Skip to main content
main-content

Tipp

Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen

2019 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

2. Developmental Liberalism: The Developmental State and Social Policy

verfasst von: Kyung-Sup Chang

Erschienen in: Developmental Liberalism in South Korea

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

share
TEILEN

Abstract

This chapter appraises the South Korean developmental state with regard to its distinct social policy characteristics and the sociopolitical conditions and effects of such characteristics. Particularly notable, among others, are the following five characteristics that render the social policy orientation of the developmental state developmental liberal: (1) depoliticization/technocratization/developmental obfuscation of social policy, (2) developmental cooptation of social policy constituencies (“growth first, distribution later”), (3) state-business entrepreneurial merge and direct state engagement in labor relations, (4) familial reconstitution of social citizenship, and (5) welfare pluralism and demobilization of civil society. I present contextual and substantive details of each of these characteristics and explain the broad conditions of grassroots life as critically shaped by them. In lieu of a conclusion, I briefly compare developmental liberalism with other major regimes of social policy such as (liberal) liberalism and social democracy (in various versions).
Literatur
Zurück zum Zitat Amsden, Alice. 1989. Asia’s Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization. New York: Oxford University Press. Amsden, Alice. 1989. Asia’s Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization. New York: Oxford University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Chae, Oh. Byung. 2014. The Social Policy of the Rhee Syngman Regime from a Viewpoint of Constitution Making and Revision, 1948–1958 (in Korean). Social Theory 46: 417–448. Chae, Oh. Byung. 2014. The Social Policy of the Rhee Syngman Regime from a Viewpoint of Constitution Making and Revision, 1948–1958 (in Korean). Social Theory 46: 417–448.
Zurück zum Zitat Chang, Jin-Ho. 2014. The Chaebol and the Economy of Irresponsibility in South Korea (in Korean). Critical Review of History 108: 91–119. Chang, Jin-Ho. 2014. The Chaebol and the Economy of Irresponsibility in South Korea (in Korean). Critical Review of History 108: 91–119.
Zurück zum Zitat ———. 1997. The Neo-Confucian Right and Family Politics in South Korea: The Nuclear Family as an Ideological Construct. Economy and Society 26 (1): 22–42. CrossRef ———. 1997. The Neo-Confucian Right and Family Politics in South Korea: The Nuclear Family as an Ideological Construct. Economy and Society 26 (1): 22–42. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat ———. 2012a. Economic Development, Democracy, and Citizenship Politics in South Korea: The Predicament of Developmental Citizenship. Citizenship Studies 16 (1): 29–47. CrossRef ———. 2012a. Economic Development, Democracy, and Citizenship Politics in South Korea: The Predicament of Developmental Citizenship. Citizenship Studies 16 (1): 29–47. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat ———. 2012b. Developmental Citizenship in Perspective: The South Korean Case and Beyond. In Contested Citizenship in East Asia: Developmental Politics, National Unity, and Globalization, ed. Chang Kyung-Sup and Bryan S. Turner, 182–202. London/New York: Routledge. ———. 2012b. Developmental Citizenship in Perspective: The South Korean Case and Beyond. In Contested Citizenship in East Asia: Developmental Politics, National Unity, and Globalization, ed. Chang Kyung-Sup and Bryan S. Turner, 182–202. London/New York: Routledge.
Zurück zum Zitat ———. 2018. The End of Tomorrow? Familial Liberalism and Social Reproduction Crisis (in Korean), Seoul: Jipmundang. ———. 2018. The End of Tomorrow? Familial Liberalism and Social Reproduction Crisis (in Korean), Seoul: Jipmundang.
