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Disease transmission through water can occur through drinking water contaminated with microorganisms causing disease, through inhalation of aerosols of water at swimming pools, or through air-conditioners, or finally through contact in swimming pools. Diseases transmitted through drinking water include bacterial diseases (cholera, dysentery, typhoid, gastrointestinal disorders by E. coli, Yersinia, and Campylobacter), viruses (hepatitis A and E), and protozoan and helminth parasites (Cryptosporidium, Giardia, Entamoeba). Inhalation of aerosols can lead to Legionnaires’ disease and tuberculosis, while persons with open wounds can contact infections by Aeromonas and non-tubercular mycobacteria.
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- Disease Transmission in Water
- Springer Netherlands