Weitere Artikel dieser Ausgabe durch Wischen aufrufen
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Cities position themselves to compete in the global economy using large-scale entrepreneurial interventions, which have the potential to significantly alter urban landscapes (Harvey 1989). Within this broad urban entrepreneurial approach, it is useful to reflect on localised knowledge production processes and the actors and power embedded in them, which result in particular urban development outcomes in cities. This paper analyses a spatial planning exercise, the Back of Port (BoP) Project, initiated in Durban in 2007 by its administrative entity eThekwini Municipality, and produced by local consultants, which reflects a particular form of urban entrepreneurialism. The BoP Project aimed to increase the competitiveness of the Durban port through improving city infrastructure, addressing congestion at the port-city interface and ensuring economic growth in the city, in a highly contested and political space. The resultant knowledge production process and the spatial framework that was produced, were shaped by global urban policy and the politics and practices of local government, civil society organisations and the knowledge fields of specialist consultants. The BoP spatial planning exercise reveals how urban policy is unfolding in a city in the South, in response to global processes of urban economic development, national imperatives and local challenges. The research reveals that knowledges associated with an economic and functional discourse-coalition became hegemonic, whilst counter-hegemonic knowledges around social and environmental justice struggled to frame the spatial plan.
Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten
Sie möchten Zugang zu diesem Inhalt erhalten? Dann informieren Sie sich jetzt über unsere Produkte:
Barnett, C., & Scott, D. (2007). The reach of citizenship: locating the politics of industrial air pollution in Durban and beyond. Urban Forum, 18(4), 289–309. CrossRef
Brenner, N., & Theodore, N. (2002). Cities and the geographies of “Actually Existing Neoliberalism”. Antipode, 34(3), 349–379. CrossRef
Brooks, S., Sutherland, C., Scott, D., & Guy, H. (2010). Integrating qualitative methodologies into risk assessment: insights from South Durban. South African Journal of Science, 106(9), 1–10.
Broughton, T. (2017). Legal fight over R4.5 Billion Logistics Park, News24, 15 September, 2017. https://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/legal-fight-over-r45bn-logistics-park-in-durban-20170915.
Croese, S. (2018). Global urban policymaking in Africa: a view from Angola through the redevelopment of the Bay of Luanda. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 42(2), 198–209. CrossRef
Desai, A. (2018). Race, place and everyday life in Contemporary South Africa: Wentworth, Durban. Urban Forum, 21(3), 283–298.
Douglass, M. (2000). Mega-urban regions and world city formation: globalisation, the economic crisis and urban policy issues in Pacific Asia. Urban Studies, 37, 2315–2335. CrossRef
eThekwini Municipality (2008). A local area plan and land use management scheme for the back of port interface zone: incorporating the areas of Congella, Clairwood, Jacobs and Mobeni as defined in the Durban Town Planning Scheme. Terms of Reference Document. Development Planning, Environment and Management Unit.
Freund, B. (2002). City Hall and the direction of development. In Freund, B. and Padayachee, V. (Eds.). (2002). (D) urban Vortex, Pietermaritzburg : University of Natal Press.
Hajer, M.A. (1995). The politics of environmental discourse: Ecological modernization and the policy process, New York: Oxford University Press.
Hajer, M.A. (2000). Transnational networks as transnational policy discourse: some observations on the politics of spatial development in Europe. In Salet, W. and Faludi, A. (Eds.). (2000). The revival of strategic spatial planning, Amsterdam: KNAW.
Hajer, M.A. (2003). A frame in the fields: policymaking and the reinvention of politics. In Hajer, M.A. and Wagenaar, H. (Eds.). (2003). Deliberative policy analysis: understanding governance in the network society, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hajer, M.A. (2005). Coalitions, practices, and meaning in environmental politics: from acid rain to BSE. In Howarth, D. and Torfing, J. (Eds.). (2005). Discourse theory in European politics: identity, policy and governance, Hampshire: 1 st Ed, Palgrave Macmillan.
Hajer, M.A. and Laws, D. (2006). Ordering through discourse. In Moran, M., Rein, M. and Goodin, R.E. (Eds.). (2006). The Oxford handbook of public policy, New York: Oxford University Press.
Hall, P.V. and Robbins, G. (2002). Economic development for a new era. In Freund, B. and Padayachee, V. (Eds.). (2002). (D) urban Vortex, Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press.
Hall, P.V. and Robbins, G. (2006). Which link, in which chain? Inserting Durban into global automotive supply chains, Working Paper No 46, School of Development Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal.
