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01.06.2015 | Ausgabe 2/2015

Shape Memory and Superelasticity 2/2015

Crystal Structure, Transformation Strain, and Superelastic Property of Ti–Nb–Zr and Ti–Nb–Ta Alloys

Zeitschrift:
Shape Memory and Superelasticity > Ausgabe 2/2015
Autoren:
Hee Young Kim, Jie Fu, Hirobumi Tobe, Jae Il Kim, Shuichi Miyazaki

Abstract

The composition dependences of transformation strain and shape memory, and superelastic properties were extensively investigated in Ti–Nb–Zr and Ti–Nb–Ta alloys in order to establish the guidelines for alloy design of biomedical superelastic alloys. The effects of composition on the crystal structure of the parent (β) phase and the martensite (α″) phase were also investigated. Results showed that not only transformation temperature but also transformation strain is tunable by alloy design, i.e., adjusting contents of Nb, Zr, and Ta. The lattice constant of the β phase increased linearly with increasing Zr content, while it was insensitive to Nb and Ta contents. On the other hand, the lattice constants of the α″ phase are mainly affected by Nb and Ta contents. The increase of Zr content exhibited a weaker impact on the transformation strain compared with Nb and Ta. The addition of Zr as a substitute of Nb with keeping superelasticity at room temperature significantly increased the transformation strain. On the other hand, the addition of Ta decreased the transformation strain at the compositions showing superelasticity. This study confirmed that the crystallography of martensitic transformation can be the main principal to guide the alloy design of biomedical superelastic alloys.

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