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Über dieses Buch

This first volume on detox fashion discusses various interesting topics including a Toxic-Free Supply Chain for Textiles and Clothing; Environmental Issues in Textiles; Global Regulations, Restrictions & Research; Making the Change: Consumer Adoption of Sustainable Fashion; and Strategies for Detoxing Your Wardrobe. It provides an overview of the chemical-related issues confronting the fashion sector, summarizes global regulations, and discusses how to make the change by changing consumers’ attitude towards adopting sustainable fashion, as well as the best strategies for detoxing our wardrobes.



Toxic Free Supply Chain for Textiles and Clothing

The existing structure of supply chain of textile industry is complex at every level that it leads for inter-dependencies across a network starting from raw material to manufacturing, clothes reaching customers. Complexity contributes to variability and uncertainty where a change in one element can have an effect on other elements. To feature such cumulative and combinatorial effect throughout the supply chain, good practice in labour standards leading to a legal minimal wage and realistic living wage, working hours, safety and integrated infrastructure have to be monitored by government bodies. The intention of this article is to serve idea on risk reduction measures for hazardous substances at every level through supply chain by identifying the toxic substances and its hazardous properties. For example, substantial shares of silver, triclosan, triclocarbon are released after the biocide treatment of textile from laundering. To avoid such human risk, the REACH registration is a source of limited knowledge on risk assessment of many substances used in textiles. Indian Garment Industry finds that inventory management, visibility, lead time, collaboration with private and government sector, technology as risk factors all over the supply chain. Based on target customer groups and scale size on production, most of the private companies are facing appropriate supply chain strategy for product offerings. The use of safer chemicals in the entire life cycle and production in apparel brings a substitution plan for hazardous chemicals. The aim of this chapter is to assure the use of safer chemicals and their substitution in acceptable range in the whole production procedures of textile products. That should meet customers demand for a cleaner production with no or less pollution in order to protect environment, new or modified environmental policies and regulations in order to protect workers and consumers health. Other regulative measures to aware customers by labeling toxic free clothes and suitable method for the pre-determination of toxicity in research laboratories must be taken into consideration by textile manufacturers.
P. Senthil Kumar, S. Suganya

Environmental Issues in Textiles: Global Regulations, Restrictions and Research

Textile industry is facing many criticisms due to huge amount of water consumption and hazardous nature of various chemicals being used throughout from raw material extraction till disposal phase. The industry has been responsible for creating land, air and water pollution affecting human health and damaging the eco-system. Chemicals, used during cultivation and different wet processing phases get hold to the textile, evaporate into air and drain through water. They are absorbed through skin, inhaled through air and swallowed through food and water. Chemicals, being toxic and carcinogenic trigger serious diseases and allergic reactions in people. Energy consumption and heat emission are other factors disturbing the eco-system. Ecological considerations are becoming important factors all over the world. To protect humans and the environment from harmful substances, various countries have introduced stringent legislations. It is becoming mandatory to comply with environmental regulations and violation of the provisions can be prosecuted as a criminal offence. This chapter discusses the key environmental issues involved in textile industry, restricted chemicals and substances and their impact on human health, regulation imposed along with research aspects which are being applied to curb the harmful impacts and to craft the textile industry more sustainable.
Harinder Pal

Making the Change: The Consumer Adoption of Sustainable Fashion

This chapter explores the recent societal changes leading to a shift in consumer needs and wants from fashion. This aims to offer context to the increased consumption levels in the fashion industry and due to the nature of the necessary supply chain, resulting in consequential negative impacts on social and environmental factors. The fast fashion business model was explored, framing the problems currently challenging an increase in responsible practices in the fashion industry. The adoption of sustainability on behalf of the consumer is crucial, cleaning-up their previous behaviour which focused on quantity over quality. Without adoption, the consumption problem remains ignored and disguised up by aspirational fashion marketing, blinding the consumer during purchasing. The detoxification of both the consumer’s purchasing behaviour and the process and practices implemented in the fashion industry is needed. Potential solutions and approaches will be discussed helping to move away from the previously highlighted fast fashion principals, towards a slower, more considered fashion sector.
Alana M. James, Bruce Montgomery

Erratum to: Detox Fashion

Without Abstract
Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
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