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This is the concluding chapter of the book. It portrays different aspects of human suffering caused by conflict with elephants and suggests ways to combat the situation. Some thematic maps have been prepared depicting the villages affected by elephant attack. Maps of increased crop damage have been prepared and compare decadal data. Attempts of the forest department and the problems it faces are also depicted. The existing land use pattern is also responsible for the situation. Thus, we considered all these factors while applying any policy to improve the situation. Ultimately, people’s support is essential for any strategy or plan to be successful. After analysing the typical situation of the study area, we proposed some mitigation and management measures. Some of the management measures have already been applied to similar cases at the national level. However, some significant proposals that are very case-specific should be useful at a local level only. The route of elephant migration and temporal route shift that we have prepared may be useful not only to the forest department but also to the affected communities. All the results of each chapter are written in the form of major findings in this concluding chapter, in an effort to draw some practicable management and peaceful coexistence between humans and elephants in the study area.
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Fernando, P., Kumar, M. A., Williams, C. & Wikramanayake, E. (2008). Review of human elephant conflict: Mitigation measures practiced in South Asia. (AREAS Technical Support Document Submitted to World Bank), World Bank–WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation & Sustainable Use.
Fernando, P., Kumar, M. A., Williams, C., Wikramanayake, E., Aziz T. & Singh, S. M. (2008). Review of human–elephant conflict mitigation measures practiced in South Asia (p. 253).
Fernando, P., Wikramanayake, E. D., Janaka, H. K., Jayasinghe, L. K. A., Gunawardena, M., Kotagama, S. W., et al. (2008c). Ranging behavior of Asian elephant in Sri Lanka. Mammalian Biology, 73, 2–13.
Kumar, S. A., Kumar, S. A., & Pan, S. (2007). Measures adopted to combat migratory elephants in South West Bengal forests. Gajah, 27, 42–47.
Santra Ajit Kumar, Samanta Ashis Kumar and Pan Subhransu (2007) Measures Adopted to Combat Migratory Elephants in South West Bengal Forests, Gajah 27 (2007) 42–47.
Sarah Doyle , Melissa Groo , Christie Sampson , Melissa Songer , Marshall Jones and Peter Leimgruber (2010):Human-Elephant Conflict—What Can We Learn from the News? Gajah 32.
The Report of the Elephant Task Force (Gajah) Securing the Future for Elephants in India Ministry of Environment and Forests August 31, 2010.
Nilanjana Das Chatterjee
- Chapter 8
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