Harvey, D. (1989). From managerialism to entrepreneurialism: the transformation in urban governance in late capitalism. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, 71(1), 3–17. CrossRef
Holgersen, S., & Baeten, G. (2017). Beyond a liberal critique of ‘Trickle Down’: urban planning in the city of Malmö. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 40(6), 1170–1185. CrossRef
Jessop, B. (1998). The narrative of enterprise and the enterprise of narrative: place marketing and the entrepreneurial city. In T. Hall and P. Hubbard (Eds.), The entrepreneurial city. Chichester, Wiley.
Jones, T. (2002). The Port of Durban—lynchpin of the local economy?. In Freund, B. and Padayachee, V. (Eds.). (2000). (D) urban Vortex, Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press.
Jones, H. (2009). Policy-making as discourse: a review of recent knowledge-to-policy literature, A Joint IKM Emergent-ODI Working Paper No. 5.
Kennedy, L. (2015). The politics and changing paradigm of megaproject development in metropolitan cities. Habitat International, 45, 163–168. CrossRef
Lutchman, C. (2018) Frustration over racecourse proposal, The Post, 25 February, 2018.
Martel, P. (2016). An examination of the knowledge production process in a spatial planning exercise: the case study of the Back of Port Project in Durban, South Africa, unpublished MSc thesis, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban.
Mather, A.A. and Reddy, K. (2008). Expansion plans for the Port of Durban: what are the issues for the City of Durban?. COPEDEC VII, Paper No: M-05, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 1–15.
McCann, E. (2013). Policy boosterism, policy mobilities, and the extrospective city. Urban Geography, 34(1), 5–29. CrossRef
Merk, O. (2013). The competitiveness of global port-cities: the case of Antofagasta – Chile, OECD regional development working papers, 2013/15, OECD Publishing.
Merk, O. and Dang, T.T. (2013). The effectiveness of port-city policies: a comparative approach, OECD regional development working papers, 2013/25, OECD Publishing.
Mickez, R. (2012). Interviewing elites: addressing methodological issues. Qualitative Inquiry, 18(6), 482–493. CrossRef
Notteboom, T. E., & Rodrigue, J. P. (2005). Port regionalization: towards a new phase in port development. Maritime Policy & Management, 1–22.
Parnell, S., & Robinson, J. (2012). (re) theorizing cities from the global south: looking beyond neoliberalism. Urban Geography, 33(4), 593–617. CrossRef
Peck, J. and Theodore, N. (2015) Fast policy: experimental statecraft at the thresholds of neoliberalism. Minneapolis, MN : University of Minnesota Press.
Peck, J., Theodore, N., & Brenner, N. (2010). Postneoliberalism and its malcontents. Antipode, 41(1), 94–116. CrossRef
Peck, J., Theodore, N., & Brenner, N. (2013). Neoliberal Urbanism Redux?. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 37(3), 1091–1099.
Peck and Tickell. (2002). Neoliberalizing space. Antipode, 34, 380–404. CrossRef
Price Waterhouse Cooper (2018). Strengthening Africa’s gateway to trade. Report complied by PwC’s capital projects and infrastructure transport and logistics team. https://www.pwc.co.za/en/assets/pdf/strengthening-africas-gateways-to-trade.pdf. Accessed 8 Oct 2018
Scott, D. (2003). ‘Creative Destruction’: early modernist planning in the South Durban industrial zone, South Africa. Journal of Southern African Studies, 29(1), 235–259. CrossRef
Scott, D., & Barnett, C. (2009). Something in the air: civic science and contentious environmental politics in post-apartheid South Africa. Geoforum, 40, 373–382. CrossRef
Scott, D., Oelofse, C., & Guy, C. (2002). Double trouble: environmental injustice in South Durban. Agenda, (52), 50–57.
Sutherland, C., Scott, D., Philp, K., Maphumulo, S., Martel, P., Dray, A., Joubert, R., Sim, V., Forrest, C. and Van Niekerk, M. (2009). Social impact assessment. A local area plan and land use management scheme for the back of port Interface, consultant report prepared for eThekwini Municipality, Durban.
Van der Lugt, L. M., & Langen, P. W. (2005). The changing role of ports as locations for logistics activities. Journal of International Logistics and Trade, 3(2), 59–72.
Ward, C., & Swyngedouw, E. (2018). Neoliberalisation from the ground up: Insurgent capital, regional struggle and the assetisation of land. Antipode, 50(4), 1077–1097. CrossRef
- Durban’s Back of Port Project: a Local Spatial Knowledge Production Process Framed by Urban Entrepreneurialism
- Springer Netherlands
Print ISSN: 1015-3802
Elektronische ISSN: 1874-6330
Systemische Notwendigkeit zur Weiterentwicklung von Hybridnetzen