Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
By employing an expanded view of 21st-century communication design as a starting point for research, this paper aims to share with a multidisciplinary audience a brief overview of design research methodologies and intersections with sustainability. The researchers trace this evolution from the 1960 s to present, wherein higher education classrooms frequently integrate ecological and social dimensions into teaching and learning. The literature reveals how design research has developed distinct approaches to working for and with communities to fuel creative action. The researchers utilize grounded theory to review results from a series of initial interviews and survey data collected from a purposive sample of design professionals in the United States, along with an analysis of a range of texts in the intersecting realms of design, education, and sustainability. Professional respondents cite evolving trends in global business interactions, communications, and problem-solving as indicators that higher education should prepare design students to tackle complex sustainability challenges. This paper concludes with a discussion of the importance of integrating intercultural collaboration into higher education curricula to help students realize the intricacies involved in environmental health and cultural vitality.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
AASHE. (2016). Sustainability tracking, assessment and rating system (STARS). Association for the advancement of sustainability in higher education. https://stars.aashe.org/. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
AIGA. (2017). The Professional Association for Design. Retrieved from http://www.aiga.org
Archer, B. (1981). A view of the nature of design research. In R. Jacques & J. A. Powell (Eds.), Design: Science: method (pp. 36–39). Guilford, England: Westbury House.
ArtCenter College. (2016). Designmatters at ArtCenter college of design leads conversation about vital role of design in addressing most pressing societal challenges. http://www.artcenter.edu/connect/college-news/designmatters-at-artcenter-college-of-design-leads-conversation-about-designs-vital-role-in-addressing-societys-most-pressing-challenges.html. Accessed: 12. Feb. 2017.
ASU. (2017). The nation’s first school of sustainability. https://design.asu.edu/degree-programs/environmental-design. Accessed: 12. Feb. 2017.
Ball, S., & Gilligan, C. (2010). Visualising migration and social division: Insights from social sciences and the visual arts. Forum: Qualitative social research, 11(2). http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/1486/3002#footnoteanchor_6. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
Bjögvinsson, E., Ehn, P., & Hillgren, P. A. (2010). Participatory design and democratizing innovation. In Proceedings of the 11th Biennial Participatory Design Conference, pp 41–50.
Bjögvinsson, E., Ehn, P., & Hillgren, P. A. (2012). Design things and design thinking: Contemporary participatory design challenges. Design Issues, 28(3), 101–116. CrossRef
Bloemink, B. (2007). Design for the other 90% catalogue. New York: Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum.
Brown, T., & Wyatt, J. (2010). Design thinking for social innovation. Stanford Social Innovation Review, pp 30–35. (Winter).
Brown, T. (2008). ‘Design Thinking’, Harvard Business Review, June, pp 84–92.
Buchanan, R. (1992). Wicked problems in design thinking. Design Issues, 8(2), 5–21. CrossRef
CCA. (2016). MBA in design strategy from California college of the arts. https://www.cca.edu/academics/graduate/strategy-mba. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
Charmaz, K. (2014). Constructing grounded theory. London: Sage.
Cheek, A. (2016). Designing for service with human-centered design research methods. Doha, Qatar: Carnegie Mellon University.
Chick, A., & Micklethwaite, P. (2011). Design for sustainable change: How design and designers can drive the sustainability agenda. Worthing: AVA Publishing.
CMU. (2016). MDes at Carnegie Mellon University, Graduate Program. http://design.cmu.edu/programs/grad. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
Cross, N. (2001). Designerly ways of knowing: Design discipline versus design science. Design Issues, 17(3), 49–55. CrossRef
Cross, N. (2007). Designerly ways of knowing. Basel, Boston, Berlin: Birkhäuser Architecture.