Zurück zum Zitat ———. 2019. The Logic of Compressed Modernity: The Transformative Structure of Korean Society. Under revision for University of California Press. ———. 2019. The Logic of Compressed Modernity: The Transformative Structure of Korean Society. Under revision for University of California Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Cho, Oak La. 1998. Modernity and Conservatism in Rural Families (in Korean). Korean Cultural Anthropology 31 (2): 377–405. Cho, Oak La. 1998. Modernity and Conservatism in Rural Families (in Korean). Korean Cultural Anthropology 31 (2): 377–405.
Zurück zum Zitat Cho, Seok-Gon. 2015. The Trends of Land Productivity Growth during Colonial Period and during Land Reform at Hojeo-Myeon, Wonju-City (in Korean). Trend and Prospect 94: 204–250. Cho, Seok-Gon. 2015. The Trends of Land Productivity Growth during Colonial Period and during Land Reform at Hojeo-Myeon, Wonju-City (in Korean). Trend and Prospect 94: 204–250.
Zurück zum Zitat Choi, Jang-Jip. 2002. Democracy After Democratization: Crisis and Conservative Origin of Korea’s Democracy (in Korean). Seoul: Humanitas. Choi, Jang-Jip. 2002. Democracy After Democratization: Crisis and Conservative Origin of Korea’s Democracy (in Korean). Seoul: Humanitas.
Zurück zum Zitat Choi, Sun-Young, and Chang Kyung-Sup. 2016. The Material Contradictions of Proletarian Patriarchy in South Korea’s Condensed Capitalist Industrialization: The Instability in the Working Life Course of Male Breadwinners and Its Familial Ramifications. In New Life Courses, Social Risks and Social Policy in East Asia, ed. Raymond Chan, Jens Zinn, and Lih-Rong Wang, 149–166. London: Routledge. Choi, Sun-Young, and Chang Kyung-Sup. 2016. The Material Contradictions of Proletarian Patriarchy in South Korea’s Condensed Capitalist Industrialization: The Instability in the Working Life Course of Male Breadwinners and Its Familial Ramifications. In New Life Courses, Social Risks and Social Policy in East Asia, ed. Raymond Chan, Jens Zinn, and Lih-Rong Wang, 149–166. London: Routledge.
Zurück zum Zitat Chung, Chung Kil. 1988. Meetings of Economic Ministers and Policy Decision (in Korean). Korean Journal of Public Administration 26 (2): 370–380. Chung, Chung Kil. 1988. Meetings of Economic Ministers and Policy Decision (in Korean). Korean Journal of Public Administration 26 (2): 370–380.
Zurück zum Zitat Cotton, James. 1992. Understanding the State in South Korea: Bureaucratic-Authoritarian or State Autonomy Theory? Comparative Political Studies 24 (4): 512–531. CrossRef Cotton, James. 1992. Understanding the State in South Korea: Bureaucratic-Authoritarian or State Autonomy Theory? Comparative Political Studies 24 (4): 512–531. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Cumings, Bruce. 1981. The Origins of the Korean War: Liberation and Emergence of Separate Regimes, 1945–1947. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Cumings, Bruce. 1981. The Origins of the Korean War: Liberation and Emergence of Separate Regimes, 1945–1947. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Donzelot, Jacques. 1979. The Policing of Families. New York: Pantheon. Donzelot, Jacques. 1979. The Policing of Families. New York: Pantheon.
Zurück zum Zitat Esping-Andersen, Gøsta. 1990. The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Esping-Andersen, Gøsta. 1990. The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Evans, Peter. 1995. Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation. Princeton: Princeton University Press. CrossRef Evans, Peter. 1995. Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation. Princeton: Princeton University Press. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Gerschenkron, Alexander. 1962. Economic Development in Historical Perspective. Belknap: Cambridge. Gerschenkron, Alexander. 1962. Economic Development in Historical Perspective. Belknap: Cambridge.
