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There is enough water to meet world’s demand but uneven distribution has led to unequal access so that some countries and even individuals have more than others. Therefore there is need to share the available water through inter-basin cooperation and investing in joint projects by riparian partners while enforcing water quality management to curb man-induced scarcity. Success calls for strategies and policies that promote and support water quality management. Other undertakings including rainwater harvesting and building storages that regulate water availability over time support these strategies. However caution must be exercised to ensure that smaller storage facilities close to the farming land and settlements are considered alongside the large storages usually constructed for hydro-power generation. Additional strategies include economical irrigation methods such as drip irrigation that should be given priority over cheaper wasteful ones such as flood and sprinkler irrigation and reducing water loss through evaporation by storing water in underground aquifers. A holistic approach in the usage of both surface and ground water resources including inclusive smart partnerships and win–win situations should be encouraged and supported by governments, non-governmental organizations and donors alike.
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- Conclusions and Recommendations
J. P. Msangi
- Springer Netherlands
- Chapter 6