Earth system analysis — this term is often associated with the study of the ‘solid’ Earth with its surrounding spheres, the atmosphere, cryosphere, and hydrosphere. However, within IGBP (the International Geosphere — Biosphere Programme) — at least — a more general definition, which has been proposed by Schellnhuber (1998, 1999) and Claussen (1998), for example, seems to be generally accepted. According to the latter, Earth system analysis addresses the feedbacks and synergisms between the ecosphere and the anthroposphere. The eco-sphere or, the natural Earth system, encompasses the abiotic world, the geosphere, and the living world, the biosphere, whereas the anthroposphere includes all cultural and socio-economic activities of humankind which can be subdivided into subcomponents such as the psycho-social sphere etc.
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- Earth System Models
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
- Chapter 10