Cumulus. (2014). In D. Laubscher, F. Freschi, C. Luisa, A. Breytenbach & K. Pope (Eds.), Proceedings of Cumulus Johannesburg Conference: Design with the other 90%, 22–24 September 2014, University of Johannesburg and Greenside Design Center, Johannesburg, South Africa. Retrieved from http://www.cumulusjohannesburg.co.za/files/9014/1810/9492/CumulusJoburgProceedings_Sep14.pdf
Cumulus. (2016). In A. L Bang, M. Mikkelsen, & A. Flinck (Eds.), REDO cumulus Conference Proceedings, Design School Kolding, Denmark, 30 May–2 June 2017. Retrieved from https://issuu.com/designskolen_kolding/docs/a4_redo_samlet
Davis, M. (2012). Graphic design theory: Graphic design in Context. London: Thames & Hudson.
DRC. (2017). The design research center at The University of North Texas. http://designresearchcenter.unt.edu. Accessed: 12. Feb. 2017).
DRS. (2013). In J. B. Reitan, P. Lloyd, L. M. Nielsen, I. Digranes & E. Lutnæs (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference for Design Education Researchers, 14–17 May 2013, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, Norway, Vol. 1. Retrieved from https://journals.hioa.no/index.php/formakademisk/article/view/506
DRS. (2015). In R. V. Zande, E. Bohemia & I. Digranes (Eds.), Proceedings of the LearnxDesign 3rd International Conference for Design Education Researchers, 28–30 June 2015, The School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, Vol. 2. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/279182507_Proceedings_of_the_3rd_International_Conference_for_Design_Education_Researchers_volume_3
Ehn & Badham. (2002). Participatory design and the collective designer. In T. Binder, J. Gregory, I. Wagner (Eds.), PDC 02 Proceedings of the Participatory Design Conference, Malmo, Sweden, pp. 23–25.
Faude-Luke, A. (2009). Design activism: Beautiful strangeness for a sustainable world. Abingdon: Routledge.
Frankel, L., & Racine, M. (2010). The complex field of research: For design, through design & about design. Paper presented at the International Conference of the Design Research Society, Montréal, July 2010. http://www.drs2010.umontreal.ca/data/PDF/043.pdf. Accessed: 12. Feb. 2017.
Frascara, J. (1998). Graphic design: Fine art or social science? Design Issues, Fall, 5(1), 18–29. CrossRef
Frascara, J. (2002). From user-centered to participatory design approaches. In J. Frascara (Ed), Design and the social Sciences. London: Taylor & Francis.
Fry, T. (2009). Design futuring: Sustainability and ethics and new practice. London: Bloomsbury. CrossRef
Glaser, B. (1978). Theoretical sensitivity: Advances in the methodology of grounded theory. Mill Valley, CA: The Sociology Press.
Glaser, B. (2010). The future of grounded theory. Qualitative Health Research, 9(6), 836–845. CrossRef
Gibson, M., & Owens, K. (2015). Making meaning happen between ‘Us’ and ‘Them’: Strategies for bridging gaps in understanding between researchers who posses design knowledge and those working in disciplines outside design. In P. Rodgers & J. Yee (Eds), The Routledge Companion to Design Research pp. 386–399.
Hall, E. T. (1976). Beyond culture. New York: Random House.
Hayoun, N. (02 February 2017). Nelly Ben Studios launches University of the Underground – a radical rethink of design education.” It’s Nice That. http://www.itsnicethat.com/articles/university-of-the-underground-launch-020217. Accessed: 12. Feb. 2017.
Hill, L., Brandeau, G., Truelove, E., & Lineback, K. (2014). Collective genius. Brighton: Harvard Business Review Press.
Holm, J., Søndergård, B., & Hansen, O. (2010). Design and sustainable transition. New York: Routledge.
IDEO. (2016). Design Kit Methods http://www.designkit.org/methods. Accessed: 28. Dec. 2016.
Indigenous Rising. (2015). http://indigenousrising.org/. Accessed: 11. Feb. 2017.
Johnson, K. (2014). Beyond the artifact; developing student awareness of contextual social and environmental sustainability. Design with the other 90%: Cumulus Johannesburg Conference Proceedings, Edited by D. Laubscher, F. Freschi, C. Luisa, A. Breytenbach, and K. Pope, pp. 169–180. http://www.cumulusjohannesburg.co.za/files/9014/1810/9492/CumulusJoburgProceedings_Sep14.pdf. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
Jordan, P. (2002). Human factors for pleasure seekers. In J. Frascara (Ed), Design and the social sciences (pp 9–23). Abingdon: Taylor & Francis.
