Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
This research uses an economic growth framework to analyze the impacts of male- and female-owned firms on economic performance. To address the potential endogeneity caused by social factors that may effect both the gender composition of business owners and economic growth, we apply an instrumental variable strategy. Intriguingly, in-depth analysis yielded no evidence of positive agglomeration effects on job growth specifically from gendered measures of firm density. However, the analyses do illuminate the value of considering both the previously unexplored employer/nonemployer firm distinction as well as a gendered perspective of firm ownership in the understanding of regional growth factors. The results show that male-owned firms, particularly male-owned employer firms, have a strong, though negative, relationship to employment growth consistent with national employment trends in male-owned firms during the period of the study.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Acs, Z. J., & Armington, C. (2006). Entrepreneurship, geography, and American economic growth. New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Acs, Z., & Mueller, P. (2008). Employment effects of business dynamics: Mice, gazelles, and elephants. Small Business Economics, Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth, and Public Policy, 30, 85–100. doi: 10.1007/s11187-007-9052-3.
Aghion, P., & Howitt, P. (1992). A model of growth through creative destruction. Econometrica, 60(2), 323–351. CrossRef
Audretsch, D. B., & Keilbach, M. (2004). Entrepreneurship capital and economic performance. Regional Studies, Discussion Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy, 38(8), 949–959. doi: 10.1080/0034340042000280956.
Bunten, D., Weiler, S., Thompson, E. C., & Zahran, S. (2015). Entrepreneurship, information, and growth. Journal of Regional Science, 00, 1–25. doi: 10.1111/jors.12157.
Chinitz, B. (1961). Contrasts in agglomeration: New York and Pittsburgh. The American Economic Review, 51(2), 279–289.
Coleman, S., & Robb, A. M. (2012). A rising tide: Financing strategies for women-owned firms. Stanford: Stanford Economics/Finance.
Deller, S. C. (2010). Spatial variations in the role of microenterprises in economic growth. The Review of Regional Studies, 40(1), 71–97.
Deller, S. C., Tsai, T.-H., Marcouiller, D. W., & English, D. B. K. (2001). The role of amenities and quality of life in rural economic growth. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 83(2), 352–365. CrossRef
Deskins, J., Gurley-Calvez, T., & Thompson, E. (2012). Understanding small business activity at the state-level. Small Business Administration, 1–28.
Devine, T. J. (1994). Characteristics of self-employed women in the United States. Monthly Labor Review, 117(3), 20–34.
Feldman, M. P., & Audretsch, D. B. (1999). Innovation in cities: Science-based diversity, specialization and localized competition. European Economic Review, 43, 409–429. CrossRef
Florida, R. (2002). The rise of the creative class. Washington Monthly, 34(5), 15–25. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8691.2006.00398.x.
Glaeser, E. L, Kallal, H. D., Scheinkman, J. A. & Shleifer, A. (1992). Growth in cities. Journal of Political Economy, 100(6), 1126–1152. CrossRef
Haines, M. R., & Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. (2010). Historical, demographic, economic, and social data: The United States, 1790–2002. Accessed May 21, 2015. doi: 10.3886/ICPSR02896.v3.
Haynes, G. W. (2010). Income and wealth: How did households owning small businesses fare from 1998 to 2007. Technical report January. Small Business Administration, 3–46.
Jacobs, J. (1969). The economy of cites. New York: Random House.
Matsa, D. A., & A. R. Miller. (2014). Workforce reductions at women-owned businesses in the United States. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 67(2), 422–452. CrossRef
Roback, J. (1982). Wages, rents, and the quality of life. The Journal of Political Economy, 90(6), 1257–1278. CrossRef
Romer, P. (1986). Increasing returns and long-run growth. The Journal of Political Economy, 94(5), 1002–1037. CrossRef
Rosenthal, S. S., & Strange, W. C. (2003). Geography, industrial organization, and agglomeration. Review of Economics and Statistics, 85, 377–393. CrossRef
Rosenthal, S. S., & Strange, W. C. (2012). Female entrepreneurship, agglomeration, and a new spatial mismatch. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 3(3), 764–788. CrossRef
Rupasingha, A., & Goetz, S. J. (2011). Self-employment and local economic performance: Evidence from US counties*. Papers in Regional Science. doi: 10.1111/j.1435-5957.2011.00396.x.
Schumpeter, J. (1934). The theory of economic development: An inquiry into profits, capital, credit, interest, and the business cycle. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Shrestha, S. S., Goetz, S. J., & Rupasingha, A. (2007). Proprietorship formations and U.S. job growth. The Review of Regional Studies, 37(2), 146–168.
Thompson, E. C., Hammond, G. W., & Weiler, S. (2006). Amenities, local conditions, and fiscal determinants of factor growth in rural America (The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Working Paper RWP-06-08). doi: 10.2139/ssrn.912797.
U.S. Department of Commerce. (2010). Women-owned businesses in the 21st century. U.S. Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration for the White Council on Women and Girls, pp 1–115.
Weiler, S., & Bernasek, A. (2001). Dodging the glass ceiling? Networks and the new wave of women entrepreneurs. The Social Science Journal, 38(1), 85–103. CrossRef
Weiler, S., Conroy, T., & Yeadon, M. (2013). Colorado innovation report. Technical report. Denver: Colorado Innovation Network.
- Does gender matter for job creation? Business ownership and employment growth
- Springer US
Neuer Inhalt/© Stellmach, Neuer Inhalt/© Maturus, Pluta Logo/© Pluta, digitale Transformation/© Maksym Yemelyanov | Fotolia