Diffusive sampling of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) onto thermal desorption tubes, followed by gas chromatography, is an established technique for area or personal monitoring of typical workplace concentrations and there has been increasing interest in extending the application to environmental levels, particularly for benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX). Diffusive sampling rates for BTX on Chromosorb 106 and Carbograph-1 (a graphitised carbon) were measured over periods of 1–4 weeks in field validation experiments using ambient air and parallel pumped sampling (the reference method) at the HSL site in central Sheffield. The reference method was also used to investigate the possible bias of an open-path spectrophotometer (OPSIS) used by Sheffield City Council. A bias for BTX was suspected from results of a two-week initial exercise in which several diffusive samplers were placed close to the light path. In the full field validation of the diffusive samplers carried out subsequently, the significant bias of BTX concentrations reported by OPSIS were confirmed when compared with concurrent results from the reference method. OPSIS gave benzene and toluene values up to eight times higher than expected from the GC measurements. Xylene discrepancies were smaller, but in one 3-day peak episode, OPSIS demonstrated a negative correlation with GC.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Diffusive Sampling of VOCs as an Aid to Monitoring Urban Air Quality
M. D. Wright
N. T. Plant
R. H. Brown
- Springer Netherlands