Klemmer, S., Hartmann, B., & Takayama, L. (2006). How bodies matter: Five themes for interaction design. DIS 2006, June 26–28 (pp. 140–149).
Kolko, J. (2012). Wicked problems: Problems worth solving: a handbook & a call to action. USA: Ac4d.
Kuzel, A.J. (1999). Sampling in qualitative inquiry. In B. F. Crabtree & W. L. Miller (Eds.), Doing qualitative research (pp. 33–45). California: Sage Publications.
Landa, R. (2011). Graphic Design Solutions (4. Ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing.
Lilley, D. (2009). Design for sustainable behaviour: Strategies and perceptions. Design Studies, 30, 704–720. CrossRef
Lockton, D., Harrison, D., & Stanton, N. (2008). Making the user more efficient: Design for sustainable behavior. International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, 1, 3–8. CrossRef
Loewenson, R., Flores, W., Shukla, A., Kagis, M., Baba, A., Ryklief, A., et al. (2011). Raising the profile of participatory action research at the 2010 global symposium on Health Systems Research. MEDICC Review, 13(3), 35–38. CrossRef
Lloyd, P. (2017). From design methods to future-focused thinking: 50 years of design research. Design Studies, 48, A1–A8. CrossRef
Lupton, E. (2012). Graphic Design: Now in Production, ed. Andrew Blauvelt and Ellen Lupton. Minneapolis: Walker Art Center, pp 12–13. http://elupton.com/2010/10/the-designer-as-producer/. Accessed: 15. Feb. 2017.
Malmö University. (2017). Research at Malmö University. http://mah.se/english/research/. Accessed: 15. Feb. 2017.
Margolin, V. (2010). Design research: Towards a history. In Proceedings of the Design Research Society International Conference “Design & Complexity”. Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, 7–9 July 2010.
Martin, P., & Hanington, B. (2012). Universal methods of design: 100 ways to research complex problems, develop innovative ideas, and design effective solutions. USA: Rockport.
Martin, P., & Ahdab, D. (2015). A pedagogical prototype focused on designing value. In Proceedings of Learn X Design: 3rd International Conference. LearnxDesign: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference for Design Education Researchers, Edited by R. V. Zande, E. Bohemia, and I. Digranes, vol 2: 715–734. https://www.academia.edu/13300519/Proceedings_of_the_3rd_International_Conference_for_Design_Education_Researchers_volume_2_. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
Masdar. (2017). About Masdar Institute of Science and Technology. http://www.masdar.ae/en/research/detail/about-the-masdar-institute-of-science-and-technology.Accessed: 4. Feb. 2017.
MCAD. (2016). Sustainable design master of arts. http://mcad.edu/academic-programs/sustainable-design. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
McDonough, W., & Braungart, M. (2013). The upcycle: Beyond sustainability — designing for abundance. New York, NY: Melcher Media.
McDonough, W., & Braungart, M. (2002). Cradle to cradle: Remaking the way we make things. New York: North Point Press.
McIntyre, A. (2008). Participatory action research: Qualitative research methods series 52. California: Sage.
Medley, S. & Kueh, C. (2015). “Beyond problem solving: A framework to teach design as an experiment in the university environment.” In L. A. Noel and M. L. Poy. Ministry of Design – From cottage industry to state enterprise (pp 170–80). St. Augustine, Trinidad: Department of Creative and Festival Arts, The University of the West Indies.
MICA. (2016). MA in Social Design. https://www.mica.edu/Programs_of_Study/Graduate_Programs/Social_Design_(MA).html. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
Murdoch-Kitt, K., & Emans, D. (2015). Experiential elements of high-to-low-context cultures. LearnxDesign: Proceedings of the 3 rd International Conference for Design Education Researchers, Edited by R. V. Zande, E. Bohemia, and I. Digranes, vol 3: 1301–1318. https://www.academia.edu/13300472/International_Conference_for_Design_Education_Researchers_volume_3_. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
Murdoch-Kitt, K., Emans, D., & Martin, K. (2015). “Sustainability at the forefront: educating students through complex challenges in visual communication and design.” In P. Thompson (Ed), Interdisciplinary Environmental Review (vol. 16, 2–4).
Papanek, V. (1995). The green imperative: Natural design for the real world. New York: Thames and Hudson.
Papanek, V. (1971). Design for the real world: Human ecology and social change. New York: Pantheon Books.
Patton, M. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
Resnick, E. (2016). Developing citizen designers. New York and London: Bloomsbury. CrossRef
Rittel, H., & Webber, W. (1973). “ Dilemmas in a general theory of planning.” policy sciences (4 (2), pp. 155–69). Netherland: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Robertson, T., & Simonsen, J. (2012). Participatory design. In Routledge International (Ed.), Handbook of participatory design. Abindgon: Routledge.
Saikaly, F. (2005). approaches to design research: Towards the designerly way, paper presented at the sixth international conference of the European Academy of Design (EAD06). Bremen, Germany: University of the Arts.
Sanders, E. (1999). Postdesign and participatory culture. Useful and critical: The position of research in design. 9–11 September 1999; Tuusula, Finland. University of Art and Design Helsinki (UIAH).
Sanders, E. (2002). From user-centered to participatory design approaches. In J. Frascara (Ed), Design and the social sciences (pp 1–8). Abingdon: Taylor & Francis.
Sanders, E., & Stappers, P. (2008). Co-creation and the new landscapes of design. CoDesign (vol 4(1)).
Sanders, E., & Stappers, P. (2014). From designing to co-designing to collective dreaming: Three slices in time interactions, 21(6), 24–33.
Sarker, S., Lau, F., & Sahay, S. (2000). Building an inductive theory of collaboration in virtual teams: An adapted grounded theory approach. 33rd Annual Hawaii International Conference in Systems Science, Hawaii.
SCAD. (2016). Design for sustainability. https://www.scad.edu/academics/programs/design-sustainability. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
Schön, D. A. (1991). The reflective practitioner: How professionals think in action. Aldershot: Avebury, Ashgate.
Shea, A. (2012). Designing for social change: Strategies for community-based graphic design. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.
Simmons, C. (2011). Just design: Socially conscious design for critical causes. How Books Sociology Icons by Yu Luck from the Noun Project.
SVA. (2016). MFA in design for social innovation. http://www.sva.edu/graduate/mfa-design-for-social-innovation. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
Tassi, R. (2009). Service design tools. http://www.servicedesigntools.org/taxonomy/term/1. Accessed: 12. Feb. 2017.
Trimmel, S. (2015). Directions towards sustainability through higher education. LearnxDesign: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference for Design Education Researchers, Edited by R. V. Zande, E. Bohemia, and I. Digranes, vol 2: 907–920. https://www.academia.edu/13300519/Proceedings_of_the_3rd_International_Conference_for_Design_Education_Researchers_volume_2_. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
Tunstall, E. (2000). Sapient Communities Project Phase I and II Reports.
Tunstall, E. (2008). My communitas Workshops. School of design, NC State University, Raleigh. Retrieved 11 Feb, 2015. http://dori3.typepad.com/my_weblog/2008/01/my-communitas-w.html.
UNESCO. (2005 –2014). United nations decade of education for sustainable development (2004 –2015): Draft international implementation scheme. 2005. Paris: UNESCO.
UNESCO. (2016). Sustainable development knowledge platform. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/?menu=1300. Accessed: 27. Sept. 2016.
Vernon, S, (2013). Design education for social sustainability. Design education from kindergarten to PhD – Design learning for tomorrow: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference for Design Education Researchers, Edited by J. B. Reitan, P. L. E. Bohemia, L. M. Nielsen, I. Digranes, and E. Lutnæs, pp 204–216.
Wendel, S. (2014). Designing for behavior change. CA: O’Reilly Sebastopol.
- Connective Methodologies: Visual Communication Design and Sustainability in Higher Education
Kelly M. Murdoch-Kitt
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen