Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
Renewable energy is the fastest growing source for the generation of electricity in the IEO (2013) report. According to this report, annual increases in the use of renewables for electricity generation are expected to be 2.8 % per year from 2010 to 2040. In particular, non-hydropower renewable resources are the fastest growing sources of new generation during that period, in both OECD and non-OECD regions. Non-hydropower renewables, which accounted for 4 % of the generation market in 2010, are expected to increase their share of the market to 9 % in 2040, with much of the growth coming from wind and solar generation. Strong growth in offshore wind capacity is under way, with 883 MW added to the grid in 2010, representing a 51 % increase over the amount of capacity added in 2009 (EWEA, European Wind Energy Association and the EU, 2011). In 2013, offshore saw a record growth, adding 1.6 GW new capacities. However, the outlook for 2014 and 2015 is expected to be stable without any new capacity planned to be installed (EWEA 2013). On the other hand, one of the alternatives that several European countries have to satisfy the foreseeable increase in the electricity demand is the use of nuclear energy for the generation of electricity. For this reason, nuclear energy will be part of the energy mix of several European countries.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Biomass Energy Europe (2011), BEE Project No: 213417, European Commission Research & Innovation DG, 2011.
COM (2008) 782, Brussels 13.11.2008 SEC (2008) 2869, 2008.
European Commission (2000), Energy in Europe – 1999 Annual Energy Review; Special Issue January 2000; Directorate-General for Energy, 2000.
EIA (2000), International Energy Outlook 2000. EIA, Department of Energy, 251 pp. http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/ieo/index.html, 2000.
EWEA Annual Report 2011 (2012), European Wind Energy Association and the EU, 2012.
EWEA Annual Report 2012 (2013), European Wind Energy Association, Brussels, 2013.
Eurelectric (Union of the Electric Industry) (1997), Hydroelectricity, energy vector for progress and development; Hydro Power and other Renewable Energies Study Committee, EURELECTRIC, Brussels, Belgium, 11 pp. http://www.eurelectric.org, 1997.
International Energy Outlook 2013, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy, DOE/EIA-0484(2010), USA, 2013.
Lehner, B., Czisch, G., Vassolo, S. (1998); Hydropower potential today and in the future; Center for Environmental Systems Research; University of Kassel, Germany Institut für Solare Energieversorgungstechnik (ISET), Kassel, Germany, 1998.
Lovseth, J. (1995), The renewable energy potential of Norway and strategies for its development, Renewable Energy, Vol.6, No. 3, pp. 207-214, 1995.
Menges, R. (2003), Supporting renewable energy on liberalized markets: green electricity between additionality and consumer sovereignty. In: Energy Policy 31, No. 7 (2003), 2003.
Resch, Gustav; Faber, Thomas; Haas, Reinhard; Ragwitz, Mario; Held Fraunhofer, Anne; and Konstantinaviciute, Inga (2006), Potentials and cost for renewable electricity in Europe, Report (D4) of the IEE project OPTRES: Assessment and optimisation of renewable support schemes in and Energy Economics, Energy Economics Group; Vienna, Austria, February 2006.
Renewables 2013 Global Status Report, REN 21 Steering Committee, ISBN 978-3-9815934-0-2, Paris, France, 2013.
UNIPEDE (International Union of Producers and Distributors of Electrical Energy) (1998): EUROPROG 1998. Programmes and Prospects for the European Electricity Sector, EURPROG Report – final version, 26 th edition, 232 pp. http://unipede.eurelectric.org; 1998.
Worldwide Electricity Production from Renewable Energy Sources: Stats and Figures Series (2013), Fifteenth Inventory 2013 edition, Observ’ER, Edf, Fondation Énergies Pour le Monde, 2013.
Jorge Morales Pedraza
- Chapter 9