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01.12.2023 | Original Paper

Determining S-Wave Arrival Times for Microseismic Monitoring in Tunnels Based on Instantaneous Phase Difference of Sensors

verfasst von: Yaxun Xiao, Shujie Chen, Liu Liu, Guangliang Feng, Junbo Zhou, Dongbo Hou, Shaojun Li, Jianing Guo

Erschienen in: Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering

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Abstract

Accurately ascertaining the S-wave arrival times of microseismic signals is crucial for improving the accuracy with which microseismic events can be located. However, the first arrival of an S-wave is often overlapped by the P-wave which can make it difficult to accurately determine the arrival time of the S-wave in tunnels. Therefore, an accurate method for determining the S-wave arrival time of microseismic signals in tunnels is urgently needed. In this paper, a novel method is proposed based on the instantaneous phase difference intensity (IPDI) of the S-wave between two microseismic sensors. The peaks in the IPDI directly indicate the first breaking of an S-wave thus allowing the arrival time of the S-wave to be identified. Tests using synthetic signals verify that the IPDI method can correctly determine the arrival time of an S-wave when the first break of the S-wave is overlapped by the P-wave. The IPDI method was further applied to microseismic monitoring in a deeply buried tunnel in the Jinping II hydropower station in China. The IPDI peaks were found to successfully highlight the arrival of S-waves that could not be determined manually. The location accuracy of rockburst and microseismic events was thus significantly improved using the new IPDI method.

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Metadaten
Titel
Determining S-Wave Arrival Times for Microseismic Monitoring in Tunnels Based on Instantaneous Phase Difference of Sensors
verfasst von
Yaxun Xiao
Shujie Chen
Liu Liu
Guangliang Feng
Junbo Zhou
Dongbo Hou
Shaojun Li
Jianing Guo
Publikationsdatum
01.12.2023
Verlag
Springer Vienna
Erschienen in
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering
Print ISSN: 0723-2632
Elektronische ISSN: 1434-453X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00603-023-03648-x