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This chapter investigates development in the shadow of imperialism. Asian and Arab worlds are similar in their fundamental social relationship, capital, but dissimilar in what they have become because of shifting class and power relations or their respective mode of integration with the global economy. Each case of development can be attributed to the specificity of the development/security nexus triggered by an imperialism pursuing its interests. Unlike EA where inter-imperialist entente lengthens the time horizon amenable to long term gestating and productive capital formation, the Arab security/development nexus not only absorbs the central economic surplus, but also reinforces commercial exploitation and under-valorisation in price terms a whole range of third world resources and inputs. War is not only about the destruction of assets, it is also the social relationship organising the reproduction of these assets during and after the conflict, especially the sustainability of the reconstruction effort through shifting ideological and institutional reorganisation patterns. This chapter will discuss the primacy of imperialism, its logical precedence and power over history, and how its practice makes or breaks development.
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