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This chapter identifies and describes the various laws and statutes associated with the regulation of contract labour in India. This includes not only the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970 but also a plethora of other laws including those covering social security such as the Maternity Act 1963. While doing so, we simultaneously perform a Hohfeldian analysis of these laws exposing the fact that (barring a few cases) most of the laws are badly structured with ill-defined rights, duties, powers and immunities—creating Hohfeldian molecules of rights that are of low valence. We go on to show that judicial interpretation of labour laws as well as the orientation of public policy also reflects a steady erosion of rights of contract workers. The chapter concludes by contrasting the Indian laws with those prevailing in China, particularly post 2008, where workers have been granted more structured rights than is the case in India.
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- Contract Labour in India: In Law and Public Policy
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