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Erschienen in: Population and Environment 3/2022

16.11.2021 | Original Paper

Effects of prenatal exposure to abnormal rainfall on cognitive development in Vietnam

verfasst von: Nobuaki Yamashita, Trong-Anh Trinh

Erschienen in: Population and Environment | Ausgabe 3/2022

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Abstract

The foetal origins hypothesis postulates that shocks while in utero can have long-term detrimental effects on the health and human capital formation of children. Using data from the Young Lives project for Vietnam, we examine the effects of exposure to historically abnormal rainfall among children in utero on the cognitive development of the same children from 5 to 15 years of age. Based on data on month and place of birth, we show that positive rainfall shocks are associated with better cognitive development in children up to 8 years of age. The effect is more pronounced when positive shocks occur in the early stage of gestation. However, such positive effects are not sustained: the impacts of positive rainfall shocks on cognition are completely absent at 10 and 15 years of age. We contribute to the literature by examining the importance of the timing and persistence of weather shocks during pregnancy on cognitive development by tracking the same children from in utero to school age.

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Fußnoten
1
In Vietnam, formal schooling starts at age 6.
 
2
See http://​climate.​geog.​udel.​edu/​~climate/​html_​pages/​download.​html#ghcn_​T_​P_​clim3. This dataset has been widely used in the economics literature to measure climatic shocks and climate change (e.g. Burke et al., 2015; Dell et al., 2012; Rocha & Soares, 2015; Sarsons, 2015).
 
4
Using multiple (young and old) cohorts would, indeed, be desirable in this case. However, the problem with the older cohort is that the birthplace is unknown since they were already 8 years old when the first round of the YL survey was implemented. A lack of information about the birthplace made it impossible to construct the exposure to rainfall shocks in utero for the older cohort.
 
5
For example, if a child was born in September in 2001, the historical mean refers to the September rainfall average for year 1970–2000.
 
6
In the literature on weather shocks, Ogasawara and Yumitori (2019) also used this approach to compute clustered standard errors.
 
Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat Akresh, R., Bagby, E., Walque, D., & Kazianga, H. (2017). Child labour, schooling, and child ability. World bank policy research working paper 5965. Akresh, R., Bagby, E., Walque, D., & Kazianga, H. (2017). Child labour, schooling, and child ability. World bank policy research working paper 5965.
Zurück zum Zitat Almond, D. (2006). Is the 1918 Influenza pandemic over? Long-term effects of in utero influenza exposure in the post-1940 U.S. population. Journal of Political Economy, 114(4), 672–712. https://doi.org/10.1086/507154 Almond, D. (2006). Is the 1918 Influenza pandemic over? Long-term effects of in utero influenza exposure in the post-1940 U.S. population. Journal of Political Economy, 114(4), 672–712. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1086/​507154
Zurück zum Zitat Glewwe, P., Krutikova, S., & Rolleston, C. (2017). Do schools reinforce or reduce learning gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students? Evidence from Vietnam and Peru. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 65(4), 699–739. https://doi.org/10.1086/691993CrossRef Glewwe, P., Krutikova, S., & Rolleston, C. (2017). Do schools reinforce or reduce learning gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students? Evidence from Vietnam and Peru. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 65(4), 699–739. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1086/​691993CrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Effects of prenatal exposure to abnormal rainfall on cognitive development in Vietnam
verfasst von
Nobuaki Yamashita
Trong-Anh Trinh
Publikationsdatum
16.11.2021
Verlag
Springer Netherlands
Erschienen in
Population and Environment / Ausgabe 3/2022
Print ISSN: 0199-0039
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-7810
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11111-021-00394-6

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