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Erschienen in:

23.02.2024

Contagious protests

verfasst von: Rabah Arezki, Alou Adesse Dama, Simeon Djankov, Ha Nguyen

Erschienen in: Empirical Economics | Ausgabe 6/2024

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Abstract

This paper explores the spillover of protests across countries using data on nonviolent and spontaneous demonstrations for 200 countries from 2000 to 2020. Using an autoregressive spatial model, the analysis finds strong evidence of “contagious protests,” with a catalyzing role of social media. In particular, social media penetration in the source and destination of protests leads to protest spillovers between countries. There is evidence of parallel learning between streets of nations alongside the already documented learning between governments.

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Fußnoten
1
The literature on macro-finance has abundantly examined the phenomenon of contagion. For a useful reference on the topic, see Candelon (2010).
 
2
Note that for countries added to the data set after 2010, we consider these country-year pairs as missing observations (and not zeros) before they are added to the data set.
 
3
China is an important exception where Facebook and other global platforms have been blocked. Facebook was banned after June 2009 riots in Western China when the platform was used among protesters.
 
4
When we run the regressions with distance alone on the samples in columns [3],[4],[5], the coefficients of foreign protests (per million persons) are not significant (Appendix Tables 14, 15, Panel A).
 
5
Note that changes in sample size are not driving the significance of the role of social media. Indeed, Appendix Tables 14,15 Panel B shows that coefficients associated with distance-weighted foreign protests remain insignificant and are smaller when using the samples presented in Columns [3] to [5] in Table 1.
 
6
The samples used in Columns [3] to [5] in Table 1 only include countries above the social media thresholds—weights are not defined otherwise. Results remain robust when we impose undefined weights as zeros when countries having relatively low social media penetration are included in the samples (Appendix Tables 18, 19).
 
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Metadaten
Titel
Contagious protests
verfasst von
Rabah Arezki
Alou Adesse Dama
Simeon Djankov
Ha Nguyen
Publikationsdatum
23.02.2024
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Empirical Economics / Ausgabe 6/2024
Print ISSN: 0377-7332
Elektronische ISSN: 1435-8921
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00181-023-02539-y

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