Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen

2016 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Demand Side and Dispatchable Power Plants with Electric Mobility

verfasst von : Zofia Lukszo, Esther H. Park Lee

Erschienen in: Smart Grids from a Global Perspective

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

share
TEILEN

Abstract

The variable energy sources drive the need for flexibility to restore a system’s energy balance. The flexibility sources, i.e. demand side response, dispatchable power plants, storage and interconnection, can respond to restore that balance. Electric vehicles, including plug-in EVs and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), have a huge potential to play an important role in future energy systems. EVs and FCEVs can be used to discharge electricity to the grid, and when aggregating the power of a large number of vehicles, they can function as dispatchable power plants. Plug-in EVs can adapt their charging behaviour to the needs of the power system operator, and similarly they can act as storage by charging their batteries for example, when there is a surplus of renewable energy. Fuel cell cars (FCEVs), while parked, can produce electricity more efficiently than the present electricity system and with useful ‘waste’ products, heat and fresh water. In terms of technology, the energy production system “Car as Power Plant” can be envisaged as a fleet of fuel cell vehicles, where cars, while parked (over 90 % of the time), can produce with the fuel cell electricity, heat and fresh water that can be feed into the respective grids. The Car as Power Plant system with FCEVs has the potential to replace all electricity production power plants, creating a flexible detachable decentralized multi-modal energy system. This chapter will address the role of electric mobility in the future energy systems in general and its role in demand response and in flexible generation.
Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat Guille, C., Gross, G.: A conceptual framework for the vehicle-to-grid (V2G) implementation. Energy Policy 37, 4379–4390 (2009) CrossRef Guille, C., Gross, G.: A conceptual framework for the vehicle-to-grid (V2G) implementation. Energy Policy 37, 4379–4390 (2009) CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Holttinen, H., Tuohy, A., Milligan, M., et al.: The flexibility workout. IEEE Power Energy Mag. 11, 53–62 (2013) CrossRef Holttinen, H., Tuohy, A., Milligan, M., et al.: The flexibility workout. IEEE Power Energy Mag. 11, 53–62 (2013) CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kempton, W., Letendre, S.E.: Electric vehicles as a new power source for electric utilities. Transp. Res. Part D Transp. Environ. 2, 157–175 (1997) CrossRef Kempton, W., Letendre, S.E.: Electric vehicles as a new power source for electric utilities. Transp. Res. Part D Transp. Environ. 2, 157–175 (1997) CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kempton, W., Tomić, J.: Vehicle-to-grid power fundamentals: calculating capacity and net revenue. J. Power Sources 144, 268–279 (2005a) CrossRef Kempton, W., Tomić, J.: Vehicle-to-grid power fundamentals: calculating capacity and net revenue. J. Power Sources 144, 268–279 (2005a) CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kempton, W., Tomić, J.: Vehicle-to-grid power implementation: From stabilizing the grid to supporting large-scale renewable energy. J. Power Sources 144, 280–294 (2005b) CrossRef Kempton, W., Tomić, J.: Vehicle-to-grid power implementation: From stabilizing the grid to supporting large-scale renewable energy. J. Power Sources 144, 280–294 (2005b) CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kissock, J.: Combined heat and power for buildings using fuel-cell cars. In: ASME International Solar Energy Conference, Albuquerque, NM, pp. 121–132 (1998) Kissock, J.: Combined heat and power for buildings using fuel-cell cars. In: ASME International Solar Energy Conference, Albuquerque, NM, pp. 121–132 (1998)
Zurück zum Zitat Kleiwegt, E., Lukszo, Z.: Grid impact analysis of electric mobility on a local electricity grid. In: 2012 9th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC), pp. 316–321 (2012) Kleiwegt, E., Lukszo, Z.: Grid impact analysis of electric mobility on a local electricity grid. In: 2012 9th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC), pp. 316–321 (2012)
Zurück zum Zitat Letendre, S.E., Kempton, W.: The V2G concept: a new model for power? Connecting utility infrastructure and automobiles (2002) Letendre, S.E., Kempton, W.: The V2G concept: a new model for power? Connecting utility infrastructure and automobiles (2002)
Zurück zum Zitat Lipman, T.E., Edwards, J.L., Kammen, D.M.: Fuel cell system economics: comparing the costs of generating power with stationary and motor vehicle PEM fuel cell systems. Energy Policy 32, 101–125 (2004). doi: 10.​1016/​S0301-4215(02)00286-0 CrossRef Lipman, T.E., Edwards, J.L., Kammen, D.M.: Fuel cell system economics: comparing the costs of generating power with stationary and motor vehicle PEM fuel cell systems. Energy Policy 32, 101–125 (2004). doi: 10.​1016/​S0301-4215(02)00286-0 CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat McKinsey & Company: A portfolio of power-trains for Europe : a fact-based analysis—the Role of Battery Electric Vehicles, Plug-in Hybrids and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles. Brussels (2010) McKinsey & Company: A portfolio of power-trains for Europe : a fact-based analysis—the Role of Battery Electric Vehicles, Plug-in Hybrids and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles. Brussels (2010)
Zurück zum Zitat Verzijlbergh, R.A., Grond, M.O.W., Lukszo, Z, et al.: Network impacts and cost savings of controlled EV charging. Smart Grid IEEE Trans. 3, 1203–1212 (2012a) Verzijlbergh, R.A., Grond, M.O.W., Lukszo, Z, et al.: Network impacts and cost savings of controlled EV charging. Smart Grid IEEE Trans. 3, 1203–1212 (2012a)
Zurück zum Zitat Verzijlbergh, R.A., Lukszo, Z, Ilic, M.D.: Comparing different EV charging strategies in liberalized power systems. In: 2012 9th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM), pp. 1–8 (2012b) Verzijlbergh, R.A., Lukszo, Z, Ilic, M.D.: Comparing different EV charging strategies in liberalized power systems. In: 2012 9th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM), pp. 1–8 (2012b)
Zurück zum Zitat Verzijlbergh, R.A., Lukszo, Z.: Conceptual model of a cold storage warehouse with PV generation in a smart grid setting. In: 2013 10th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC), pp. 889–894 (2013) Verzijlbergh, R.A., Lukszo, Z.: Conceptual model of a cold storage warehouse with PV generation in a smart grid setting. In: 2013 10th IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC), pp. 889–894 (2013)
Zurück zum Zitat Wijk, A.J.M. van, Verhoef, L.: Our Car as Power Plant (2014) Wijk, A.J.M. van, Verhoef, L.: Our Car as Power Plant (2014)
Metadaten
Titel
Demand Side and Dispatchable Power Plants with Electric Mobility
verfasst von
Zofia Lukszo
Esther H. Park Lee
Copyright-Jahr
2016
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28077-6_11