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2020 | OriginalPaper | Buchkapitel

Early Signs of Critical Slowing Down in Heart Surface Electrograms of Ventricular Fibrillation Victims

verfasst von : Berend Nannes, Rick Quax, Hiroshi Ashikaga, Mélèze Hocini, Remi Dubois, Olivier Bernus, Michel Haïssaguerre

Erschienen in: Computational Science – ICCS 2020

Verlag: Springer International Publishing

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Abstract

Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is a dangerous type of cardiac arrhythmia which, without intervention, almost always results in sudden death. Implantable automatic defibrillators are among the most successful devices to prevent sudden death by automatically applying a shock to the heart when fibrillation occurs. However, the electric shock is very painful and could lead to dangerous situations when a patient is, for example, driving or biking. An early warning signal for VF could reduce the risk in such situations or, in the future, reduce the need for defibrillation altogether. Here, we test for the presence of critical slowing down (CSD), which has proven to be an early warning indicator for critical transitions in a range of different systems. CSD is characterized by a buildup of autocorrelation; we therefore study the residuals of heart surface electrocardiograms (ECGs) of patients that suffered VF to investigate if we can measure positive trends in autocorrelation. We consider several methods to extract these residuals from the original signals. For three out of four VF victims, we find a significant amount of positive autocorrelation trends in the residuals, which might be explained by CSD. We show that these positive trends may not be measurable from the original body surface ECGs, but only from certain areas around the heart surface. We argue that additional experimental studies involving heart surface ECG data of subjects that did not suffer VF are required to quantify the prediction accuracy of the promising results we get from the data of VF victims.

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Metadaten
Titel
Early Signs of Critical Slowing Down in Heart Surface Electrograms of Ventricular Fibrillation Victims
verfasst von
Berend Nannes
Rick Quax
Hiroshi Ashikaga
Mélèze Hocini
Remi Dubois
Olivier Bernus
Michel Haïssaguerre
Copyright-Jahr
2020
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-50423-6_25