Zurück zum Zitat Hong, Duck-Ryul. 2006. Jaebeol’s Power, Past, Present and Future (in Korean). Critical Review of History 77: 95–117. Hong, Duck-Ryul. 2006. Jaebeol’s Power, Past, Present and Future (in Korean). Critical Review of History 77: 95–117.
Zurück zum Zitat Hong, Yong-Pyo. 2007. An Analysis of Syngman Rhee’s Anti-Communist Line from Realist Perspective (in Korean). Journal of World Politics 28 (2): 51–80. Hong, Yong-Pyo. 2007. An Analysis of Syngman Rhee’s Anti-Communist Line from Realist Perspective (in Korean). Journal of World Politics 28 (2): 51–80.
Zurück zum Zitat Huntington, Samuel. 1968. Political Order in Changing Societies. New Haven: Yale University Press. Huntington, Samuel. 1968. Political Order in Changing Societies. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Im, Hyug Baeg. 1987. The Rise of Bureaucratic Authoritarianism in South Korea. World Politics 39 (2): 231–257. CrossRef Im, Hyug Baeg. 1987. The Rise of Bureaucratic Authoritarianism in South Korea. World Politics 39 (2): 231–257. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kang, Myung Hun. 1996. The Korean Business Conglomerate: Chaebol Then and Now. Berkeley: University of California Press. Kang, Myung Hun. 1996. The Korean Business Conglomerate: Chaebol Then and Now. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Kim, Dong-Choon. 1995. A Study of Labor in South Korean Society: Focusing on the Post-1987 Period (in Korean). Seoul: Yukbi. Kim, Dong-Choon. 1995. A Study of Labor in South Korean Society: Focusing on the Post-1987 Period (in Korean). Seoul: Yukbi.
Zurück zum Zitat Kim, Dong-Choon. 2002. Confucianism and Korean Familialism: Is Familialism a Product of Confucian Values? (in Korean). Economy and Society 55: 93–118. Kim, Dong-Choon. 2002. Confucianism and Korean Familialism: Is Familialism a Product of Confucian Values? (in Korean). Economy and Society 55: 93–118.
Zurück zum Zitat Kim, Keunsei. 2012. The Nature and Historical Origin of Park Chung-Hee’s Developmental Bureaucracy (in Korean). Presented at the 2012 Summer Meeting of the Korean Association of Public Administration. Kim, Keunsei. 2012. The Nature and Historical Origin of Park Chung-Hee’s Developmental Bureaucracy (in Korean). Presented at the 2012 Summer Meeting of the Korean Association of Public Administration.
Zurück zum Zitat Kim, Myeong-Yeon. 2006. Results and Questions for the Human Rights of Inhabitants in Social Welfare Facilities (in Korean). Journal of the Korean Public Law Association 35 (2): 109–134. Kim, Myeong-Yeon. 2006. Results and Questions for the Human Rights of Inhabitants in Social Welfare Facilities (in Korean). Journal of the Korean Public Law Association 35 (2): 109–134.
Zurück zum Zitat Kim, Yeon Myung, and Park Sang Hee. 2012. Is It Public Welfare or Private Welfare? A Study on the Character of Social Welfare Corporations in Korea (in Korean). Critical Social Policy 36: 7–38. Kim, Yeon Myung, and Park Sang Hee. 2012. Is It Public Welfare or Private Welfare? A Study on the Character of Social Welfare Corporations in Korea (in Korean). Critical Social Policy 36: 7–38.
Zurück zum Zitat ———. 2001. Korean Workers: The Culture and Politics of Class Formation. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ———. 2001. Korean Workers: The Culture and Politics of Class Formation. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Krugman, Paul. 1994. The Myth of Asia’s Miracle. Foreign Affairs 73 (6): 62–78. CrossRef Krugman, Paul. 1994. The Myth of Asia’s Miracle. Foreign Affairs 73 (6): 62–78. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Kwon, Huck-ju. 1999. The Welfare State in Korea: The Politics of Legitimation. London: St. Martin’s. CrossRef Kwon, Huck-ju. 1999. The Welfare State in Korea: The Politics of Legitimation. London: St. Martin’s. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Lee, Pyoung-Soo. 2015. Basic Law on Service Industry Development and Medical Privatization (in Korean). Journal of the Korean Medical Association 58 (2): 86–88. CrossRef Lee, Pyoung-Soo. 2015. Basic Law on Service Industry Development and Medical Privatization (in Korean). Journal of the Korean Medical Association 58 (2): 86–88. CrossRef
