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In this study, we examined the factors that influence humans recognition of robots as social beings. Participants took part in sessions of the Ultimatum Game, a procedure frequently used in the fields of both economics and social psychology for examining peoples’ attitudes toward others. In the experiment, several agents having different appearances were used, and speech stimuli, which were expected to induce a mentalizing effect on the participants’ attitude toward the agents, were utilized. The results show that, while appearance per se did not elicit a significant difference in the participants attitudes, the mentalizing stimuli affected their attitudes in different fashions, depending on the robots’ appearance. These results showed that elements such as a simple conversation with an agent and the agents’ appearance are important factors that cause people to treat robots in a more humanlike fashion and as social beings.
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- Do Robot Appearance and Speech Affect People’s Attitude? Evaluation Through the Ultimatum Game
- Springer Singapore
- Chapter 16