Ecological modelling covers a broad range of techniques, concepts and fields of study. Ecosystems display many complex structures, such as hierarchical organization, and many components interacting at different temporal and spatial scales. These components, and the overall structure of any ecosystem, have also been derived through complex adaptations that produce such features as speciation, symbiosis and community structures.
Weitere Kapitel dieses Buchs durch Wischen aufrufen
- Ecological Applications of Evolutionary Computation
P. A. Whigham
G. B. Fogel
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
- Chapter 4