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The earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011, caused severe accidents at the several Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Units, and a significant volume of highly contaminated water was generated from the accident. Several methods have been applied to decontaminate the water, including systems from AREVA S.A. and Kurion, Inc., in addition to the SARRY (Simplified Active Water Retrieval and Recovery System) and ALPS [Advanced Liquid Processing System; incorporated in the MRRS (Multi Radionuclide Removal System)] systems from Toshiba Corporation. After the decontamination treatments using these systems, various kinds of sludge and spent adsorbents were generated as secondary wastes. These wastes are now tentatively stored at the site, but further treatment shall be applied to produce appropriate waste forms for interim storage and final disposal in a repository.
Waste management—the treatment, storage, transportation, and disposal of these wastes—is believed to require several decades. The authors examined how to manage these wastes in consideration of the large volume of waste, the variety of waste types, and the long period required to carry out their treatment and disposal in a safe and efficient manner. The requirements for an inventory list and online waste management system; a development strategy for waste treatment, storage, transport, and disposal; formation of an R&D implementation and evaluation team; and long-term knowledge management are discussed in this chapter.
International Atomic Energy Agency (2009) Classification of radioactive waste. IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GSG-1. IAEA, Vienna
Tanabe H (2013) Consideration on treatment and disposal of secondary wastes generated from treatment of contaminated water, B37. In: Proceedings of the 2013 annual meeting of Atomic Energy Society of Japan, Tokyo
- Consideration of Treatment and Disposal of Secondary Wastes Generated from Treatment of Contaminated Water
- Springer Japan
- Chapter 28
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen