The study of particle cloud dispersion by a shock wave is important to many applications, including multiphase explosives that comprise a condensed explosive surrounded with packed micrometric reactive metal particles. Detonation of the explosive generates a shock wave which accelerates and compacts the particles. The particles are further accelerated from the reflected rarefaction as the shock wave arrives at the free-surface of the particles, leading to their rapid dispersal into the air. Generally speaking, the shock wave initially propagates through a granular particle bed and much later in time the particle cloud is dispersed and the flow becomes a dilute gas-solid flow. Between these two regimes the flow is characterized by a dense gas-solid flow . Reactive multiphase flow models have been used to simulate the acceleration and dispersion of the particle cloud . The fidelity of the simulations is severely limited by the physical drag models that need to take into account the interactions in the dense gas-solid flow . In order to develop an accurate particle drag model that describes particle acceleration in the dense flow regime, representative experimental data need to be generated.While dispersal experiments have been carried out using a spherical multiphase explosive charge , controlled shock wave experiments are necessary to gain understanding of the fundamental physics of the dense supersonic gas-solid flow interactions and quantitative data concerning the particle cloud dispersion. Shock tube experiments have been carried out but typically the particle suspension method influences the shock flow  and the particle size is not typical of multiphase explosives. This paper reports on shock tube experiments looking at the acceleration and dispersion of 100 micron-sized aluminum oxide particles. The shock wave propagating into the packed particles provides a low-pressure analogy to multiphase explosive dispersal.
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- Dense Particle Cloud Dispersion by a Shock Wave
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
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