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01.08.2013 | Ausgabe 8/2013

Quantum Information Processing 8/2013

Decoherence dynamics of geometric measure of quantum discord and measurement induced nonlocality for noninertial observers at finite temperature

Zeitschrift:
Quantum Information Processing > Ausgabe 8/2013
Autor:
M. Ramzan

Abstract

Quantum discord quantifies the total non-classical correlations in mixed states. It is the difference between total correlation, measured by quantum mutual information, and the classical correlation. Another step forward towards the quantification of quantum discord was by Dakić et al. (Phys Rev Lett 105:190502, 2010) who introduced the geometric measure of quantum discord (GMQD) and derived an explicit formula for a two-qubit state. Recently, Luo and Fu (Phys Rev Lett 106:120401, 2011) introduced measurement-induced nonlocality (MIN) as a measure of nonlocality for a bipartite quantum system. The dynamics of GMQD is recently considered by Song et al. (arXiv: quant/ph.1203.3356) and Zhang et al. (Eur Phys J D 66:34, 2012) for inertial observers. However, the topic requires due attention in noninertial frames, particularly, from the perspective of MIN. Here I consider \(X\)-structured bipartite quantum system in noninertial frames and analyze the decoherence dynamics of GMQD and MIN at finite temperature. The dynamics under the influence of amplitude damping, depolarizing and phase flip channels is discussed. It is worth-noting that initial state entanglement plays an important role in bipartite states. It is possible to distinguish the Bell, Werner and general type initial quantum states using GMQD. Sudden transition in the behaviour of GMQD and MIN occurs depending upon the mean photon number of the local environment. The transition behaviour disappears for larger values of \(\bar{n},\) i.e. \(\bar{n}>0.3.\) It becomes more prominent, when environmental noise is introduced in the system. In the presence of environmental noise, as we increase the value of acceleration \(r\), GMQD and MIN decay due to Unruh effect. The effect is prominent for the phase flip and amplitude damping channels. However, in case of depolarizing channel, no sudden change in the behaviour of GMQD and MIN is observed. The environmental noise has stronger affect on the dynamics of GMQD and MIN as compared to the Unruh effect. Furthermore, Werner like states are more robust than General type initial states at finite temperature.

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