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Über dieses Buch

This book is a concise navigator across the history of cybernetics, its state-of-the-art and prospects. The evolution of cybernetics (from N. Wiener to the present day) and the reasons of its ups and downs are presented. The correlation of cybernetics with the philosophy and methodology of control, as well as with system theory and systems analysis is clearly demonstrated.

The book presents a detailed analysis focusing on the modern trends of research in cybernetics. A new development stage of cybernetics (the so-called cybernetics 2.0) is discussed as a science on general regularities of systems organization and control. The author substantiates the topicality of elaborating a new branch of cybernetics, i.e. organization theory which studies an organization as a property, process and system.

The book is intended for theoreticians and practitioners, as well as for students, postgraduates and doctoral candidates. In the first place, the target audience includes tutors and lecturers preparing courses on cybernetics, control theory and systems science.



Chapter 1. Cybernetics in the 20th Century

This section is intended to consider in brief the history of cybernetics and describe “classical” cybernetics. Let us call it “cybernetics 1.0”.
D. A. Novikov

Chapter 2. Cybernetics, Control Philosophy and Control Methodology

Having reached a certain level of epistemological maturity, scientists perform “reflexion” by formulating general laws in corresponding scientific fields, i.e., create metasciences [149, 152]. On the other part, any “mature” science becomes the subject of philosophical research. For instance, the philosophy of physics appeared at the junction of the 19th century and the 20th century as the result of such processes.
D. A. Novikov

Chapter 3. Laws, Regularities and Principles of Control

Among important subjects studied by Cybernetics, we mention laws, regularities and principles of complex systems functioning and control.
D. A. Novikov

Chapter 4. Systems Theory and Systems Analysis. Systems Engineering

Logically and historically, the content of cybernetics has indissoluble connection with the category of “system” (see Appendix A). Here the key role belongs to two terms—systems approach and systems analysis.
D. A. Novikov

Chapter 5. Some Trends and Forecasts

Any mature science necessarily predicts its own development and the development of adjacent sciences. As Cybernetics represents a metascience (see Chap. 2) with respect to its components–control theory and others, its functions should include analyzing their trends, seeking for generalizations and forecasting. Ideally, the matter concerns normative forecasting, i.e., constructing a multi-alternative scenario forecast with separation of desired trajectories and an action plan for their implementation.
D. A. Novikov


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