Design and control of Power Supplies (PSs) feeding the magnets of a Synchrotron Light Source have to match severe specifications; high accuracy in the range of ppm in output current tracking is required for the correct operation of the magnets, while a Power Factor (PF) close to the unit is demanded at the input section due to the high power involved.
In this paper an advanced control strategy is presented for a particular kind of Quadrupole Magnet Power Supply, where variable output current has to be imposed. The case of the “switch-mode” multilevel power converter for booster quadrupole magnets of the DIAMOND synchrotron radiation facility under construction at the Harwell Chilton Science Campus, Didcot, has been considered.
High accuracy in the tracking of the desired output current reference is reached by means of a digital internal model-based controller. A multivariable controller is adopted in order to ensure current balancing between the stages of the multilevel converter.
Front-end topology selection, proper dimensioning and control design are exploited to guarantee high power factor and low harmonic distortion of the input currents, and to avoid low-frequency components related to the quadrupole magnets’ oscillating currents. For this purpose, confined oscillatory behavior imposed to the voltage of the DC-link capacitors plays a key role.
Simulations and experimental validations are reported that confirm the expected results.