Zurück zum Zitat Lee, Seung-Hee. 2010. Report on Chaebol’s Control of Media (Korean). Economic Reform Report 2010–12, Seoul: Economic Reform Research Institute. Lee, Seung-Hee. 2010. Report on Chaebol’s Control of Media (Korean). Economic Reform Report 2010–12, Seoul: Economic Reform Research Institute.
Zurück zum Zitat Mason, Edward S., Mahnje Kim, Kwang Suk Kim, David C. Cole, and Dwight H. Perkins. 1981. The Economic and Social Modernization of the Republic of Korea. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Mason, Edward S., Mahnje Kim, Kwang Suk Kim, David C. Cole, and Dwight H. Perkins. 1981. The Economic and Social Modernization of the Republic of Korea. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Park, Jeong Seon. 2014. A Study on Supervision and Human Rights in the Residential Institutions for the Disabled (in Korean). Korean Journal of Family Welfare 44: 163–190. Park, Jeong Seon. 2014. A Study on Supervision and Human Rights in the Residential Institutions for the Disabled (in Korean). Korean Journal of Family Welfare 44: 163–190.
Zurück zum Zitat Park, Keong-Suk. 2007. Meaning of the Discourses of Filial Piety Law in a Moral and Political Economy (in Korean). Journal of the Korean Family Studies Association 19 (3): 31–52. Park, Keong-Suk. 2007. Meaning of the Discourses of Filial Piety Law in a Moral and Political Economy (in Korean). Journal of the Korean Family Studies Association 19 (3): 31–52.
Zurück zum Zitat Skocpol, Theda. 1992. Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Social Origins of Social Policy in the United States. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Skocpol, Theda. 1992. Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Social Origins of Social Policy in the United States. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Song, Ho-Keun. 1995. Korea’s Company Welfare: An Empirical Research (in Korean). Seoul: Korea Labor Institute. Song, Ho-Keun. 1995. Korea’s Company Welfare: An Empirical Research (in Korean). Seoul: Korea Labor Institute.
Zurück zum Zitat Song, Won Keun, Shin Hak-rim, Won-jae Lee, and Il-young Lee. 2016. Chaebol (Conglomerates) in Korea, Chaebol’s Korea? (in Korean). Quarterly Changbi 44 (4): 449–476. Song, Won Keun, Shin Hak-rim, Won-jae Lee, and Il-young Lee. 2016. Chaebol (Conglomerates) in Korea, Chaebol’s Korea? (in Korean). Quarterly Changbi 44 (4): 449–476.
Zurück zum Zitat Wade, Robert. 1990. Governing the Market: Economic Theory and the Role of Government in East Asian Industrialization. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Wade, Robert. 1990. Governing the Market: Economic Theory and the Role of Government in East Asian Industrialization. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat Weiss, Linda. 1998. The Myth of the Powerless State. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Weiss, Linda. 1998. The Myth of the Powerless State. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Zurück zum Zitat White, Gordon, and Roger Goodman. 1998. Welfare Orientalism and Search for an East Asian Welfare Model. In The East Asian Welfare Model: Welfare Orientalism and the State, ed. Roger Goodman, Gordon White, and Huck-ju Kwon, 3–24. London: Routledge. White, Gordon, and Roger Goodman. 1998. Welfare Orientalism and Search for an East Asian Welfare Model. In The East Asian Welfare Model: Welfare Orientalism and the State, ed. Roger Goodman, Gordon White, and Huck-ju Kwon, 3–24. London: Routledge.
Zurück zum Zitat Yoon, Hong-Sik. 2018. Aid-Welfare Regime in Korea, 1948–1961 (in Korean). Social Welfare Policy 45 (1): 115–147. Yoon, Hong-Sik. 2018. Aid-Welfare Regime in Korea, 1948–1961 (in Korean). Social Welfare Policy 45 (1): 115–147.
Metadaten
Titel
Developmental Liberalism: The Developmental State and Social Policy
verfasst von
Kyung-Sup Chang
Copyright-Jahr
2019
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-14576-7_2

Premium Partner