Memoirs of a Korean Practitioner, 1945 – 79. Washington, DC: Economic Development Institute of the World Bank.
Lim, W. (2010). ‘Joint Discovery and Upgrading of Comparative Advantage: Lessons from Korea’s Development Experience’. Paper prepared for the Korea-World Bank High-Level Conference on Post-Crisis Growth and Development, co-hosted by the Korean Presidential Committee for the G-20 Summit and the World Bank and Organized by the Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP), on June 4, 2010 in Busan, Korea. CrossRef
Odularu, G. O. (2013). An Economic Development Strategy for West Africa: Lessons and Policy Direction. Faculty of Business and Law, University of Sunderland, North East England, United Kingdom. Available online: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.640872
Odularu, G. & Adekunle, B. (Eds.). (2017). Negotiating South-South Regional Trade Agreements: Economic Opportunities and Policy Directions for Africa. Springer. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-45569-3#toc
Pritchett, L. (2001). Where Has All the Education Gone? The World Bank Economic Review, 15(3), 367–391. CrossRef
Pritchett, L., & Summers, L. H. (1996). Wealthier is Healthier. Journal of Human Resources, 31(4), 841–868. CrossRef
Ranis, G., Stewart, F., & Ramirez, A. (2000). Economic Growth and Human Development. World Development, 28(2), 197–219. CrossRef
Rogers, E. M. (2005). Diffusion of Innovations. New York: Free Press.
Ruttan, V. (2005). Scientific and Technical Constraints on Agricultural Production: Prospects for the Future. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 149(4), 453–468.
Seung-Hun Chun, Gill-Hang Huh, Chull Yoo, & Mi-Ae Choi. (2007). Rural Development for Poverty Reduction in Africa: By Focusing on Transfer of Korea’s Experience of Agriculture Development. Seoul: Korea Institute of International Economic Policy (KIEP).
Teravaninthorn, S., & Raballand, G. (2009). Transport Prices and Costs in Africa. Washington, DC: The World Bank.
UNECA-OECD. (2012). A Mutual Review of Development Effectiveness in Africa’s Promise and Performance (MRDE 2012). Paris, France. Available online at: http://www.mrde-africa.org/dataoecd/40/21/50362685.pdf
UNECA/AUC/AfDB’s. (2011). Assessing Regional Integration in Africa (ARIA) IV – ‘Enhancing Intra-African Trade.’ Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Available on line at: http://www.uneca.org/aria4/ARIA4Full.pdf
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). (2018). Deepening Africa-India Trade and Investment Partnership. A Joint Report by the African Trade Policy Centre and Confederation of Indian Industry.
Winters, L. A., Lim, W., Hanmer, L., & Augustin, S. (2010). Economic Growth in Low Income Countries: How the G20 Can Help to Raise and Sustain It. Economics Department Working Paper Series No. 8 -2010, Faculty of Business, Management and Economics; University of Sussex, United Kingdom. The paper was commissioned by the Presidential Committee for G20 of Korea and was delivered at the G20 High Level Development Conference, Seoul, 13th October, 2010.
World Bank. (2006). Enhancing Agricultural Innovation: How to Go Beyond the Strengthening of Research Systems. Washington, DC: World Bank. CrossRef
Wu, X. (2012a). ‘ The Evolution of Innovation Policy in China: A Brief Introduction’ in ‘Policy Forum: The Rise of Innovative China: Implications for the Region’. The Australian Economic Review, 45(4), 463–466. CrossRef
Wu, Y. (2012b). ‘ Trends and Prospects in China’s Research and Development Sector’ in ‘Policy Forum: The Rise of Innovative China: Implications for the Region. The Australian Economic Review, 45(4), 467–474. CrossRef
- Conclusion and Policy Recommendations: Concrete Strategies for Advancing Trade Facilitation Agenda and Fostering Regional Economic Development in West Africa
- Chapter 5
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta