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2022 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Development of Sustainable Transport Corridors the Scandria-Case

verfasst von: Lisa Hartmann, Martin Jung, Philip Michalk, Sorin Sima

Erschienen in: Sustainable Rail Transport 4

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

The paper describes the status quo of freight flows in the Scandria Corridor (compare SCANDRIA-Alliance), based on a number of surveys and studies, conducted throughout the Scandria2Act project (2016–2019). Specifically this paper describes the freight flows in detail, by combining surveys conducted within the project, with statistical data from different sources, creating a comprehensive picture of freight flows between continental Europe a Scandinavia. A multifactor-decision model for freight forwarders is implemented, to calculate the boundary condition that need to be met in order to facilitate an actual shift from road to rail. These conditions are described in terms of transport costs and time, which enable the analysis of effects of different political measures, and of different market conditions on the transport flows. In conclusion this paper discusses the political boundary conditions and the administrative and spatial framework, in which such shifts are being fostered.

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Fußnoten
1
In previous studies a more detailed geographical mapping of the Scandria® Corridor (Western Corridor, Scandria® Core Corridor and Eastern Corridor) was carried out to highlight the focus for stakeholders.
 
2
Statistical office of the European Union (Eurostat) (2017): "EU Handel by SITC since 1988“.
 
3
These are automatic counting stations placed on motorways and national roads. At these counting points the number of all passing vehicles is permanently recorded and then published by the Federal Highway Research Institute.
 
4
Other evaluations of this kind have not become known during the analysis. However, these statistics are considered to be representative, because according to the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, freight traffic has not increased in 2016. In the area of “Railways - Passenger, freight and combined transport”, the Ministry recorded a decline in traffic of approx. 0.1%. It is therefore assumed that the indicated range can be regarded as characteristic in this geographical section.
 
5
It should be mentioned that in a parallel German study the Netherlands were not so strongly represented: The largest proportions of vehicles using the port analysed come from Germany, Italy and Poland. This indicates a certain specialisation of the Scandria® core corridor towards southern and eastern Europe, while the western corridor via the Jutland-Land link and the ports of Schleswig–Holstein rather covers western Europe.
 
Literatur
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Metadaten
Titel
Development of Sustainable Transport Corridors the Scandria-Case
verfasst von
Lisa Hartmann
Martin Jung
Philip Michalk
Sorin Sima
Copyright-Jahr
2022
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-82095-4_10