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01.08.2019 | Special Article from the ETH Conference 2018 | Ausgabe 2/2020

Emission Control Science and Technology 2/2020

Design of a Novel Gasoline Particulate Filter Aging Method

Zeitschrift:
Emission Control Science and Technology > Ausgabe 2/2020
Autoren:
Stefan Sterlepper, Johannes Claßen, Stefan Pischinger, Jim Cox, Michael Görgen, Helmut Lehn, Johannes Scharf
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Abstract

Gasoline particulate filters (GPF) recently entered the market and are already regarded as state-of-the-art for gasoline exhaust aftertreatment systems to enable EU6d-TEMP fulfillment and beyond. Due to its rapid market introduction, the field of GPF lifetime evaluation is still open for research. In this context, the paper describes the advantages of a method for accelerated investigation of filter ash loading during the development of particulate filters. The central task is the simulation of real-world lubrication oil consumption and combustion, which is the major source of ash in the exhaust gases. For that purpose, a burner test bench designed for catalyst aging was additionally equipped with an oil injection unit. The injection unit enables control of the oil volume and the droplet sizes as precursors for the ash particulates. The results obtained with the new filter aging method are compared with data from vehicle endurance runs and with burner test investigations in which the fuel is doped with oil. The latter method is currently considered as the state-of-the-art method for accelerated ash generation. The new method proofed to be vehicle-equivalent in terms of ash-induced backpressure, filtration efficiency, wall ash layer formation, and wall/plug ash ratio. In this context, it turned out that it is important not to atomize the oil droplets too far, since smallest particulates accumulate mainly at the walls and cause unrealistically high backpressures. Furthermore, the ash loading process should include different mass flows in order to achieve stable backpressure results.

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