Bacterial indicators of water quality have been developed over previous decades as tools to be used in decision-making processes for the protection of public health. These indicators serve the purpose of relating the degree of risk that a particular body of water holds regarding human contact, to the ingestion of the water or consumption of food species taken from the water. For the most part, they only suggest that pathogenic organisms may be present. In total, all of these can be considered “aquatic toxicants as biodeteriogens affecting human health.” If present in high numbers the water may be judged to be unfit for its designated use. Nevertheless, no indicator group in use today can yield information with absolute certainty as to the sanitary quality of the water. To complicate matters further, there are several criteria and/or standards for assessing fresh water and marine water quality, depending on specific preestablished uses.
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- Divergent Indicator Bacteria Standards and Criteria for Water Quality Related to Public Health
Ernst M. Davis
Rufus K. Guthrie
- Springer US
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen